Post List

  • April 15, 2015
  • 03:31 AM
  • 75 views

Maternal diabetes and offspring autism risk... again

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"In this large, multiethnic clinical cohort of singleton children born at 28 to 44 weeks’ gestation, exposure to maternal GDM [gestational diabetes mellitus] diagnosed by 26 weeks’ gestation was associated with risk of ASD [autism spectrum disorder] in offspring."That was the conclusion reached by Anny Xiang and colleagues [1] (open-access) following their analysis of some 3300 children diagnosed with ASD as part of a wider cohort of over 300,000 children "born in 19........ Read more »

Xiang, A., Wang, X., Martinez, M., Walthall, J., Curry, E., Page, K., Buchanan, T., Coleman, K., & Getahun, D. (2015) Association of Maternal Diabetes With Autism in Offspring. JAMA, 313(14), 1425. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2015.2707  

  • April 15, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 70 views

Hurts So Good: Eccentric Hamstrings to Prevent Strains

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

A program focused on eccentric hamstring strengthening may prevent hamstring injuries.... Read more »

  • April 14, 2015
  • 09:06 PM
  • 91 views

‘Investing in language:’ Why do we think about language education the way we do?

by Agnes Bodis in Language on the Move

If someone cannot now learn their native language, adding a couple of foerign (sic) dead languages is not going to help them. And there is no possible economic return such as is available from Asian languages or living European languages … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • April 14, 2015
  • 03:36 PM
  • 87 views

Tracking membranes by imaging – mCLING and surface glycans

by Gal Haimovich in Green Fluorescent Blog

Living cells exhibit many types of membranes which participate in most biological precesses, one way or another. Imaging membranes is usually acheived by two types of reagents: chemical dyes or fluorescent proteins that are targeted to the membrane itself or … Continue reading →... Read more »

Jiang H, English BP, Hazan RB, Wu P, & Ovryn B. (2015) Tracking surface glycans on live cancer cells with single-molecule sensitivity. Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 54(6), 1765-9. PMID: 25515330  

Revelo NH, Kamin D, Truckenbrodt S, Wong AB, Reuter-Jessen K, Reisinger E, Moser T, & Rizzoli SO. (2014) A new probe for super-resolution imaging of membranes elucidates trafficking pathways. The Journal of cell biology, 205(4), 591-606. PMID: 24862576  

  • April 14, 2015
  • 03:18 PM
  • 81 views

Watch out Atkins: Over eating fatty foods can alter your muscle metabolism

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

More bad news on the obesity front and strangely enough, on the popular diet front too — at least for diets like atkins. New research shows that even short term high-fat diets can change your metabolism. So while you might think that you can get away with eating fatty foods for a few days without it making any significant changes to your body, think again.... Read more »

Anderson, A., Haynie, K., McMillan, R., Osterberg, K., Boutagy, N., Frisard, M., Davy, B., Davy, K., & Hulver, M. (2015) Early skeletal muscle adaptations to short-term high-fat diet in humans before changes in insulin sensitivity. Obesity, 23(4), 720-724. DOI: 10.1002/oby.21031  

  • April 14, 2015
  • 02:13 PM
  • 70 views

Salt Capsules May Not Improve Exercise Performance For Endurance Athletes

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Edward “Ted” Weiss, Ph.D. Associate Professor Department of Nutrition and Dietetics Saint Louis University Saint Louis MO 63104 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Weiss: Public health recommendations … Continue reading →
The post Salt Capsules May Not Improve Exercise Performance For Endurance Athletes appeared first on Medical........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Edward "Ted" Weiss, Ph.D. (2015) Salt Capsules May Not Improve Exercise Performance For Endurance Athletes. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 14, 2015
  • 12:48 PM
  • 65 views

Global Temperature Rise and Human Health - How is the World Coping?

by Sarah Stephen in An ecological oratorio

Global temperatures have been on the rise since the Industrial Age due to human activity such as the emissions of greenhouse gases from fossil fuel burning, large-scale deforestation, expansion of urban areas where vegetation cover is replaced by artificial heat retaining materials such as asphalt and concrete, some agricultural practices, and waste management activities. Data from the National Climatic Data Centre that  maintains the world's largest climate data archive indicate that the a........ Read more »

  • April 14, 2015
  • 10:53 AM
  • 74 views

Could Probiotics Improve Your Mood?

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Laura Steenbergen Leiden University, Institute for Psychological Research, Cognitive Psychology Leiden, The Netherlands Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: Food supplements, among which probiotics, are becoming more and … Continue reading →
The post Could Probiotics Improve Your Mood? appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Rese........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Laura Steenbergen. (2015) Could Probiotics Improve Your Mood?. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 14, 2015
  • 10:34 AM
  • 69 views

HPV Vaccine Prevention Of Oropharyngeal Cancer In Boys May Be Cost Effective

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Lillian Siu, MD, FRCPC Princess Margaret Cancer Centre University Health Network Toronto Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Siu: Our study is a collaboration between researchers at the … Continue reading →
The post HPV Vaccine Prevention Of Oropharyngeal Cancer In Boys May Be Cost Effective appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Res........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Lillian Siu, MD, FRCPC. (2015) HPV Vaccine Prevention Of Oropharyngeal Cancer In Boys May Be Cost Effective . MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 14, 2015
  • 08:45 AM
  • 59 views

Malaria diagnosis with RDT MAbs

by SS in Scientific scrutiny

Examining the business of patenting MAbs against epitopes described before and the need for caution in using MAbs against epitopes reported to be deleted in different parts of the world... Read more »

  • April 14, 2015
  • 04:08 AM
  • 94 views

Immune signature in ME/CFS detected in cerebrospinal fluid

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The research tag-team that is Mady Hornig and Ian Lipkin are fairly frequently mentioned on this blog. If it's not to do with their studies in autism research (see here for a recent mention) it is with their ground-breaking work looking at chronic fatigue syndrome / myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) in mind (see here for example).Indeed their latest paper [1] extends some recent findings (see here) on immune involvement in relation to CFS/ME [2] with a focus on examinations in cerebrospinal flu........ Read more »

  • April 13, 2015
  • 09:29 PM
  • 60 views

High Cost-Sharing Policies For Physician Care May Not Benefit Chronically Ill Patients

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Haichang Xin, PhD Department of Health Care Organization and policy School of Public Health University of Alabama at Birmingham MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? Dr. Xin: Since high cost-sharing policies can reduce both needed … Continue reading →
The post High Cost-Sharing Policies For Physician Care May Not Benefit Chronically Ill Patients appeared first on MedicalRese........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Haichang Xin, PhD. (2015) High Cost-Sharing Policies For Physician Care May Not Benefit Chronically Ill Patients. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 13, 2015
  • 09:04 PM
  • 52 views

Nanotechnology May Lead To Breath Test For Gastric Cancer

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Professor Hossam Haick Ph.D Department of Chemical Engineering and Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute Haifa, Israel Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Haick: Our study is based on the … Continue reading →
The post Nanotechnology May Lead To Breath Test For Gastric Cancer appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interview........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Professor Hossam Haick Ph.D. (2015) Nanotechnology May Lead To Breath Test For Gastric Cancer. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 13, 2015
  • 03:37 PM
  • 101 views

The placebome: Where genetics and the placebo effect meet

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Placebos have helped to ease symptoms of illness for centuries and have been a fundamental component of clinical research to test new drug therapies for more than 70 years. But why some people respond to placebos and others do not remains under debate.... Read more »

Kathryn T. Hall et al. (2015) Genetics and the placebo effect: the placebome. Trends in Molecular Medicine. info:/10.1016/j.molmed.2015.02.009

  • April 13, 2015
  • 02:47 PM
  • 85 views

Gibbon calls

by Janet Kwasniak in Neuro-patch

There is some interesting news on gibbons. But first, what are gibbons? They are apes, called lesser apes but definitely in our group with chimps, gorillas, and orangs and not with monkeys. The Chinese used to call them “gentlemen of the forest” to separate them from troublesome monkeys. Our lineage split from theirs about 18 […]... Read more »

  • April 13, 2015
  • 10:34 AM
  • 89 views

An unusual form of diabetes may be caused by drinking arsenic-contaminated water

by Megan Cartwright in Science-Based Writing

Like a careless criminal, even small amounts of toxic arsenic leave telltale fingerprints on victims’ bodies—although these fingerprints are different if the victim as Type 2 Diabetes, scientists report. And arsenic has many potential victims: more than 200 million people worldwide … Continue reading →... Read more »

Martin, E., Gonzalez-Horta, C., Rager, J., Bailey, K., Sanchez-Ramirez, B., Ballinas-Casarrubias, L., Ishida, M., Gutierrez-Torres, D., Hernandez Ceron, R., Viniegra Morales, D.... (2015) Metabolomic Characteristics of Arsenic-Associated Diabetes in a Prospective Cohort in Chihuahua, Mexico. Toxicological Sciences, 144(2), 338-346. DOI: 10.1093/toxsci/kfu318  

  • April 13, 2015
  • 10:22 AM
  • 86 views

Treating Insomnia in Children with ADHD

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Insomnia commonly complicates the clinical presentation and treatment in children with ADHD.Stimulant therapy may provide significant relief for daytime attention and hyperactivity symptoms. However, stimulants do not appear to help with comorbid insomnia. In fact, stimulant therapy may cause more problems with insomnia in ADHD.Behavioral treatments are known to be effective in children without ADHD. Now we have a recently published study showing the effectiveness of behavioral treatment of inso........ Read more »

  • April 13, 2015
  • 06:43 AM
  • 94 views

Let there be light: how light can affect our mood

by neurosci in Neuroscientifically Challenged

If you're looking for an indication of how intricately human physiology is tied to the environment our species evolved in, you need look no further than our circadian clock. For, the internal environment of our body is regulated by 24-hour cycles that closely mirror the time it takes for the earth to rotate once on its axis. Moreover, these cycles are shaped by changes in the external environment (e.g. fluctuating levels of daylight) associated with that rotation. Indeed, this 24-hour cycle regu........ Read more »

LeGates, T., Fernandez, D., & Hattar, S. (2014) Light as a central modulator of circadian rhythms, sleep and affect. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 15(7), 443-454. DOI: 10.1038/nrn3743  

  • April 13, 2015
  • 05:09 AM
  • 50 views

Psychologists can influence people's moral choices by tracking their gaze

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Where we look betrays what we're thinking. For instance, given a choice between two snacks, people spend longer looking at the alternative that they ultimately choose. A new study digs deeper into this process and asks: is gaze direction also related to moral choices, and does it actually influence those choices?Twenty students donned an eye tracker and made a series of moral judgments. On each trial, the students heard a statement over headphones (e.g. "murder is sometimes justifiable") and the........ Read more »

Pärnamets, P., Johansson, P., Hall, L., Balkenius, C., Spivey, M., & Richardson, D. (2015) Biasing moral decisions by exploiting the dynamics of eye gaze. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201415250. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1415250112  

  • April 13, 2015
  • 01:38 AM
  • 89 views

Interoception and body awareness in autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Interoception: the sense of the physiological condition of the body" [1].This was an important concept detailed in the paper by Lisa Fiene and Charlotte Brownlow [2] with autism in mind. Looking at how adults diagnosed with an ASD (autism spectrum disorder) "interpret elements of the interoceptive sense, which includes thirst, hunger, temperature, satiety" researchers questioned those on the spectrum (n=74) and asymptomatic controls (n=228) with "self-reported perceptions of body awareness........ Read more »

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