A quote to begin: "We confirmed our hypothesis that boys who undergo ritual circumcision may run a greater risk of developing ASD [autism spectrum disorder].""Objetos dispersos" de Xulio Formoso 2008That was the rather surprising finding reported by Morten Frisch & Jacob Simonsen  (open-access) following their register-based cohort study based in Denmark. Some of the media following this paper can be seen here.I'll be honest with you and say that my brow furrowed somewhat upon f........ Read more »
Frisch, M., & Simonsen, J. (2015) Ritual circumcision and risk of autism spectrum disorder in 0- to 9-year-old boys: national cohort study in Denmark. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0141076814565942
Like every year (see my previous post), Emerald rewards authors of exceptional papers covered in its extensive Emerald Management Reviews database with a Citation of Excellence Award (full list). I went through the latest list of the Citations of Excellence Top 50 papers. This time, the list contains at least two papers from related disciplines […]... Read more »
Kim, D., Ferrin, D., & Rao, H. (2008) A Trust-based Consumer Decision-making Model in Electronic Commerce: The Role of Trust, Perceived Risk, and Their Antecedents. Decision Support Systems, 44(2), 544-564. DOI: 10.1016/j.dss.2007.07.001
Locke, R., Qin, F., & Brause, A. (2007) Does Monitoring Improve Labor Standards? Lessons from Nike. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 61(1), 3-31. info:/
In a study entitled "The Effect of Police Body-Worn Cameras on Use of Force and Citizen's Complaints Against the Police: A Randomized Controlled Trial," published in the Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Ariel et al. review what is the first scientific report on the topic of whether or not police body-worn cameras work in terms of decreasing the rate of excessive force by police. As the title suggests, it also reviewed the effects of body-worn cameras on the rate of complaints ........ Read more »
Ariel, B., Farrar, W., & Sutherland, A. (2014) The Effect of Police Body-Worn Cameras on Use of Force and Citizens’ Complaints Against the Police: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Quantitative Criminology. DOI: 10.1007/s10940-014-9236-3
Reconstruction of evolutionary trajectories will be a favourite topic on this blog, since it’s a very interesting area that is currently growing rapidly. I already wrote about nice new work showing how heat stability can evolve in thermophiles (heat-loving organisms). Now there’s a new paper looking at how blue color vision arose in the lineage […]... Read more »
Yokoyama, S., Xing, J., Liu, Y., Faggionato, D., Altun, A., & Starmer, W. (2014) Epistatic Adaptive Evolution of Human Color Vision. PLoS Genetics, 10(12). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1004884
In the US and many Western countries, people are urged to manage feelings of anger or suffer its ill effects. We are raised to, for a large part, stifle our emotions and to “not be so angry.” However, new research with participants from the US and Japan suggests that anger may actually be linked with better, not worse, health at least in certain cultures.... Read more »
Kitayama S., J. M. Boylan, Y. Miyamoto, C. S. Levine, H. R. Markus, M. Karasawa, C. L. Coe, N. Kawakami, G. D. Love, & C. D. Ryff. (2015) Expression of Anger and Ill Health in Two Cultures: An Examination of Inflammation and Cardiovascular Risk. Psychological Science. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797614561268
A compelling article in the Journal of Medical Biography recounts the story of Bayard Holmes and Henry Cotton, two American "surgeon-psychiatrists" who believed that they could cure schizophrenia by removing parts of their patients' intestines (and other organs). Both men tested their theories on their own children - with tragic results. The article is by Jonathan Davidson of Duke University.
Holmes and Cotton had a theory to justify these extreme treatments: autointoxication - the id... Read more »
Davidson J. (2014) Bayard Holmes (1852-1924) and Henry Cotton (1869-1933): Surgeon-psychiatrists and their tragic quest to cure schizophrenia. Journal of medical biography. PMID: 25504547
Across the past decade, the lab where I completed my PhD work and our collaborator have undertaken numerous experiments reflected in over 10 original research publications on how alcohol affects circadian timekeeping. The journey continues. ... Read more »
Prosser RA, & Glass JD. (2014) Assessing ethanol's actions in the suprachiasmatic circadian clock using in vivo and in vitro approaches. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). PMID: 25457753
January Moonrise © EEGToday I would like to discuss a couple of papers that I used as premise for my new thriller Immunity, which will be part of the Apocalypse Weird series, created by Nick Cole, Michael Bunker and Tim Grahl. Just like all my other thrillers, Immunity too, finds its roots in some fascinating facts about genetics, virology and of course immunity.The premise of the book has to do with something I discussed a long time ago, in one of my very first posts: human endogenous ret........ Read more »
Dickerson F, Lillehoj E, Stallings C, Wiley M, Origoni A, Vaughan C, Khushalani S, Sabunciyan S, & Yolken R. (2012) Antibodies to retroviruses in recent onset psychosis and multi-episode schizophrenia. Schizophrenia research, 138(2-3), 198-205. PMID: 22542615
Yolken R. (2004) Viruses and schizophrenia: a focus on herpes simplex virus. Herpes : the journal of the IHMF. PMID: 15319094
It was an infamous experiment, one on obedience and reprehensible behavior done in 1961. With memories of Holocaust atrocities and the prosecution of Nazi officials at Nuremberg still fresh, psychologist Stanley Milgram made history. You may not remember the name per say, but chances are you know his work.... Read more »
Hollander, M. (2015) The repertoire of resistance: Non-compliance with directives in Milgram's ‘obedience’ experiments. British Journal of Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/bjso.12099
A new study shows that many patients infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) are lost during different stages of health care to manage the disease. This real-life’ view of the HCV patient care continuum in a major U.S. urban area is published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, and highlights the importance of generating awareness among clinicians and at-risk groups about appropriate HCV testing, referral, support and care.
Despite eff........ Read more »
When the movie Lucy was released in the summer of 2014, it was quickly followed by a flurry of attention surrounding the idea that we only use 10% of our brains. According to this perspective, around 90% of our neurons lie dormant, all the while teasing us by reminding us that we have only achieved a small fraction of our human potential. In the movie, Scarlet Johansson plays a woman who takes an experimental new drug that makes her capable of using upwards of 90% of her brain. Due to this sudde........ Read more »
A new study offers two reasons to be cautious about some of the claims made for the role of the hormone oxytocin in human behavior.
The paper's out now in PLoS ONE from researchers James C. Christensen and colleagues, who are based at the US Air Force Research Laboratory in Ohio. That the military are interested in oxytocin at all is perhaps a testament to the huge amount of interest that this molecule has attracted in recent years. Oxytocin has been called the "hug hormone", and is said to b... Read more »
Christensen, J., Shiyanov, P., Estepp, J., & Schlager, J. (2014) Lack of Association between Human Plasma Oxytocin and Interpersonal Trust in a Prisoner’s Dilemma Paradigm. PLoS ONE, 9(12). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116172
Your brain is a memory powerhouse, constantly recording experiences in long-term memory. Those memories help you find your way through the world: Who works the counter each morning at your favorite coffee shop? How do you turn on the headlights of your car? What color is your best friend’s house? But then your barista leaves for law school, you finally buy a new car and your buddy spends the summer with a paint brush in hand. Suddenly, your memories are out of date. So what do you do, forget a........ Read more »
Kim G, Lewis-Peacock JA, Norman KA, & Turk-Browne NB. (2014) Pruning of memories by context-based prediction error. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(24), 8997-9002. PMID: 24889631
Pick of the week is back after shutting down for festive period. This week’s pick is not actually from this week’s literature, and in fact...
The post Spin FETish: Alternative transistors become more appealing appeared first on Spin and Tonic.
... Read more »
Chuang, P., Ho, S., Smith, L., Sfigakis, F., Pepper, M., Chen, C., Fan, J., Griffiths, J., Farrer, I., Beere, H.... (2014) All-electric all-semiconductor spin field-effect transistors. Nature Nanotechnology, 10(1), 35-39. DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2014.296
If you are lucky in life, there is at least one person who will always be there for you—a parent, your spouse, maybe even your pooch. As we understand more and more of what goes on inside a cell, it has become clear that actin is always there for the cell’s many organelles. Actin is so supportive and encouraging, and without it our cells would just be puddles of fats and proteins. Today’s images are from a paper describing the role of actin in mitochondrial fission. Mitochondria ar........ Read more »
Li, S., Xu, S., Roelofs, B., Boyman, L., Lederer, W., Sesaki, H., & Karbowski, M. (2014) Transient assembly of F-actin on the outer mitochondrial membrane contributes to mitochondrial fission. The Journal of Cell Biology, 208(1), 109-123. DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201404050
It's near the end of your university semester, you're tired and now you've got to sit through 90 minutes of monotonous psychology tests to fulfil the requirements for your course. This is a familiar situation for psychology undergrads, many of whom form the sample pools for thousands of psychology studies.Concerns have been raised before that psychology findings are being skewed by the (lack of) effort students put into their performance as research participants. Last year, for example, research........ Read more »
DeRight, J., & Jorgensen, R. (2014) I Just Want My Research Credit: Frequency of Suboptimal Effort in a Non-Clinical Healthy Undergraduate Sample. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 1-17. DOI: 10.1080/13854046.2014.989267
In 2005, Mercedes-Benz revealed a concept car with a strange shape. Called the Bionic, the cartoonishly snub-nosed vehicle was modeled after Ostracion cubicus, the yellow boxfish. Car manufacturers aren't the only ones to take inspiration from this weird coral dweller. But researchers now say engineers who mimicked the boxfish might have been misled.
Shaping the car like a boxfish was supposed to make it aerodynamic. And the fish's allegedly low drag underwater wasn't its only interest........ Read more »
Van Wassenbergh S, van Manen K, Marcroft TA, Alfaro ME, & Stamhuis EJ. (2015) Boxfish swimming paradox resolved: forces by the flow of water around the body promote manoeuvrability. Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society, 12(103). PMID: 25505133
Understanding the genetic basis of common disease is an important goal for human genetics research. Nothing that we do is easy — the ~25% success rate of exome sequencing in monogenic (Mendelian) disorders is proof enough of that — but the challenges of complex disease genetics are considerable. Cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in particular arise […]... Read more »
Do R, Stitziel NO, Won H, Jørgensen AB, Duga S, Angelica Merlini P, Kiezun A, Farrall M, Goel A, Zuk O.... (2014) Exome sequencing identifies rare LDLR and APOA5 alleles conferring risk for myocardial infarction. Nature. PMID: 25487149
Almost three years ago, we blogged about something called the extremist effect. The extremist effect is a strategy of taking something virtuous and turning it into a vice through clever language. For example: You are a snowmobiling association being sued by environmental groups to block access to public lands. You diminish their position by saying, “Sporting […]
“Reactions vary along traditional partisan lines”
Excuse me potential juror: Is your brain red or........ Read more »
Campbell TH, & Kay AC. (2014) Solution aversion: On the relation between ideology and motivated disbelief. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107(5), 809-24. PMID: 25347128
I know the paper by Jenny Fairthorne and colleagues  (open-access) is probably not the happiest thing to read with their conclusion that: "During the study period, mothers of children with intellectual disability or ASD [autism spectrum disorder] had more than twice the risk of death" but their message is nonetheless an important one.Based on data derived from "state-wide databases" covering women living in Western Australia who gave birth between 1983 and 2005, researcher........ Read more »
Fairthorne J, Hammond G, Bourke J, Jacoby P, & Leonard H. (2014) Early Mortality and Primary Causes of Death in Mothers of Children with Intellectual Disability or Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Retrospective Cohort Study. PloS one, 9(12). PMID: 25535971
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