If you had to guess, would you say that younger people or older people are better at learning abstract causal principles? When first thinking about this question, I would have thought that older people would be better at this given that … Continue reading →... Read more »
Gopnik, A., Griffiths, T., & Lucas, C. (2015) When Younger Learners Can Be Better (or at Least More Open-Minded) Than Older Ones. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24(2), 87-92. DOI: 10.1177/0963721414556653
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Dominic PJ Howard BM BCh MA DPhil (Oxon) MRCS Vascular and Endovascular Fellow Flinders Medical Centre Southern Adelaide Local Health Network Dr. Howard is I academic vascular surgeon currently based in Oxford, UK. He worked with … Continue reading →
The post Targeted Screening Projected To Reduce Deaths From Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Dominic PJ Howard. (2015) Targeted Screening Projected To Reduce Deaths From Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Professor Mika Kivimäki Chair of Social Epidemiology Epidemiology & Public Health Institute of Epidemiology & Health Faculty of Population Health Sciences University College London Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main … Continue reading →
The post Excess Working Hours Increases Risk of Stroke appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Professor Mika Kivimäki. (2015) Excess Working Hours Increases Risk of Stroke. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
A new study casts doubt on the idea that alcohol causes people to seem more attractive - the famous "beer goggles" effect.
Psychologists Olivia Maynard and colleauges, of Bristol, UK, conducted an unusual "real world" experiment. Rather than doing their testing in the laboratory, they went into three Bristol pubs in the evening (5-11 pm) and recruited volunteers on the spot. With a total sample size of 311, it was a very large sample.
Each participant was breathalyzed to estimate thei... Read more »
Maynard, O., Skinner, A., Troy, D., Attwood, A., & Munafò, M. (2015) Association of Alcohol Consumption with Perception of Attractiveness in a Naturalistic Environment. Alcohol and Alcoholism. DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agv096
"At the end of 2013, the prevalence among children born in 2006 was 1 case of autism spectrum disorder per 46 children or 215.77 per 10 000."That was the conclusions reached in the study by Lorine Pelly and colleagues  looking at "the incidence and 1-year cohort prevalence for autism spectrum disorders in children less than 15 years of age and living in the Avalon Peninsula at the time of diagnosis." The Avalon Peninsula by the way, is located in Canada.Looking at data derived from the "........ Read more »
Pelly, L., Vardy, C., Fernandez, B., Newhook, L., & Chafe, R. (2015) Incidence and cohort prevalence for autism spectrum disorders in the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland and Labrador. CMAJ Open, 3(3). DOI: 10.9778/cmajo.20140056
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dimitry N. Krementsov PhD Research Associate University of Vermont Burlington, VT 05405 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Krementsov: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurologic … Continue reading →
The post Could Increased Salt In Processed Food Contribute To Rise in MS Cases? appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Dimitry N. Krementsov PhD. (2015) Could Increased Salt In Processed Food Contribute To Rise in MS Cases?. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Gillian Schauer, PhD, MPH Lead author and Contractor CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Schauer: Marijuana is the most commonly used federally … Continue reading →
The post Most Adults Who Use Marijuana Smoke It appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Gillian Schauer, PhD, MPH. (2015) Most Adults Who Use Pot Smoke It. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Having friends who suffer from depression doesn’t affect the mental health of others, according to research. The team found that having friends can help teenagers recover from depression or even avoid becoming depressed in the first instance. The findings are the result of a study of the way teenagers in a group of US high schools influenced each others’ mood. The academics used a mathematical model to establish if depression spreads from friend to friend.... Read more »
E. M. Hill, F. E. Griffiths, & T. House. (2015) Spreading of healthy mood in adolescent social networks. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. info:/10.1098/rspb.2015.1180
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Yin Cao MPH, ScD Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Nutrition Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Cao: Light-to-moderate drinking, defined … Continue reading →
The post Light To Moderate Drinking Increases Cancer Risk in Women appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Dr. Yin Cao MD PhD. (2015) Light To Moderate Drinking Increases Cancer Risk in Women. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
If you while away time in a games arcade – play some coin pushers here, a few fruit machines there – you will soon be familiar with that frustrating and enlivening sensation of the near win that follows getting four cherries out of five. New research from INSEAD suggests that these tantalising near wins produce high levels of motivational arousal, that encourage us to chase whatever alternative rewards are then available.In one fascinating experiment, Monica Wadhwa and JeeHye Christine Kim g........ Read more »
Wadhwa, M., & Kim, J. (2015) Can a Near Win Kindle Motivation? The Impact of Nearly Winning on Motivation for Unrelated Rewards. Psychological Science, 26(6), 701-708. DOI: 10.1177/0956797614568681
MedicalResearch.com Interview Invitation Melanie J Davies MB ChB MD FRCP FRCGP Professor of Diabetes Medicine
NIHR Senior Investigator Leicester Diabetes Unit
Leicester Diabetes Centre Bloom
University of Leicester MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? What are the main … Continue reading →
The post Study Supports Liraglutide For Weight Loss in Obese Diabetics appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Melanie J Davies MB ChB. (2015) Study Supports Liraglutide For Weight Loss in Obese Diabetics. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jason H. Wasfy, MD Assistant Medical Director Massachusetts General Physicians Organization Massachusetts General Hospital Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Wasfy: Hospital readmission after angioplasty (heart stents) … Continue reading →
The post Anxious, Frequent ER Users At Greater Risk of Readmission After Angioplasty appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and ........ Read more »
Jason H. Wasfy, MD. (2015) Anxious, Frequent ER Users At Greater Risk of Readmission After Angioplasty. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
You see a man at the grocery store. Is that the fellow you went to college with or just a guy who looks like him? One tiny spot in the brain has the answer. Neuroscientists have identified the part of the hippocampus that creates and processes this type of memory, furthering our understanding of how the mind works, and what’s going wrong when it doesn’t.... Read more »
Lee, H., Wang, C., Deshmukh, S., & Knierim, J. (2015) Neural Population Evidence of Functional Heterogeneity along the CA3 Transverse Axis: Pattern Completion versus Pattern Separation. Neuron. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2015.07.012
How the tongue of a hummingbird is a perfect example of form fits function... Read more »
Rico-Guevara, A., & Rubega, M. (2011) The hummingbird tongue is a fluid trap, not a capillary tube. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(23), 9356-9360. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1016944108
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jerome A. Leis, MD MSc FRCPC Division of Infectious Diseases Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre Physician Lead, Antimicrobial Stewardship Team Faculty Quality Improvement Advisor, Centre for QuIPS Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine University of Toronto Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre … Continue reading →
The post Routine Urinalysis Tests Can Lead To Overtreating Asymptomatic Patients appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Researc........ Read more »
Jerome A. Leis, MD MSc FRCPC. (2015) Routine Urinalysis Tests Can Lead To Overtreating Asymptomatic Patients. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Carlota Batres PhD Candidate at the Perception Lab School of Psychology and Neuroscience University of St Andrews Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: Dominance in men is associated with … Continue reading →
The post In a Group, Who’s Perceived To Be Dominant? Tall, Mid-Thirty and Male appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Carlota Batres. (2015) In a Group, Who's Perceived To Be Dominant? Tall, Mid-Thirty and Male. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Twitter erupted recently with some chatter about a new tool that people seemed to really like. The iobio team from the Marth lab had launched a new gene “app” on their iobio framework. Here was some of the response: Slick! Gene.iobio tool to interactively examine #genetic variants in patient sample #genomics http://t.co/2SXGNSQhub pic.twitter.com/Hyet4j55Mc — Julie […]... Read more »
Miller, C., Qiao, Y., DiSera, T., D'Astous, B., & Marth, G. (2014) bam.iobio: a web-based, real-time, sequence alignment file inspector. Nature Methods, 11(12), 1189-1189. DOI: 10.1038/nmeth.3174
Spending time observing an aquarium leads to improvements in mood and reductions in heart rate.There are psychological benefits to watching fish and crustaceans in an aquarium, according to a new study by Deborah Cracknell et al. They observed people’s natural interactions with a marine life display, and took heart rate, blood pressure and questionnaire results from 84 experimental participants. But the display wasn’t a fish tank that you could fit in your living room – it was a large exhi........ Read more »
Cracknell, D., White, M., Pahl, S., Nichols, W., & Depledge, M. (2015) Marine Biota and Psychological Well-Being: A Preliminary Examination of Dose-Response Effects in an Aquarium Setting. Environment and Behavior. DOI: 10.1177/0013916515597512
In another life (or a different timeline, if you prefer) I didn’t change paths and continued on to become a clinical psychologist. In that life (or timeline), I, and many other psychologists are using something totally different than the DSM … Continue reading →... Read more »
Raskin, J., & Gayle, M. (2015) DSM-5: Do Psychologists Really Want an Alternative?. Journal of Humanistic Psychology. DOI: 10.1177/0022167815577897
Monozygotic twins share 100% of their genes. Does this make them identical? Not by a long shot. Epigenetics is the field of study that looks at how environment can change how something looks or works without changing its genes. Is epigenetics responsible for evil twin syndrome in American television?... Read more »
Spannhoff, A., Kim, Y., Raynal, N., Gharibyan, V., Su, M., Zhou, Y., Li, J., Castellano, S., Sbardella, G., Issa, J.... (2011) Histone deacetylase inhibitor activity in royal jelly might facilitate caste switching in bees. EMBO reports, 12(3), 238-243. DOI: 10.1038/embor.2011.9
Kahn, H., Graff, M., Stein, A., Zybert, P., McKeague, I., & Lumey, L. (2008) A fingerprint characteristic associated with the early prenatal environment. American Journal of Human Biology, 20(1), 59-65. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.20672
Zwijnenburg, P., Meijers-Heijboer, H., & Boomsma, D. (2010) Identical but not the same: The value of discordant monozygotic twins in genetic research. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics. DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.b.31091
Thacker, D., Gruber, P., Weinberg, P., & Cohen, M. (2009) Heterotaxy Syndrome with Mirror Image Anomalies in Identical Twins. Congenital Heart Disease, 4(1), 50-53. DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-0803.2008.00229.x
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