The relationship between personality and political preferences is not the simple relation between conservatism and negative personality traits on the one hand and liberalism and positive personality traits on the other hand. Personality is understood as the combination of innate dispositions and personal experiences that guides behavior in a stable and predictive manner. Behavior is [...]
Related posts:Maturation of Personality in Adolescence Haven’t written about adolescence for some ........ Read more »
Verhulst, B., Hatemi, P., & Martin, N. (2009) The nature of the relationship between personality traits and political attitudes. Personality and Individual Differences. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2009.11.013
A new study in Estonia finds that reductions in power plant emissions can allow degraded bogs to naturally self-restore. Since the 1950s power plants in northeast Estonia have emitted thousands of tons of calcium-rich fly ash along with other atmospheric pollutants. These emissions have caused substantial pH increases in bogs and the addition of various chemicals leading to a widespread disappearance of Sphagnum mosses in favor of other plants adapted to neutral or alkaline soil conditions.... Read more »
Paal, J., Vellak, K., Liira, J., & Karofeld, E. (2009) Bog Recovery in Northeastern Estonia after the Reduction of Atmospheric Pollutant Input. Restoration Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2009.00608.x
No more pain (no more pain)No more pain (no more pain)No drama (no more drama in my life, no ones gonna make me hurt again)No more in my lifeNo More Drama-----Mary J. BligeWomen who are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) can suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), cognitive impairments (Twamley et al., 2009), and alterations in brain activity when anticipating aversive or threatening events (Simmons et al., 2008).In a neuroimaging study, 15 women with IPV-related PTSD were co........ Read more »
SIMMONS, A., PAULUS, M., THORP, S., MATTHEWS, S., NORMAN, S., & STEIN, M. (2008) Functional Activation and Neural Networks in Women with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Related to Intimate Partner Violence. Biological Psychiatry, 64(8), 681-690. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.05.027
TWAMLEY, E., ALLARD, C., THORP, S., NORMAN, S., HAMI CISSELL, S., HUGHES BERARDI, K., GRIMES, E., & STEIN, M. (2009) Cognitive impairment and functioning in PTSD related to intimate partner violence. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 15(06), 879. DOI: 10.1017/S135561770999049X
Last week I gave a talk to some students at the School of Politics and International Studies (POLIS), at the University of Leeds. I've been an honorary Visiting Research Fellow with POLIS since April 2006, and it's a rare occasion when I'm actually on-site. In fact, this was only the second time, the first being a talk I gave in late 2007. Then, I was still a serving staff officer with NATO, and my talk was about a book I'd just published. This time, I was speaking as an acad........ Read more »
Eckl, J. (2008) "Responsible Scholarship After Leaving the Veranda: Normative Issues Faced by Field Researchers-and Armchair Scientists." . International Political Sociology, 2(3), 185-203. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-5687.2008.00044.x
There’s a variety of things insects do that could rightly be considered tool use. Some ants will drop liquid in sand and carry the sand to the nest. Others will use their larvae to construct their leaf-houses…they essentially use their children as oversized glue-guns. If you live in Iowa, those big black wasps which you see flitting around on flowers (Sphecid wasps of the genus Sphex, which are understandably confused with Pompillids) will actually close their nests by pounding them........ Read more »
Singer MS, Mace KC, & Bernays EA. (2009) Self-medication as adaptive plasticity: increased ingestion of plant toxins by parasitized caterpillars. PloS one, 4(3). PMID: 19274098
Is the research community doing as much as it might to extract value from the diversity in life span amongst mammals? Certainly there are those scientist who would like to be engaged in a great deal more sequencing and biochemical deciphering of long-lived animals. But on the whole, I think that less is taking place in this area of study than might be. See this paper from a noted gerontologist, for example: As impressive as the accomplishments of modern molecular biologists have been in finding ........ Read more »
Austad SN. (2009) Methusaleh's Zoo: How Nature provides us with Clues for Extending Human Health Span. Journal of comparative pathology. PMID: 19962715_id
Does high-throughput synthetic practices have failed the drug discovery efforts by steering them toward greater unsaturation leading to more flat aromatic compounds those may not be better complement to the target proteins? Yes at least that's what Frank Lovering and others are suggesting. In a recent article published in Journal of Medicinal Chemistry Lovering et. al highlight lack of molecular complexity as key limitation of high-throughput parallel synthesis driven drug discovery efforts. I........ Read more »
Lovering, F., Bikker, J., & Humblet, C. (2009) Escape from Flatland: Increasing Saturation as an Approach to Improving Clinical Success. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 52(21), 6752-6756. DOI: 10.1021/jm901241e
Protected areas tend to be located on less vulnerable land
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Joppa, L., & Pfaff, A. (2009) High and Far: Biases in the Location of Protected Areas. PLoS ONE, 4(12). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008273
MEMORY is one of the biggest enduring mysteries of modern neuroscience, and has perhaps been researchered more intensively than any other aspect of brain function. The past few decades have yielded a great deal of knowledge about the cellular and molecular mechanisms of memory, and it is now widely believed that memories are formed as a result of biochemical changes which ultimately lead to the strengthening of connections between nerve cells.
However, it is also clear that memories are not enco........ Read more »
Chen, G., Wang, L., & Tsien, J. (2009) Neural Population-Level Memory Traces in the Mouse Hippocampus. PLoS ONE, 4(12). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008256
Figure 1: Ron Mallett. (Source: UConn Advance) Ron Mallett wants to build a time machine. He's wanted to build one for a long time, ever since his father died of a heart attack when Mallett was 10 years old. Since...... Read more »
Mallett, Ronald L. (2003) The Gravitational Field of a Circulating Light Beam. Foundations of Physics, 33(9), 1307-1314. DOI: 10.1023/A:1025689110828
Routinely, I enjoy crapping on the common biological explanations of various mental illnesses (e.g., monoamine hypothesis). However, this does not mean that I do not believe in the importance biology plays in the development of mental illness.To say that a specific mental illness is the result of a "chemical imbalance" or one "bad gene" is ridiculous. The problem with biological explanations of mental illness is that they neglect the psycho/social aspects of illness development (they are also po........ Read more »
Lupien, S., McEwen, B., Gunnar, M., & Heim, C. (2009) Effects of stress throughout the lifespan on the brain, behaviour and cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10(6), 434-445. DOI: 10.1038/nrn2639
Octopuses using coconut shells has been all over the web the last couple of days due to the publication today of a new paper by Finn and colleagues. The title is helping generate the attention: tool use.
This is a cool finding, but it is not as path-breaking as one might think.
First, the authors do note that there have been possible cases of tool use in invertebrates besides octopuses, but argue that other cases are too context-specific to be “real” tool use.
Second, this is not........ Read more »
Mather, J. (1994) ‘Home’ choice and modification by juvenile Octopus vulgaris (Mollusca: Cephalopoda): specialized intelligence and tool use?. Journal of Zoology, 233(3), 359-368. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1994.tb05270.x
Do you look younger than your age? If so you have reasons to cheer! According to a new study as per Kaare et al, the perceived age is directly related to the actual ageing and inversely related to your telomere length.
It is well established that telomere length is a good indicator of ageing and also plays a crucial role in [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast)
Related posts:IQ variations across time and space : the why and wherefore? Mind Hacks has two posts on IQ: one........ Read more »
Christensen, K., Thinggaard, M., McGue, M., Rexbye, H., Hjelmborg, J., Aviv, A., Gunn, D., van der Ouderaa, F., & Vaupel, J. (2009) Perceived age as clinically useful biomarker of ageing: cohort study. BMJ, 339(dec11 2). DOI: 10.1136/bmj.b5262
An article just published to Nature has turned the world of evolutionary biology topsy-turvy!Or, so they’d like us to believe…The paper’s authors Chris Venditti, Andrew Meade and Mark Pagel have devised a new model that shows that evolution is not driven by natural selection or through the accumulative effects of random genetic drift. Rather than incremental and gradual change, their study suggests that the vast bulk of speciation results from rare stochastic events. They call this new the........ Read more »
An article just published to Nature has turned the world of evolutionary biology topsy-turvy!
Or, so they’d like us to believe…
The paper’s authors Chris Venditti, Andrew Meade and Mark Pagel have devised a new model that shows that evolution is not driven by natural selection or through the accumulative effects of random genetic drift. Rather than incremental and gradual change... Read more »
I have been fearful of molecular biology for most of my life. This is partially because I so clearly defined myself as an ecologist that I partitioned molecules into “little biology” and out of my range. But mostly it was a fear of what I considered unnatural. Scientists who play around with chemicals and [...]... Read more »
Atabakhsh, E., Bryce, D., Lefebvre, K., & Schild-Poulter, C. (2009) RanBPM Has Proapoptotic Activities That Regulate Cell Death Pathways in Response to DNA Damage. Molecular Cancer Research. DOI: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-09-0098
A new paper in the Norwegian journal Viking offers exciting news about two less-well-known ship burials from the Avaldsnes area in Rogaland on the country's west coast. Being poorly preserved, they have been difficult to date. Bonde & Stylegar now show with dendrochronology that these are the earliest dendro-dated ship burials in Norway!... Read more »
Niels Bonde . (2009) Fra Avaldsnes til Oseberg. Dendrokronologiske undersøkelser av skipsgravene fra Storhaug og Grønhaug. Viking : tidsskrift for norrøn arkeologi, 149-168. info:/
When it comes to anonymity in cyberspace is there way to balance privacy and security?
The option to remain anonymous on the Internet is critical to the concept of free speech. However, anonymous activity may also represent a security risk given that the tools needed to ensure anonymity might also be used for malicious or criminal [...]Post from: David Bradley's Sciencetext Tech TalkBalancing anonymity, privacy and security
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Mohamed Chawki. (2010) Anonymity in cyberspace: finding the balance between privacy and security . Int. J. Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, 9(3), 183-199. info:/
If you're hoping to increase your online appeal to the opposite sex, you might want to consider where on the screen you place your photo. A study that's in press at Social Cognition has shown that women rate men's photos as more attractive when they're placed near the top of the screen. By contrast, men rate women's photos as more attractive when they're located near the bottom of the screen.Brian Meier and Sarah Dionne say their finding can be understood in terms of 'embodied' or 'grounded cogn........ Read more »
BP Meier, & S Dionne. (2010) Downright sexy: Verticality, implicit power and attractiveness. Social Cognition. info:/
Previously we discussed the neurobiology of falling in love. But this is only the beginning, the process of attraction followed by the attachment process. This process can develop and last for a while or in some cases for ever. Biologically is falling in love the first step in pair formation.
Falling in love is more accompanied [...]
Related posts:The Neurobiology of Falling in Love Falling in love is the most overwhelming of all...Love is Great for Creativity, Sex for Analytical Thinking M........ Read more »
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