Post List

  • January 29, 2016
  • 02:56 AM
  • 129 views

Mortality and autism: comorbidity counts

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I don't enjoy talking about mortality and autism on this blog but once again I'm drawn to discuss this important topic based on some recent findings published by Diana Schendel and colleagues [1]. I say these are important findings on the basis of how researchers took into account the possible role played by psychiatric and neurological comorbidity occurring alongside autism when it comes to the quite alarming mortality statistics.Drawing on the findings reported in their paper and an interview ........ Read more »

  • January 28, 2016
  • 05:26 PM
  • 116 views

WATCH: Leaf Cutter Ants Hard At Work

by Jenny Ludmer in Rooster's Report

Able to strip a tree in mere hours, leaf cutter ants are both marvels of nature and formidable pests. And that’s why researchers at University of Oregon decided to take a closer look. Armed with several cameras, the team captured never-before seen footage proving that these critters have an amazing set of skills.... Read more »

  • January 28, 2016
  • 02:36 PM
  • 152 views

It’s complicated: Benefits and toxicity of anti-prion antibodies in the brain

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Immunotherapy to ameliorate neurodegeneration by targeting brain protein aggregates with antibodies is an area of intense investigation. A new study examines seemingly contradictory earlier results of targeting the prion protein and proposes a cautionary way forward to further test related therapeutic approaches.

... Read more »

Reimann, R., Sonati, T., Hornemann, S., Herrmann, U., Arand, M., Hawke, S., & Aguzzi, A. (2016) Differential Toxicity of Antibodies to the Prion Protein. PLOS Pathogens, 12(1). DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005401  

  • January 28, 2016
  • 12:01 PM
  • 113 views

A probiotic E. coli from the trenches of World War I

by Rosin Cerate in Rosin Cerate

Escherichia coli is a two-faced little slimeball.As is often the case with bacteria, it comes in many varieties. Some, such as the infamous O157:H7 serotype, can make people very ill. Once inside us (usually via contaminated food or water), they do harmful things like pump out toxins and feast upon the walls of our intestines. We're talking lots of bloody diarrhea.Yet other strains of E. coli have done us a lot of good. For decades now, research laboratories have been using strain K12 and i........ Read more »

  • January 28, 2016
  • 09:29 AM
  • 110 views

Help me, neighbor!

by ragothamanyennamalli in Getting to know Structural Bioinformatics

We all have neighbors who help us in our hour of need. Some go out of the way as well. In enzymes too, it seems, that neighbors play a crucial role. Lafond et al in their recent publication in the Journal of Biological Chemistry report the invovlement of neighboring chains of the same enzyme, lichenase. Apart from the role of stabilizing the quarternary structure (a trimer), they are also invovled in the enzymatic activity.... Read more »

Lafond M, Sulzenbacher G, Freyd T, Henrissat B, Berrin JG, & Garron ML. (2016) the quaternary structure of a glycoside hydrolase dictates specificity towards beta-glucans. The Journal of biological chemistry. PMID: 26755730  

  • January 28, 2016
  • 08:36 AM
  • 133 views

Students from political sciences are, usually, overconfident

by Usman Paracha in SayPeople

Main Point:

Students of political sciences show higher level of overconfidence, whereas students from humanities are on the inverse side.

Published in:

PLoS ONE

Study Further:

In a study, researchers from the University of St. Gallen and the University of Zurich in Switzerland surveyed over 700 first-year students. They also asked them to go through various experiments during a session lasting about an hour and a half. In the experiments, there was a simple task of guessing the ye........ Read more »

Schulz, J., & Thöni, C. (2016) Overconfidence and Career Choice. PLOS ONE, 11(1). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0145126  

  • January 28, 2016
  • 06:58 AM
  • 152 views

There are at least 216 foreign words for positive emotional states and concepts that we don't have in English

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

One criticism levelled at positive psychology is that it takes an overly Western-centric view of the lighter side of human experience. Addressing that problem, Tim Lomas at the University of East London has begun a deep investigation into all the non-English words for positive emotions and concepts that don't have a direct translation in English.Publishing his initial findings in the The Journal of Positive Psychology, Lomas' hope is not only that we might learn more about the positive psyc........ Read more »

  • January 28, 2016
  • 06:33 AM
  • 106 views

4 Ways Meat Industry Is Destroying The Environment

by Rita dos Santos Silva in United Academics

Meat industry is responsible for irreversible environmental damages, from deforestation to water shortage.... Read more »

Herrero, M., Havlik, P., Valin, H., Notenbaert, A., Rufino, M., Thornton, P., Blummel, M., Weiss, F., Grace, D., & Obersteiner, M. (2013) Biomass use, production, feed efficiencies, and greenhouse gas emissions from global livestock systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(52), 20888-20893. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1308149110  

Gorbach, S. (2001) Antimicrobial Use in Animal Feed — Time to Stop. New England Journal of Medicine, 345(16), 1202-1203. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM200110183451610  

White, D., Zhao, S., Sudler, R., Ayers, S., Friedman, S., Chen, S., McDermott, P., McDermott, S., Wagner, D., & Meng, J. (2001) The Isolation of Antibiotic-Resistant Salmonella from Retail Ground Meats. New England Journal of Medicine, 345(16), 1147-1154. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa010315  

Tilman, D., Cassman, K., Matson, P., Naylor, R., & Polasky, S. (2002) Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices. Nature, 418(6898), 671-677. DOI: 10.1038/nature01014  

  • January 28, 2016
  • 02:55 AM
  • 115 views

ICF core sets for autism continued: what do experts think about autism?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Consider this post an extension of a previous discussion thread (see here) continuing the voyage of developing "International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF; and Children and Youth version, ICF(-CY)) Core Sets for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)."This time around it is another paper by Elles de Schipper and colleagues [1] (open-access available here) providing the blogging fodder and specifically the stage two of their four stage project building up those core sets........ Read more »

de Schipper E, Mahdi S, de Vries P, Granlund M, Holtmann M, Karande S, Almodayfer O, Shulman C, Tonge B, Wong VV.... (2016) Functioning and disability in autism spectrum disorder: A worldwide survey of experts. Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism Research. PMID: 26749373  

  • January 27, 2016
  • 11:00 PM
  • 122 views

Measuring games in the Petri dish

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

For the next couple of months, Jeffrey Peacock is visiting Moffitt. He’s a 4th year medical student at the University of Central Florida with a background in microbiology and genetic engineering of bacteria and yeast. Together with Andriy Marusyk and Jacob Scott, he will move to human cells and run some in vitro experiments with […]... Read more »

Archetti, M., Ferraro, D.A., & Christofori, G. (2015) Heterogeneity for IGF-II production maintained by public goods dynamics in neuroendocrine pancreatic cancer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(6), 1833-8. PMID: 25624490  

  • January 27, 2016
  • 05:50 PM
  • 131 views

Holding Back: Inhibition

by Joshua Fisher in Text Savvy

I remember years ago being required to write math problems containing unnecessary information so that students would have to choose the information that they needed. But just making kids do something is not the same thing as teaching them something. It is, rather, a total cave to assessment obsession—we just found a way to call assessment "instruction".... Read more »

  • January 27, 2016
  • 05:00 PM
  • 100 views

Getting rid of the Ghost People

by Eva Alisic in Trauma Recovery

Patrick became a child soldier at the age of 13, abducted by Ugandan rebels.

Schultz and Weisaeth (2015) describe his story, his mental health problems, and his treatment, a local cleansing ritual. They conclude that the ritual is safe, effective, and perhaps even more powerful than Western-style therapy. ... Read more »

  • January 27, 2016
  • 02:36 PM
  • 142 views

The music of the mind: throwing light on human consciousness

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

UNSW Australia scientists have shown that complex human brain activity is governed by the same simple universal rule of nature that can explain other phenomena such as the beautiful sound of a finely crafted violin or the spots on a leopard. The UNSW team has identified a link between the distinctive patterns of brain function that occur at rest and the physical structure of people's brains.

... Read more »

  • January 27, 2016
  • 11:50 AM
  • 124 views

Lead: Breaking Down The Bridges Of Life For Centuries

by Gustavo Arrizabalaga in The 'Scope

We've all heard about the reckless decisions that led to lead poisoning in Flint, MI. Why is lead is such a damaging toxin?... Read more »

Flora G, Gupta D, & Tiwari A. (2012) Toxicity of lead: A review with recent updates. Interdisciplinary toxicology, 5(2), 47-58. PMID: 23118587  

  • January 27, 2016
  • 11:32 AM
  • 133 views

Technobabble 101

by AG McCluskey in Zongo's Cancer Diaries

Why are scientific articles so hard to read? Why? WHY???... Read more »

  • January 27, 2016
  • 10:43 AM
  • 135 views

21 Study Tips: Steal these Learning Strategies from Master Students

by Winston Sieck in Thinker Academy

Can a bunch of study tips really help you do better in school? It’s annoying, isn’t it? You see them in every class. The students who seem to breeze on through. Coolly killing one test after another. How do they do it? Can you pinch the best study tips from these master students? Yep, you […]
Check out 21 Study Tips: Steal these Learning Strategies from Master Students, an original post on Thinker Academy.
... Read more »

  • January 27, 2016
  • 09:42 AM
  • 107 views

Video Tip of the Week: Complex Portal with Super Curators

by Mary in OpenHelix

From the same team that brings us the IntAct database for protein interaction data, the Complex Portal offers insights for additional levels of protein interactions that are organized around a biological function. Although there are various resources that store individual interactions between proteins, collecting additional interactions in units of a complex are specially challenging for various […]... Read more »

Meldal, B., Forner-Martinez, O., Costanzo, M., Dana, J., Demeter, J., Dumousseau, M., Dwight, S., Gaulton, A., Licata, L., Melidoni, A.... (2014) The complex portal - an encyclopaedia of macromolecular complexes. Nucleic Acids Research, 43(D1). DOI: 10.1093/nar/gku975  

  • January 27, 2016
  • 08:30 AM
  • 114 views

Shelter Dogs Live Up To Expectations (Mostly)

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Testing behaviour in the shelter is tricky, but most people who adopt a dog would do so again. Animal shelters often assess the behaviour of dogs before rehoming them, but because the tests are not always scientifically validated, Mornement et al (2014) developed the B.A.R.K. protocol. Results of the B.A.R.K. on 74 shelter dogs successfully predicted in-home ratings for fear and friendliness after the dogs had been adopted, but not anxiety, activity level or compliance. A follow-up paper by........ Read more »

  • January 27, 2016
  • 07:02 AM
  • 122 views

Simple Jury Persuasion: Why do people fall for what seems profound but is really nonsensical? 

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We think these authors are trying to be amusing but they are very, very serious about their work and have even attracted the attention of someone they target in their article (Deepak Chopra). Essentially the authors focus on who falls prey to “profound pseudo-bullshit” and why. And that, is an important thing for us to […]

Related posts:
Simple Jury Persuasion: I’m too smart to fall for that!
Simple Jury Persuasion: “It makes no difference to me but I’m sure it would to a lot o........ Read more »

Pennycook, G, Cheyne, JA, Barr, N, Koehler, DJ, & Fugelsang, JA. (2015) On the reception and detection of pseudo-profound bullshit. Judgment and Decision Making, 10(6), 549-563. DOI: 10.3410/f.725974620.793511899  

  • January 27, 2016
  • 06:33 AM
  • 116 views

A Steak A Day Will Keep Sustainability Away

by Rita dos Santos Silva in United Academics

Meat unsustainable practices are damaging Earth's resources... Read more »

Herrero, M., Havlik, P., Valin, H., Notenbaert, A., Rufino, M., Thornton, P., Blummel, M., Weiss, F., Grace, D., & Obersteiner, M. (2013) Biomass use, production, feed efficiencies, and greenhouse gas emissions from global livestock systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(52), 20888-20893. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1308149110  

Gorbach, S. (2001) Antimicrobial Use in Animal Feed — Time to Stop. New England Journal of Medicine, 345(16), 1202-1203. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM200110183451610  

White, D., Zhao, S., Sudler, R., Ayers, S., Friedman, S., Chen, S., McDermott, P., McDermott, S., Wagner, D., & Meng, J. (2001) The Isolation of Antibiotic-Resistant Salmonella from Retail Ground Meats. New England Journal of Medicine, 345(16), 1147-1154. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa010315  

Tilman, D., Cassman, K., Matson, P., Naylor, R., & Polasky, S. (2002) Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices. Nature, 418(6898), 671-677. DOI: 10.1038/nature01014  

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