Wireless Instantaneous Neurotransmitter Concentration Sensing System (WINCS) Patient Module printed circuit board & sterilizable case. (Fig. 1, Kimble et al. 2009). Last month, the New York Times reported that the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) will spend $70 million to further the development of technologies that use deep brain stimulation (DBS), which has been highly successful in treating Parkinson's Disease (PD). The SUBNETS program (Systems-Based Neurotechnology........ Read more »
Chang SY, Kimble CJ, Kim I, Paek SB, Kressin KR, Boesche JB, Whitlock SV, Eaker DR, Kasasbeh A, Horne AE.... (2013) Development of the Mayo Investigational Neuromodulation Control System: toward a closed-loop electrochemical feedback system for deep brain stimulation. Journal of Neurosurgery. PMID: 24116724
Kimble CJ, Johnson DM, Winter BA, Whitlock SV, Kressin KR, Horne AE, Robinson JC, Bledsoe JM, Tye SJ, Chang SY.... (2009) Wireless Instantaneous Neurotransmitter Concentration Sensing System (WINCS) for intraoperative neurochemical monitoring. Conference proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society., 4856-9. PMID: 19963865
A bicep tenodesis has minimal influence on passive shoulder instability.... Read more »
Strauss EJ, Salata MJ, Sershon RA, Garbis N, Provencher MT, Wang VM, McGill KC, Bush-Joseph CA, Nicholson GP, Cole BJ.... (2013) Role of the superior labrum after biceps tenodesis in glenohumeral stability. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. PMID: 24090980
Scientists have found that asteroid and comet impact craters must be our priorities in finding the evidences of life on other planets.
In the present study, scientists have found complex organic material enclosed in glassy ejecta, produced during a meteor impact in western Tasmania about 800,000 years ago. The impact crated the 1.2-kilometre wide Darwin Crater, near Queenstown, Tasmania.
"When large meteors strike ........ Read more »
NASA’s astronomers have finally found the evidence of jet of high-energy particles coming out from Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*).
The Astrophysical Journal
Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*):
Sgr A* is the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way. It is about 4 million times more massive than our Sun and is present about 26,000 light years away from us.
Jets of high-energy particles:
These jets are usually produced by young star........ Read more »
Zhiyuan Li, Mark R. Morris, & Frederick K. Baganoff. (2013) Evidence for A Parsec-scale Jet from The Galactic Center Black Hole: Interaction with Local Gas. arXiv. arXiv: 1310.0146v1
When is the right time to begin TH (Therapeutic Hypothermia) to produce the best outcomes?
In the ICU (Intensive Care Unit)?
In the ED (Emergency Department)?
In the ambulance?
While the patient is still pulseless?
This question was asked in 2010.... Read more »
Bernard SA, Smith K, Cameron P, Masci K, Taylor DM, Cooper DJ, Kelly AM, Silvester W, & Rapid Infusion of Cold Hartmanns (RICH) Investigators. (2010) Induction of therapeutic hypothermia by paramedics after resuscitation from out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest: a randomized controlled trial. Circulation, 122(7), 737-42. PMID: 20679551
The BBC headline 'Study links synaesthesia to autism' recently caught my eye (and nose!) discussing the paper by Baron-Cohen and colleagues* (open-access) who suggested that: "The rate of synaesthesia in adults with autism was 18.9% (31 out of 164), almost three times greater than in controls".Colour and sensation @ Wikipedia Synaesthesia according to the UK Synaesthesia Association is best described as a "union of the senses" whereby "two or more of the five senses that are norma........ Read more »
“If you keep running like that, you’ll ruin your knees by the time you’re 40!” If you’re a runner, chances are you’ve heard such cautionary advice one too many times. For the 42% of runners who suffer from knee injuries each year 1, chronic, and potentially debilitating knee pain may be a legitimate concern. For … Continue reading »... Read more »
Kulmala JP, Avela J, Pasanen K, & Parkkari J. (2013) Forefoot strikers exhibit lower running-induced knee loading than rearfoot strikers. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 23-28. PMID: 23748735
Building on a trailblazing body of work in stem cell research at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, an interdisciplinary team led by Joshua M. Hare, M.D., Director of the Interdisciplinary Stem Cell Institute, revealed the results of two pioneering studies in cardiac stem cell therapy during oral presentations at the American Heart Association national convention held in Dallas, today and Monday.Both studies build on Hare’s scientific and clinical research in the field of cardi........ Read more »
Heldman AW, Difede DL, Fishman JE, Zambrano JP, Trachtenberg BH, Karantalis V, Mushtaq M, Williams AR, Suncion VY, McNiece IK.... (2013) Transendocardial Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Mononuclear Bone Marrow Cells for Ischemic Cardiomyopathy: The TAC-HFT Randomized Trial. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association. PMID: 24247587
Alex Tabarrok recently related a familiar story about the ‘wisdom of the crowds’: I ask the audience to guess my weight. They all wrote their guesses on a piece of paper. All the guesses was collected and an average guess – the “consensus forecast” – was calculated, while I continued my presentation. I started my presentation […]... Read more »
Seppänen JT, Forsman JT, Mönkkönen M, & Thomson RL. (2007) Social information use is a process across time, space, and ecology, reaching heterospecifics. Ecology, 88(7), 1622-33. PMID: 17645008
King AJ, & Cowlishaw G. (2007) When to use social information: the advantage of large group size in individual decision making. Biology letters, 3(2), 137-9. PMID: 17284400
Lorenz J, Rauhut H, Schweitzer F, & Helbing D. (2011) How social influence can undermine the wisdom of crowd effect. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(22), 9020-5. PMID: 21576485
Previous posts in this series looked at the brain disorders linked to preterm birth including ADHD, autism, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and learning disability. There is a strong incentive for public health prevention interventions to reduce the number and severity of preterm birth.These efforts require better understanding of the specific risk factors and mechanisms for preterm labor and birth.Known risk factors for preterm birth include:Previous preterm birthFirst pregnancyLow socioec........ Read more »
Räisänen S, Gissler M, Saari J, Kramer M, & Heinonen S. (2013) Contribution of risk factors to extremely, very and moderately preterm births - register-based analysis of 1,390,742 singleton births. PloS one, 8(4). PMID: 23577142
It’s easy to think of ways that personality affects how we approach situations. But a new study looks at the other side of the coin: how situations alter our personality. This research suggests that while our personality at work has a stable, predictable quality, experience of meaningful events produces ‘personality states’ that deviate from our baseline traits.Timothy Judge’s team recruited 122 participants in full employment into this online study, measuring their general personality t........ Read more »
Judge TA, Simon LS, Hurst C, & Kelley K. (2013) What I Experienced Yesterday Is Who I Am Today: Relationship of Work Motivations and Behaviors to Within-Individual Variation in the Five-Factor Model of Personality. The Journal of applied psychology. PMID: 24099348
A bottlenose dolphin mother shares her culture with her offspring. Image by M. Herko at the National Undersea Research Program (NURP) available at Wikimedia Commons.We often think of culture as being food dishes, music, dance, and clothing that are specific to a group of people. But are we the only species that have culture? What is culture exactly and how does it relate to relationships? Scientifically, culture is behavior that is socially transmitted between individuals and shared within po........ Read more »
Cantor, M., & Whitehead, H. (2013) The interplay between social networks and culture: theoretically and among whales and dolphins. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 1-8. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0340
Recently in a paper we are working on we were asked to cover a bit more about various styles or types of genome browsers that are available. And the timing was perfect, because I had just revisited the information about IGB (Ig-bee) in their recent webinar series. Announced on Biostar recently was this nice introduction […]... Read more »
Nicol J. W., Helt G. A., Blanchard S. G., Raja A., & Loraine A. E. (2009) The Integrated Genome Browser: free software for distribution and exploration of genome-scale datasets. Bioinformatics, 25(20), 2730-2731. DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btp472
The wonderful yet odd insect order Strepsiptera. This post explores a bit of their biology and includes a stunning video of a male emerging from its wasp host.... Read more »
Photo: Imageman / ShutterstockScratching is a normal behaviour for a cat, but can be problematic for owners if a cat chooses to scratch the wrong items. A new study by Manuel Mengoli et al in Italy investigates feline scratching behaviour amongst a mixed sample of cats. Normal 0 false false false EN-CA X-NONE X-NONE ........ Read more »
Mengoli M, Mariti C, Cozzi A, Cestarollo E, Lafont-Lecuelle C, Pageat P, & Gazzano A. (2013) Scratching behaviour and its features: a questionnaire-based study in an Italian sample of domestic cats. Journal of feline medicine and surgery, 15(10), 886-92. PMID: 23492353
The cranberry is an amazing fruit for several reasons. Its cultivation and botany are unusual, as is its seed dispersal mechanism and structure. However, a major push has been on to understand the medicinal uses of the cranberry. Much debate is taking place as to the usefulness of cranberry compounds, anthocyanidins and polyphenols, in the prevention of urinary tract infections. New studies have diametrically opposed conclusions – one shows a benefit in women prone to UTIs, while a recent ........ Read more »
Burleigh AE, Benck SM, McAchran SE, Reed JD, Krueger CG, & Hopkins WJ. (2013) Consumption of sweetened, dried cranberries may reduce urinary tract infection incidence in susceptible women -- a modified observational study. Nutrition journal, 12(1), 139. PMID: 24139545
McCall J, Hidalgo G, Asadishad B, & Tufenkji N. (2013) Cranberry impairs selected behaviors essential for virulence in Proteus mirabilis HI4320. Canadian journal of microbiology, 59(6), 430-6. PMID: 23750959
Lorenzo AJ, & Braga LH. (2013) Use of cranberry products does not appear to be associated with a significant reduction in incidence of recurrent urinary tract infections. Evidence-based medicine, 18(5), 181-2. PMID: 23416416
Ruel G, Lapointe A, Pomerleau S, Couture P, Lemieux S, Lamarche B, & Couillard C. (2013) Evidence that cranberry juice may improve augmentation index in overweight men. Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.), 33(1), 41-9. PMID: 23351409
Shidfar F, Heydari I, Hajimiresmaiel SJ, Hosseini S, Shidfar S, & Amiri F. (2012) The effects of cranberry juice on serum glucose, apoB, apoA-I, Lp(a), and Paraoxonase-1 activity in type 2 diabetic male patients. Journal of research in medical sciences : the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 17(4), 355-60. PMID: 23267397
by amikulak in Daily Observations
About 1 in 4 children in the United States spend some or even all of their early childhood in poverty, according to data from the U.S. Census Bureau. What does […]... Read more »
Evans, G.W., & Cassells, R.C. (2013) Childhood Poverty, Cumulative Risk Exposure, and Mental Health in Emerging Adults. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702613501496
Like many other people these days I finally succumbed to the allure of social media and created a personal Facebook page; the main benefit for me is that it has allowed me to hear from lots of old friends. Another benefit is getting tagged in those, "Hey what is this critter?" posts I'm sure all other biologists probably get. Usually, the critter ends up being some spider in a garage or a ... Read more »
K.M. Enge, D. J. Stevenson, M. J. Elliot, & J. M. Bauder. (2013) The historical and current distribution of the eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi). Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 8(2), 288-307. info:/
Boosting the natural population of New Zealand sea urchins may help to eliminate an invasive Asian sea kelp, but at what cost? ... Read more »
Javier Atalah, Grant A. Hopkins, & Barrie M. Forrest. (2013) Augmentative Biocontrol in Natural Marine Habitats: Persistence, Spread and Non-Target Effects of the Sea Urchin Evechinus chloroticus. PLoS ONE, 8(11). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080365
How do empathy, accountability and fairness interact to result in preferential treatment (but with the best of intentions)? You know we are looking at this with an eye toward litigation implications and it isn’t even that much of a stretch. The researchers are looking at the workplace supervisor/supervisee relationship to assess how knowing that an […]
Have you seen our articles in The Jury Expert?
“That’s not fair!”
Attractiveness and being fired for poor performan........ Read more »
Blader, SL, & Rothman, NB. (2014) Paving the road to preferential treatment with good intentions: Empathy, accountability and fairness. . Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. . DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2013.09.001
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