Flamingos are pink because of their diet, but greater and lesser flamingos eat different things – and neither food is pink. The spirulina food of the lesser flamingo is a cyanobacterium called Arthospira fusiformis. Unforunately, there have been large die offs in lesser flamingos. Recent research has shown that this may be due to toxic alga blooms and production of toxins even by A. fusiformis. In addition, a newer study has shown that a bacteriophage is responsible for large die offs of A........ Read more »
Peduzzi P, Gruber M, Gruber M, Schagerl M. (2014) The virus's tooth: cyanophages affect an African flamingo population in a bottom-up cascade. ISME J. , 8(6), 1346-1351. info:/
Kotut K, Ballot A, & Krienitz L. (2006) Toxic cyanobacteria and their toxins in standing waters of Kenya: implications for water resource use. Journal of water and health, 4(2), 233-45. PMID: 16813016
A new porous material called CC3 effectively traps radioactive krypton and xenon gases that are released when nuclear fuel is recycled.... Read more »
Chen, L., Reiss, P., Chong, S., Holden, D., Jelfs, K., Hasell, T., Little, M., Kewley, A., Briggs, M., Stephenson, A.... (2014) Separation of rare gases and chiral molecules by selective binding in porous organic cages. Nature Materials. DOI: 10.1038/nmat4035
Normally bigger objects weigh more; breaking this rule provokes illusory perceptionsVisual illusions are useful to psychologists because, by tricking the brain, they provide clues about how it works. The same is true for weight illusions, it's just that they're far less well known. Now Gavin Buckingham at Heriot-Watt University has published a handy review of weight illusions, and he explores some of the thinking about their likely causes.Among the most studied is known as the "size-weight illus........ Read more »
Buckingham, G. (2014) Getting a grip on heaviness perception: a review of weight illusions and their probable causes. Experimental Brain Research, 232(6), 1623-1629. DOI: 10.1007/s00221-014-3926-9
I want to talk about the findings from Ho and colleagues  today, and in particular their observation of: "differences in gastrointestinal responses in some adult humans consuming milk containing beta-casein of either the A1 or the A2 beta-casein type". If you're wondering why such a paper finds it's way on to a blog predominantly about autism research, well stay with me on this rather long blogging entry...Start your engines... @ Wikipedia Before progressing, I am going to put a sor........ Read more »
Ho, S., Woodford, K., Kukuljan, S., & Pal, S. (2014) Comparative effects of A1 versus A2 beta-casein on gastrointestinal measures: a blinded randomised cross-over pilot study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2014.127
Evidence has accumulated over the last couple of decades of the association between attendance at Alcoholics Anonymous and improved drinking outcomes, including abstinence. AA is sometimes seen as an organisation that is better suited to older drinkers seeking sobriety than to folk under thirty, though there are in fact young people’s meetings in various large [...]
The post Does AA work for young people? appeared first on Recovery Review.
... Read more »
Hoeppner, B., Hoeppner, S., & Kelly, J. (2014) Do young people benefit from AA as much, and in the same ways, as adult aged 30 ? A moderated multiple mediation analysis. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.07.023
Female mentors/role models who are successfully maintaining work-life balance are critical to the success and retention of quality female athletic trainers at the NCAA Division I level.... Read more »
Eason, C., Mazerolle, S., & Goodman, A. (2014) Motherhood and Work–Life Balance in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Setting: Mentors and the Female Athletic Trainer. Journal of Athletic Training, 2147483647. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-49.3.03
Research in California has re-opened the ancient medical texts by identifying factors in the blood of young adult mice that may slow the rate of neurodegeneration in aged mice. Even Steven Colbert digs it. ... Read more »
Villeda, S., Plambeck, K., Middeldorp, J., Castellano, J., Mosher, K., Luo, J., Smith, L., Bieri, G., Lin, K., Berdnik, D.... (2014) Young blood reverses age-related impairments in cognitive function and synaptic plasticity in mice. Nature Medicine, 20(6), 659-663. DOI: 10.1038/nm.3569
There is an excellent review article by Dr. Bentley Bobrow and Dr. Gordon Ewy on the best management of sudden cardiac arrest from the bystander to the ICU (Intensive Care Unit).
They point out something that we tend to resist learning. Cardiac arrest that is not due to respiratory causes does not need respiratory treatment. A person who is unresponsive and gasping is exhibiting signs of cardiac arrest, not signs of respiratory problems.... Read more »
Ewy, G., & Bobrow, B. (2014) Cardiocerebral Resuscitation: An Approach to Improving Survival of Patients With Primary Cardiac Arrest. Journal of Intensive Care Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0885066614544450
It is one of the basic findings of decades of research in bilingual education that language submersion is not a productive way to educate minority students. ‘Language submersion’ refers to a situation where students are made to study exclusively through … Continue reading →... Read more »
Green, J. (2014) The effect of English proficiency and ethnicity on academic performance and progress. Advances in Health Sciences Education. DOI: 10.1007/s10459-014-9523-7
Trying to drop the weight, but find yourself picking up more of it? Is your diet failing because you are so hungry you could eat a horse? Well a new […]... Read more »
Li SS, Kendall CW, de Souza RJ, Jayalath VH, Cozma AI, Ha V, Mirrahimi A, Chiavaroli L, Augustin LS, Blanco Mejia S.... (2014) Dietary pulses, satiety and food intake: A systematic review and meta-analysis of acute feeding trials. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 22(8), 1773-80. PMID: 24820437
Researchers at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) of the University of Luxembourg have grafted neurons reprogrammed from skin cells into the brains of mice for the first time with long-term stability. Six months after implantation, the neurons had become fully functionally integrated into the brain.This successful, lastingly stable, implantation of neurons raises hope for future therapies that will replace sick neurons with healthy ones in the brains of Parkinson's disease ........ Read more »
Hemmer, K., Zhang, M., van Wüllen, T., Sakalem, M., Tapia, N., Baumuratov, A., Kaltschmidt, C., Kaltschmidt, B., Schöler, H., Zhang, W.... (2014) Induced Neural Stem Cells Achieve Long-Term Survival and Functional Integration in the Adult Mouse Brain. Stem Cell Reports. DOI: 10.1016/j.stemcr.2014.06.017
Despite improvements in therapy, only one out of every two adult patients survive acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). The mean survival time for this disease, which predominantly occurs in the elderly, is less than a year for patients over 65 years. It is assumed that leukaemic stem cells, which cannot be completely eliminated during treatment, are the origin of relapse. However, as has been discovered by a team of Frankfurt-based researchers, these cells do have a weakness: In the current edition o........ Read more »
Roos J, Oancea C, Heinssmann M, Khan D, Held H, Kahnt AS, Capelo R, la Buscato E, Proschak E, Puccetti E.... (2014) 5-lipoxygenase is a candidate target for therapeutic management of stem cell-like cells in acute myeloid leukemia. Cancer research. PMID: 25082812
Here’s an experiment that’s easy to do on your own. Grab the nearest elementary- or middle-school-age kid, sit her down in a quiet place, and ask her to name everything she can think of that’s alive. The results might tell you a lot about your young subject’s life. The wilder the animals, the more domestic […]The post Kids Name the Darnedest Animals appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »
Taverna, A., Moscoloni, N., Peralta, O., Medin, D., & Waxman, S. (2014) Naming the Living Things: Linguistic, Experiential and Cultural Factors in Wichí and Spanish Speaking Children. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 14(3-4), 213-233. DOI: 10.1163/15685373-12342122
Check out the video. It is a short demonstration of the so-called attentional blink. Whenever you try to spot the two letters in the rapid sequence you’ll miss the second one. This effect is so robust that generations of Psychology undergraduates learned about it. And then came music and changed everything. Test your own […]... Read more »
Large, E., & Jones, M. (1999) The dynamics of attending: How people track time-varying events. Psychological Review, 106(1), 119-159. DOI: 10.1037//0033-295X.106.1.119
Olivers, C., & Nieuwenhuis, S. (2005) The Beneficial Effect of Concurrent Task-Irrelevant Mental Activity on Temporal Attention. Psychological Science, 16(4), 265-269. DOI: 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2005.01526.x
Image: wikipediaWhy was Darth Vader such a bad dude? According to a team of psychologists led by Peter Jonason, it's down to his lack of parental care: the fact he was separated from his mother at age 9, and his father's absence. The researchers believe such circumstances can catalyse the emergence of the Dark Triad of personality traits: Machiavellianism, Narcissism and Psychopathy. These traits are usually seen as negative, but Jonason and his colleagues believe they may be an adaptive respons........ Read more »
Jonason, P., Lyons, M., & Bethell, E. (2014) The making of Darth Vader: Parent–child care and the Dark Triad. Personality and Individual Differences, 30-34. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2013.10.006
"BD [bipolar disorder] in AS [Asperger syndrome] patients is frequent, usually it onsets during adolescence and is often characterized by atypical presentation, making its correct identification particularly difficult".Maybe I'm better suited as a brunette? @ WikipediaThat was the primary finding reported by Vannucchi and colleagues  based on their systematic review of the relevant peer-reviewed research literature in this area. They found that the prevalence of BD ranged ........ Read more »
Vannucchi G, Masi G, Toni C, Dell׳Osso L, Erfurth A, & Perugi G. (2014) Bipolar disorder in adults with Asperger׳s Syndrome: A systematic review. Journal of affective disorders, 151-160. PMID: 25046741
The effects of shoes and barefoot on postural stability... Read more »
Zech, A., Argubi-Wollesen, A., & Rahlf, A. (2014) Minimalist, standard and no footwear on static and dynamic postural stability following jump landing. European Journal of Sport Science, 1-7. DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2014.936322
Scholars on both sides of the science-humanities divide have been known to feel that their counterparts just don’t think in the same way. But could it be that their brains are actually different? Yes, it could, say Japanese neuroscientists Hikaru Takeuchi and colleagues, who have just published a paper about Brain structures in the sciences […]The post Do Sciences and Humanities Students’ Brains Differ? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
A mutation in the BRAF gene, called V599E, is purportedly the cause of several different cell pathways leading to the symptoms of melanoma. This mutation is present in many patients with melanoma, and stopping it could mean a cure or treatment.... Read more »
Hingorani SR, Jacobetz MA, Robertson GP, Herlyn M, & Tuveson DA. (2003) Suppression of BRAF(V599E) in human melanoma abrogates transformation. Cancer research, 63(17), 5198-202. PMID: 14500344
Exposure to scenes of natural beauty increases prosocial behaviours.... Read more »
Rodney Steadman. (2014) Nature Helps. Gravity's Pull. info:/
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