Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance... Read more »
In analyzing how the 'peer review' institution has emerged and evolved, it is possible to understand the current transition the assessment process is going through towards greater openness, transparency and accountability. … Read More →... Read more »
PACE mentioned in the title of this post refers to the PACE trial  which concluded that: "CBT [cognitive behaviour therapy] and GET [graded exercise therapy] can safely be added to SMC [specialist medical care] to moderately improve outcomes for chronic fatigue syndrome, but APT [adaptive pacing therapy] is not an effective addition."The recent paper by Carolyn Wilshire and colleagues  who drew on "relevant normative data and other research" continue........ Read more »
Wilshire, C., Kindlon, T., Matthees, A., & McGrath, S. (2016) Can patients with chronic fatigue syndrome really recover after graded exercise or cognitive behavioural therapy? A critical commentary and preliminary re-analysis of the PACE trial. Fatigue: Biomedicine, Health , 1-14. DOI: 10.1080/21641846.2017.1259724
Discovery of an enzyme that prevents obesity in mice through glycosylation of a protein involved fat-cell differentiation.... Read more »
Kaburagi T, Kizuka Y, Kitazume S, & Taniguchi N. (2016) Inhibitory role of α2,6-sialylation in adipogenesis. The Journal of biological chemistry. PMID: 28031460
The study identifies the levels of jamming power and distance required to disable GPS-dependent systems such as cell phones, and those used in automotive and aeronautical applications. Open source software was used to analyze the data collected to identify vulnerabilities in these systems, as well as proper countermeasures to undertake. The results were published by the research team from the Brazilian Aeronautical Institute of Technology in the Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management. ........ Read more »
Faria, L., Silvestre, C., & Correia, M. (2016) GPS-Dependent Systems: Vulnerabilities to Electromagnetic Attacks. Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management, 8(4), 423-430. DOI: 10.5028/jatm.v8i4.632
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
Here’s an update on the stash of tattoo posts we have here. This is a collection of new research on tattoos (to make sure we are up to date) that will undoubtedly help you decide what your individual ink means/will mean, and of course, what it suggests about your jurors, your clients, your kids, and […]... Read more »
Galbarczyk, A., & Ziomkiewicz, A. (2017) Tattooed men: Healthy bad boys and good-looking competitors. Personality and Individual Differences, 122-125. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.10.051
Swami, V., Tran, U., Kuhlmann, T., Stieger, S., Gaughan, H., & Voracek, M. (2016) More similar than different: Tattooed adults are only slightly more impulsive and willing to take risks than Non-tattooed adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 40-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2015.08.054
Thompson, K. (2015) Comparing the psychosocial health of tattooed and non-tattooed women. Personality and Individual Differences, 122-126. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.10.010
Timming, A., & Perrett, D. (2016) Trust and mixed signals: A study of religion, tattoos and cognitive dissonance. Personality and Individual Differences, 234-238. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.067
Do you know the feeling of a musical piece moving you? What is this feeling? One common answer by psychological researchers is that what you feel is your attention moving in sync with the music. In a new paper I show that this explanation is mistaken. Watch the start of the following video and observe […]... Read more »
Kunert R, & Jongman SR. (2017) Entrainment to an auditory signal: Is attention involved?. Journal of experimental psychology. General, 146(1), 77-88. PMID: 28054814
The germline FLCN missense mutations H255Y (Hasumi et al., 2009) and K508R (Toro et al., 2008) have been identified in patients with bilateral multifocal (BMF) kidney tumours and other clinical symptoms of Birt-Hogg-Dube (BHD) syndrome, or with BMF kidney tumours as the only manifestation. Building on their previous work identifying the H255Y mutation in human BHD kidney tumour, Hasumi et al. (2016) investigated whether these mutations have an impact on FLCN function. The authors evaluated the F........ Read more »
Hasumi H, Hasumi Y, Baba M, Nishi H, Furuya M, Vocke CD, Lang M, Irie N, Esumi C, Merino MJ.... (2016) H255Y and K508R missense mutations in tumour suppressor folliculin (FLCN) promote kidney cell proliferation. Human molecular genetics. PMID: 28007907
It's been a while since I've talked about Toxoplasma gondii on this blog; the parasite that more than most, has been linked with all-manner of different psychiatric labels (see here for example). Although still the topic of some discussion, I'm swayed towards the possibility that there may be some important *associations* to be seen when it comes to this survivor and human behaviour(s) outside of just making rats attracted to cat urine (see here) to improve reproduction chances.Indeed, in t........ Read more »
Flegr J, & Horáček J. (2016) Toxoplasma-infected subjects report an Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder diagnosis more often and score higher in Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory. European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists, 82-87. PMID: 27992837
"ADHD [attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder] patients were overrepresented in the group with low levels of some vitamins, possibly indicative of inadequate dietary intake of these micronutrients in a subgroup of patients. It is important to identify these patients in dietary intervention trials of ADHD."So said the study findings reported by Elisabeth Toverud Landaas and colleagues  (open-access) providing some potentially important data on how nutritional factors might int........ Read more »
It is very cold outdoors (even in Texas) and it is time once again for a number of important things we decided did not merit an entire post but wanted to share. Think of it as a series of holiday gifts for you… Ever wonder why white-collar criminals did what they did? Wonder no more. […]... Read more »
Shaw, H., Ellis, D., Kendrick, L., Ziegler, F., & Wiseman, R. (2016) Predicting Smartphone Operating System from Personality and Individual Differences. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 19(12), 727-732. DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2016.0324
"To conclude, the evidence from the studies allows us to conclude that there is an association between PM [particulate matter] exposure and ASD [autism spectrum disorder] whose strength varies according to the particle size studied with the association with PM2.5 and diesel PM being stronger."Although probably not great sentence structure to begin a post with a conclusion, the 'bottom line' reported by María Morales-Suárez-Varela and colleagues  summarises the curre........ Read more »
Morales-Suárez-Varela M, Peraita-Costa I, & Llopis-González A. (2016) Systematic review of the association between particulate matter exposure and autism spectrum disorders. Environmental research, 150-160. PMID: 27984759
by Piter Kehoma Boll Most people would agree that 2016 was a hard year. So let’s try to make 2017 better by starting this year with a tough Friday Fellow, actually the toughest of them all: Conan the bacterium, or Deinococcus … Continue reading →... Read more »
Mattimore, V., & Battista, J. (1996) Radioresistance of Deinococcus radiodurans: functions necessary to survive ionizing radiation are also necessary to survive prolonged desiccation. Journal of Bacteriology, 178(3), 633-637. DOI: 10.1128/jb.178.3.633-637.1996
Zahradka, K., Slade, D., Bailone, A., Sommer, S., Averbeck, D., Petranovic, M., Lindner, A., & Radman, M. (2006) Reassembly of shattered chromosomes in Deinococcus radiodurans. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature05160
"Our data show there may be a specific subtype of ASD [autism spectrum disorder] linked to comorbid psychosis. The results support findings that psychosis in people with ASD is often atypical, particularly regarding affective disturbance."So said the findings reported by Felicity Larson and colleagues  (open-access available here) who bring an important topic into view that has recently been raised in the media too (see here). I appreciate that to talk about yet more comorbidity pot........ Read more »
Larson, F., Wagner, A., Jones, P., Tantam, D., Lai, M., Baron-Cohen, S., & Holland, A. (2016) Psychosis in autism: comparison of the features of both conditions in a dually affected cohort. The British Journal of Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.116.187682
Nature Reviews Neuroscience is one of the foremost journals in neuroscience. What do its articles look like? How have they developed? This blog post provides answers which might guide you in writing your own reviews. Read more than you used to Reviews in Nature Reviews Neuroscience cover more and more ground. Ten years ago, 93 […]... Read more »
Researchers at the Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel) in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, showed that anaerobic fermentation process colostrum (Colostrum silage) is able to inhibit the growth of non sporulated pathogenic bacteria. … Read More →... Read more »
Saalfeld, M., Pereira, D., Valente, J., Borchardt, J., Weissheimer, C., Gularte, M., & Leite, F. (2016) Effect of anaerobic bovine colostrum fermentation on bacteria growth inhibition. Ciência Rural, 46(12), 2152-2157. DOI: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20160393
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
We’ve seen the reports of hate crimes skyrocketing—both in general, and specifically for Muslims. Now a new report says the self-reports of discrimination from Latinos have doubled in the past decade. The study used data from the National Latino Health Care Survey (a telephone survey of 800 Latino adults completed in 2013). The lead author […]... Read more »
Almeida, J., Biello, K., Pedraza, F., Wintner, S., & Viruell-Fuentes, E. (2016) The association between anti-immigrant policies and perceived discrimination among Latinos in the US: A multilevel analysis. SSM - Population Health, 897-903. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.11.003
"Our findings identify distinctive mucosal microbial signatures in ASD [autism spectrum disorder] children with FGID [functional gastrointestinal disorders] that correlate with cytokine and tryptophan homeostasis."So said the study results published by Ruth Ann Luna and colleagues  who "compared mucosa-associated microbial communities in children with ASD to previous reports characterizing stool in this population" among other things. If you are eating breakfast/lunch/dinner at........ Read more »
Luna, R., Oezguen, N., Balderas, M., Venkatachalam, A., Runge, J., Versalovic, J., Veenstra-VanderWeele, J., Anderson, G., Savidge, T., & Williams, K. (2016) Distinct microbiome-neuroimmune signatures correlate with functional abdominal pain in children with autism spectrum disorder. CMGH Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcmgh.2016.11.008
Viscosupplementation at the time of partial meniscectomy failed to provide better outcomes than surgery alone. ... Read more »
Filardo, G., Di Matteo, B., Tentoni, F., Cavicchioli, A., Di Martino, A., Lo Presti, M., Iacono, F., Kon, E., & Marcacci, M. (2016) No Effects of Early Viscosupplementation After Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(12), 3119-3125. DOI: 10.1177/0363546516660070
The pain of rejection is one that every scientist has felt: but what happens to papers after they're declined by a journal?
In a new study, researchers Earnshaw et al. traced the fate of almost 1,000 manuscripts which had been submitted to and rejected by ear, nose and throat journal Clinical Otolaryngology between 2011 to 2013.
To find out if the rejected papers had eventually appeared elsewhere, Earnshaw et al. searched PubMed and Google Scholar for published papers with titles a... Read more »
Earnshaw CH, Edwin C, Bhat J, Krishnan M, Mamais C, Somashekar S, Sunil A, Williams SP, & Leong SC. (2016) An Analysis of the Fate of 917 Manuscripts Rejected from Clinical Otolaryngology. Clinical Otolaryngology. PMID: 28032954
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