Post List

  • July 10, 2014
  • 11:19 AM
  • 104 views

Haha, kkkk, 555, LOL, jaja: Globalization Through Internet Jokes

by Nura Rutten in United Academics

In a recent article from Shifman, Levy and Thelwall, internet jokes are found to serve as an important and powerful agent of globalization and americanization. To research the role of internet jokes, they look at the concept of “user-generated globalization”, where internet users are the focal points through which user-generated content (in this case jokes) is translated, customized and distributed across the globe.... Read more »

Shifman, L., Levy, H., & Thelwall, M. (2014) Internet Jokes: The Secret Agents of Globalization?. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. DOI: 10.1111/jcc4.12082  

  • July 10, 2014
  • 07:17 AM
  • 118 views

Can a Failed Schizophrenia Drug Prevent PTSD?

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

In the 2000s, enthusiasm was high that a novel class of drugs would reach the market as blockbuster treatments for psychiatric disorders. These drugs act on receptors for a group of neuropeptides known as tachykinins (or neurokinins). These peptides — substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NkA), and neurokinin B (NkB) — function as neurotransmitters or neuromodulators in the central nervous system, but are quite different from the usual monoamines targeted by current psychotropic medications prescr........ Read more »

  • July 10, 2014
  • 05:00 AM
  • 63 views

By treating depression, do we also treat suicidality? The answer is far from straightforward

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

By guest blogger James Coyne.Edgar Allan Poe’s fictional detective C. Auguste Dupin warns against tackling questions that are too complicated to test, but too fascinating to give up. Whether psychotherapy or medication can reduce suicidality is probably such a question. Particularly if we are really interested in whether treatments can reduce attempted suicides, not whether they change patients’ answers in an interview or on a questionnaire.There is no doubt about the clinical and publi........ Read more »

  • July 10, 2014
  • 03:34 AM
  • 97 views

Viral exposure and autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

A whole slew of articles published by Ivan Gentile and colleagues based at the University of Naples (Italy) brought me to writing this post looking at some of the literature on viral exposures and autism. Viruses, in case you didn't know, are some of nature's survivors, infecting host cells and reproducing, onwards hopeful of finding more (un)willing cells/organisms to infect. Humankind have developed various biological defence mechanisms against the viral (and bacterial) onslaught that we all f........ Read more »

Gentile I, Zappulo E, Bonavolta R, Maresca R, Messana T, Buonomo AR, Portella G, Sorrentino R, Settimi A, Pascotto A.... (2014) Prevalence and Titre of Antibodies to Cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr Virus in Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder. In vivo (Athens, Greece), 28(4), 621-626. PMID: 24982232  

Gentile I, Zappulo E, Bonavolta R, Maresca R, Riccio MP, Buonomo AR, Portella G, Vallefuoco L, Settimi A, Pascotto A.... (2014) Prevalence of Herpes Simplex Virus 1 and 2 Antibodies in Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders. In vivo (Athens, Greece), 28(4), 667-671. PMID: 24982239  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 07:33 PM
  • 87 views

The effects of the sole geometry of the On running shoe

by Craig Payne in Running Research Junkie

The effects of the sole geometry of the On running shoe... Read more »

Knoepfli-Lenzin, C., Waech, J., Gülay, T., Schellenberg, F., & Lorenzetti, S. (2014) The influence of a new sole geometry while running. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1-9. DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2014.915421  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 03:43 PM
  • 95 views

Researchers Create Sand-Based Li-Ion Batteries

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside, have developed an inexpensive way to produce sand-based Li-ion batteries.... Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 01:37 PM
  • 117 views

Lose Weight, Live Longer. Simple, Right?

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Suprise! Really this shouldn’t come as a shock, but adults with extreme obesity have increased risks of dying at a younger age from cancer and other complications like stroke, diabetes, heart disease, […]... Read more »

Kitahara, C., Flint, A., Berrington de Gonzalez, A., Bernstein, L., Brotzman, M., MacInnis, R., Moore, S., Robien, K., Rosenberg, P., Singh, P.... (2014) Association between Class III Obesity (BMI of 40–59 kg/m2) and Mortality: A Pooled Analysis of 20 Prospective Studies. PLoS Medicine, 11(7). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001673  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 12:06 PM
  • 89 views

Brain Hippocampus Atrophy in Traumatic Brain Injury

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Understanding the specific brain regions vulnerable to traumatic brain injury (TBI) is important for assessment and intervention research.Two areas of active research include studies of brain white matter using diffusion tensor imaging and assessment of regional brain atrophy using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Two recent MRI studies have suggested the brain hippocampus may be a region of vulnerability to TBI.A Canadian study by Robin Green and colleagues used brain MRI to examine a cohort of........ Read more »

Green RE, Colella B, Maller JJ, Bayley M, Glazer J, & Mikulis DJ. (2014) Scale and pattern of atrophy in the chronic stages of moderate-severe TBI. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 67. PMID: 24744712  

Singh R, Meier TB, Kuplicki R, Savitz J, Mukai I, Cavanagh L, Allen T, Teague TK, Nerio C, Polanski D.... (2014) Relationship of collegiate football experience and concussion with hippocampal volume and cognitive outcomes. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 311(18), 1883-8. PMID: 24825643  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 12:05 PM
  • 116 views

You can do it! Self-talk is more effective when you refer to yourself as You, rather than I

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

We know self-talk can help people's self-control (e.g. "Don't do it!"), and boost their morale (e.g. "Hang in there!") in sporting situations. However, before now, no-one has investigated whether self-talk is more effective depending on whether you refer to yourself in the grammatical first person (i.e. "I can do it!") or the second person (i.e. "You can do it?").Sanda Dolcos and her team first asked 95 psychology undergrads to imagine they were a character in a short story. The charac........ Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 11:32 AM
  • 87 views

TCAS AS PAINKILLERS: PROOF THAT YOU CAN TEACH AN OLD DOG NEW TRICKS

by Emily Lawson in Antisense Science

The creation of a new drug that is safer, more effective, and has fewer side effects than the current treatment surely renders the current treatment obsolete, right? Well, not necessarily.

Take tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) for instance. TCAs are a class of antidepressant that work by blocking the serotonin and noradrenaline transporters, leading to an increase in the amount of serotonin and noradrenaline in the synapse. As the current theory says that depression is caused by low levels of........ Read more »

Sindrup, S., Otto, M., Finnerup, N., & Jensen, T. (2005) Antidepressants in the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain. Basic Clinical Pharmacology Toxicology, 96(6), 399-409. DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-7843.2005.pto_96696601.x  

Bohren Y, Tessier LH, Megat S, Petitjean H, Hugel S, Daniel D, Kremer M, Fournel S, Hein L, Schlichter R.... (2013) Antidepressants suppress neuropathic pain by a peripheral β2-adrenoceptor mediated anti-TNFα mechanism. Neurobiology of disease, 39-50. PMID: 23978467  

Micó JA, Ardid D, Berrocoso E, & Eschalier A. (2006) Antidepressants and pain. Trends in pharmacological sciences, 27(7), 348-54. PMID: 16762426  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 11:19 AM
  • 98 views

Say No to Nocebo: How Doctors Can Keep Patients’ Minds from Making Them Sicker

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

“First, do no harm,” the saying goes, but that might be close to impossible. Just as our expectations can make us feel better, they can also make us feel much worse. This means that how doctors phrase their instructions or introduce new drugs may have a real impact on our health. But some doctors are […]The post Say No to Nocebo: How Doctors Can Keep Patients’ Minds from Making Them Sicker appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 11:00 AM
  • 31 views

Chimp Talk

by Viputheshwar Sitaraman in Draw Science

Learn how to speak chimp with the newly translated language of chimpanzee gestures in non-play context.... Read more »

Hobaiter C, & Byrne RW. (2014) The Meanings of Chimpanzee Gestures. Current biology : CB. PMID: 24998524  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 10:00 AM
  • 13 views

GluA2 receptor ligand-binding domain: The PacMan that makes things happen

by Clay Clark in Biochem Blogs

This semester’s protein journal club topic was on hydrogen deuterium exchange (HDX). We could discuss any paper that used either mass spectrometry (MS) or nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to better understand how an enzyme worked. The paper I discussed focused on how a glutamate receptor’s ligand binding domain (LBD) dynamically interacts with agonists. So let’s […]... Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 09:37 AM
  • 87 views

Video Tip of the Week: Google Genomics, API and GAbrowse

by Mary in OpenHelix

This week’s video tip comes to us from Google–it’s about their participation in the “Global Alliance for Genomics and Health” coalition. Global Alliance is aimed at developing genomic data standards for interoperability, and they’ve been working on creating the framework (some background links below in the references will provide further details). It has over 170 […]... Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 09:21 AM
  • 98 views

Clothing the Dead in Ancient Peru

by Katy Meyers in Bones Don't Lie

Why is clothing on the dead so important? Because what we choose to put on our bodies conveys social meanings about our wealth, our status, and the social groups we […]... Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 09:21 AM
  • 122 views

A Deadly Shot: Heart Attacks During The World Cup

by Nura Rutten in United Academics

Studies show that there is an increase in cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks, at the time of important football matches like the World Cup. Especially penalty shoot-outs can cause a higher number of myocardial infarctions. However, there are also studies that report no significant influence or even a decrease in cardiac emergencies.... Read more »

Mendenhall, M., Ute Wilbert-Lampen, M.D.,, David Leistner, M.D.,, Sonja Greven, M.S.,, Tilmann Pohl, M.D.,, Sebastian Sper,, Christoph Völker,, Denise Güthlin,, Andrea Plasse,, Andreas Knez, M.D.,.... (2008) Cardiovascular Events During World Cup Soccer. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 35(1), 114-115. DOI: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2008.03.028  

Carroll D, Ebrahim S, Tilling K, Macleod J, & Smith GD. (2002) Admissions for myocardial infarction and World Cup football: database survey. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 325(7378), 1439-42. PMID: 12493655  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 08:58 AM
  • 113 views

New Electrochemistry Tech Makes Batteries Last Longer

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the University of Alberta have used a process called induced fluorination to create faster-charging, longer-lasting batteries.... Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 08:30 AM
  • 98 views

Sub-Optimal Choice in Dogs: Cheese or Cheese and Carrot?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Evidence suggests dogs do not always make the best choice. A new study finds that far as food choice is concerned, they use the same heuristic previously demonstrated in humans and monkeys. Photo: Igor Sokolov (breeze) / ShutterstockEarlier research has found that if people are asked to estimate the value of a set of 24 good condition dishes vs a set of 40 dishes (of which 31 are in good condition), they tend to think the former is more valuable. The broken dishes seem to detract ........ Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 08:15 AM
  • 107 views

What’s So Repelling About Repellents?

by Mark Lasbury in As Many Exceptions As Rules

It’s amazing that even though citronella and DEET reduce mosquito bites, we have very little idea of how they work. New research is showing that DEET interacts with olfactory receptors so that chemical attractants are still sensed, but their interpretations are confused. You are still there, but you pretty disappear as far as the mosquito is concerned. Other research shows that one of the co-receptors for olfactory receptors is responsible not only for DEET activity, but also for mosquito ........ Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 54 views

So can you explain how that works in your own words?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We do a lot of pretrial research where complicated processes, inventions, ideas, software, tools, widgets, and other intellectual property ideas are explained. And we do a lot of pretrial research where something that doesn’t seem complicated (like a family estate, for example) gets very complicated, very quickly. We’ve found there are often vocal mock jurors […]

Related posts:
Playing the race card: When it works and why it doesn’t
False Confessions: “No one really does that unl........ Read more »

Fernbach PM, Rogers T, Fox CR, & Sloman SA. (2013) Political extremism is supported by an illusion of understanding. Psychological Science, 24(6), 939-46. PMID: 23620547  

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