Post List

  • July 9, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 47 views

So can you explain how that works in your own words?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We do a lot of pretrial research where complicated processes, inventions, ideas, software, tools, widgets, and other intellectual property ideas are explained. And we do a lot of pretrial research where something that doesn’t seem complicated (like a family estate, for example) gets very complicated, very quickly. We’ve found there are often vocal mock jurors […]

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Playing the race card: When it works and why it doesn’t
False Confessions: “No one really does that unl........ Read more »

Fernbach PM, Rogers T, Fox CR, & Sloman SA. (2013) Political extremism is supported by an illusion of understanding. Psychological Science, 24(6), 939-46. PMID: 23620547  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 05:52 AM
  • 76 views

Familial Recurrence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (again)

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The paper by Neil Risch and colleagues [1] adds to the growing literature looking at the question of familial recurrence of autism i.e. if one child has a diagnosis of autism, how likely are subsequent children to be similarly diagnosed. The answer according to this latest data: "The overall sibling recurrence risk was 10.1%" compared with 0.5% in siblings of asymptomatic controls. This figure is pretty much the same as that reported by Sandin and colleagues [2] covered not so long ago (see here........ Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 04:30 AM
  • 64 views

Maize lethal necrosis has spread to Rwanda

by Abigail Rumsey in The Plantwise Blog

Report by Abigail Rumsey, Beatrice Uwumukiza and Bellancila Uzayisenga. In the past two years, we have reported on the presence of the maize lethal necrosis (MLN) disease in East African countries including Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The disease is also present in South Sudan. The most recent report has been of its spread to the […]... Read more »

Adams, I., Harju, V., Hodges, T., Hany, U., Skelton, A., Rai, S., Deka, M., Smith, J., Fox, A., Uzayisenga, B.... (2014) First report of maize lethal necrosis disease in Rwanda. New Disease Reports, 22. DOI: 10.5197/j.2044-0588.2014.029.022  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 03:28 AM
  • 79 views

Do chimps like to listen to African and Indian music?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

“While preferring silence to music from the West, chimpanzees apparently like to listen to the different rhythms of music from Africa and India, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.” ... Read more »

Mingle, M., Eppley, T., Campbell, M., Hall, K., Horner, V., & de Waal, F. (2014) Chimpanzees Prefer African and Indian Music Over Silence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition. DOI: 10.1037/xan0000032  

Merchant, H., & Honing, H. (2013) Are non-human primates capable of rhythmic entrainment? Evidence for the gradual audiomotor evolution hypothesis. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 7(274). info:/

  • July 9, 2014
  • 01:18 AM
  • 92 views

The Warrior Gene, Back from the Grave

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

Recently two meta-analyses on the gene, monoamine oxidase A, and its relationship with violence came to opposite conclusions. I review those studies and pose the questions that the scientists were too afraid to answer.... Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 55 views

If You’re Not Using the SCAT-2 For On-Field Concussion Diagnosis Maybe You Should Be

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The SCAT-2 tool composite score is useful in sports-related concussion assessment in a college setting due to its high sensitivity and specificity especially if you can compare a post injury score with a baseline measure.... Read more »

  • July 8, 2014
  • 06:13 PM
  • 66 views

People's happiness at work usually dips mid career - now researchers think they know why

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

If you're in or not far from your thirties, you're part of the age group that previous research shows is most likely to experience lower workplace wellbeing. A new study suggests the reasons for this midlife dip: a double whammy of more demands on time and less support from co-workers. Dr Hannes Zacher's team surveyed nearly 800 mostly male workers in various roles in the Australian construction industry. Participants reported wellbeing in terms of job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion. Cons........ Read more »

  • July 8, 2014
  • 05:40 PM
  • 67 views

The importance of joint moments in running injury risk and running economy

by Craig Payne in Running Research Junkie

The importance of joint moments in running injury risk and running economy... Read more »

Lambach, R., Asay, J., Jamison, S., Pan, X., Schmitt, L., Blazek, K., Siston, R., Andriacchi, T., & Chaudhari, A. (2014) Evidence for joint moment asymmetry in healthy populations during gait. Gait . DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.06.010  

  • July 8, 2014
  • 02:17 PM
  • 89 views

Skin Cells and Skin… smells?!

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Yeah we all know that your nose smells. Yawn! Boring I know, this isn’t kindergarten this is Loony Labs! Thankfully that isn’t what I have for you [as much as […]... Read more »

Busse, D., Kudella, P., Grüning, N., Gisselmann, G., Ständer, S., Luger, T., Jacobsen, F., Steinsträßer, L., Paus, R., Gkogkolou, P.... (2014) A Synthetic Sandalwood Odorant Induces Wound Healing Processes in Human Keratinocytes via the Olfactory Receptor OR2AT4. Journal of Investigative Dermatology. DOI: 10.1038/jid.2014.273  

  • July 8, 2014
  • 12:00 PM
  • 84 views

Mathematical Model Helps Identify Gas Hydrate Pockets

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at Rice University have developed a mathematical model that simulates gas hydrate and free gas accumulation under the ocean floor.... Read more »

  • July 8, 2014
  • 11:15 AM
  • 75 views

Millions Lack Level I Trauma Care Access in the U.S.

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Trauma results in 180,000 deaths per year in the U.S. and disproportionately affects children and young adults. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recently published a review highlighting unintentional injury and violence as the leading cause of death in the U.S. for those in the one to 30 year old age group. Additionally, trauma produces significant disability through residual effects such as like that often seen following traumatic brain injury.Trauma centers are hospital-affiliat........ Read more »

Haegerich, T., Dahlberg, L., Simon, T., Baldwin, G., Sleet, D., Greenspan, A., & Degutis, L. (2014) Prevention of injury and violence in the USA. The Lancet, 384(9937), 64-74. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60074-X  

Garwe T, Cowan LD, Neas B, Cathey T, Danford BC, & Greenawalt P. (2010) Survival benefit of transfer to tertiary trauma centers for major trauma patients initially presenting to nontertiary trauma centers. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 17(11), 1223-32. PMID: 21175521  

Bukur M, Felder SI, Singer MB, Ley EJ, Malinoski DJ, Margulies DR, & Salim A. (2013) Trauma center level impacts survival for cirrhotic trauma patients. The journal of trauma and acute care surgery, 74(4), 1133-7. PMID: 23511156  

MacKenzie, E., Weir, S., Rivara, F., Jurkovich, G., Nathens, A., Wang, W., Scharfstein, D., & Salkever, D. (2010) The Value of Trauma Center Care. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 69(1), 1-10. DOI: 10.1097/TA.0b013e3181e03a21  

  • July 8, 2014
  • 09:38 AM
  • 73 views

Sleep May Help the Brain Integrate New Language Skills

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Scientists have understood for decades that the brain is “plastic,” meaning that our neural connections change and adapt in response to new experiences. One factor that seems to play a […]... Read more »

Gaskell, M., Warker, J., Lindsay, S., Frost, R., Guest, J., Snowdon, R., & Stackhouse, A. (2014) Sleep Underpins the Plasticity of Language Production. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797614535937  

  • July 8, 2014
  • 06:56 AM
  • 86 views

Striped Pyjama Squid

by beredim in Strange Animals

Striped Pyjama SquidKingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: MolluscaClass: CephalopodaOrder: SepiidaFamily: SepioloideaGenus: SepioloideaSpecies: Sepioloidea  lineolataConservation Status: Not yet assessedCommon name(s): Striped Pyjama Squid, Striped Dumpling SquidUnlike other strange animals that have been previously featured on the site, it's pretty much obvious why the striped pyjama squid was named this way. Although technically a cuttlefish and not a squid, it does look like it’s wearing strip........ Read more »

  • July 8, 2014
  • 05:25 AM
  • 85 views

Coenzyme Q10 and autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The paper by Frederick Crane and colleagues [1] (open-access here) caught my eye recently and their suggestion that when it comes to autism there may be more research to do on coenzyme Q10. Indeed, the old grey-pinkish matter started grinding into action as to whether there may be a wider research literature on CoQ10 with a focus on autism...A helping hand? @ Wikipedia Coenzyme Q10 otherwise known as ubiquinone, has appeared before on this blog for various reasons (see here and se........ Read more »

Crane FL, Löw H, Sun I, Navas P, & Gvozdjáková A. (2014) Plasma membrane coenzyme Q: evidence for a role in autism. Biologics : targets , 199-205. PMID: 24920882  

  • July 7, 2014
  • 11:27 PM
  • 79 views

The Refs are Biased, Neurologically

by Allison in Dormivigilia

During the last World Cup, a study was published that outlined why the human eye and human perception is fatly at certain angles. ... Read more »

Kranjec A, Lehet M, Bromberger B, Chatterjee A. (2010) A Sinister Bias for Calling Fouls in Soccer. PLoS One, 5(7). info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0011667

  • July 7, 2014
  • 04:09 PM
  • 106 views

Is there such a thing as an anti-depression diet?

by AB Kirk in Stiff Competition

Summary: People who suffer from depression seem to experience more oxidative stress and inflammation than others.  A diet high in anti-oxidants, fermentable fiber and low in saturated and transfats may protect against inflammatory stress in the brain and elsewhere.  More research needed.  The topic is under investigation. Introduction: We recently posted an article about the […]
The post Is there such a thing as an anti-depression diet? appeared first on WODMasters: Stiff Co........ Read more »

Moylan S, Berk M, Dean OM, Samuni Y, Williams LJ, O'Neil A, Hayley AC, Pasco JA, Anderson G, Jacka FN.... (2014) Oxidative . Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews, 46-62. PMID: 24858007  

Maslowski KM, Vieira AT, Ng A, Kranich J, Sierro F, Yu D, Schilter HC, Rolph MS, Mackay F, Artis D.... (2009) Regulation of inflammatory responses by gut microbiota and chemoattractant receptor GPR43. Nature, 461(7268), 1282-6. PMID: 19865172  

Pistell PJ, Morrison CD, Gupta S, Knight AG, Keller JN, Ingram DK, & Bruce-Keller AJ. (2010) Cognitive impairment following high fat diet consumption is associated with brain inflammation. Journal of neuroimmunology, 219(1-2), 25-32. PMID: 20004026  

  • July 7, 2014
  • 03:54 PM
  • 107 views

Transparent Graphite Can Be Used to Make Better Solar Cells

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the University of Maryland Energy Research Center and Monash University, Australia, have used lithium to make a graphite sheet transparent and highly conductive. This new material shows promise for applications in solar cells, flexible displays and touchscreens.... Read more »

  • July 7, 2014
  • 02:09 PM
  • 94 views

Aspiring for a cold shoulder or an existential crisis

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

Recently I wrote about how when someone gives you the cold shoulder, it may actually make you feel cold. On the bright side, there may be a cure, and it’s not just bundling up against the chill. Tylenol does more than treat headaches and muscle aches; it also works on purely emotional pains.... Read more »

Dewall CN, Macdonald G, Webster GD, Masten CL, Baumeister RF, Powell C, Combs D, Schurtz DR, Stillman TF, Tice DM.... (2010) Acetaminophen reduces social pain: Behavioral and neural evidence. Psychological Science, 21(7), 931-937. PMID: 20548058  

  • July 7, 2014
  • 01:27 PM
  • 118 views

Staying up late? You’re going Crazy

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

All night cram sessions, anyone in college has probably had more than just a few of these [okay maybe only if you are a procrastinator like me]. If you have […]... Read more »

  • July 7, 2014
  • 12:04 PM
  • 98 views

The Bone-house Wasp

by sedeer in Inspiring Science

The newly discovered Bone-house wasp, Deuteragenia ossarium, builds a unique nest for its young. Unlike species which excavate their own …Continue reading →... Read more »

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