Post List

  • August 11, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 2 views

OCD Linked With Broad Impairments in Executive Function

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), characterized by intrusive and persistent thoughts that are often accompanied by repetitive or ritualized acts, is a serious clinical disorder that can significantly impact a person’s ability […]... Read more »

  • August 11, 2014
  • 08:00 AM
  • 138 views

Weather Vs. Climate In Global Warming

by Mark E. Lasbury in The 'Scope

Last winter was horrible, and this summer has been mild – so global warming must not be real. This is the thought process for many people, but it points out the confusion between climate and weather. Climate is the average weather for a place over a given period, while weather is what you get day to day. New research is showing that climate change is causing more intense hurricanes - but is the number changing? Recent studies land on both sides of the issue.... Read more »

  • August 11, 2014
  • 07:14 AM
  • 105 views

A Wrinkly Purpose

by Bernadeta Dadonaite in The Question Gene

On what makes our fingers wrinkle in water... Read more »

  • August 11, 2014
  • 07:04 AM
  • 123 views

Do infant dummies (pacifiers) impede the emotional connection between adult and baby?

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Dummies (known as pacifiers in the US) can calm a crying baby in seconds, so their appeal is obvious. However, a new study warns there could be a price to pay. Magdalena Rychlowska and her colleagues claim that because dummies obscure babies' faces, they interfere with the way that adults respond to babies' emotions.The researchers used electrodes to record the facial muscles of 29 women (average age 21; two of them were mothers) while they looked at photographs of two young babies expressing ha........ Read more »

Rychlowska, M., Korb, S., Brauer, M., Droit-Volet, S., Augustinova, M., Zinner, L., & Niedenthal, P. (2014) Pacifiers Disrupt Adults’ Responses to Infants’ Emotions. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 36(4), 299-308. DOI: 10.1080/01973533.2014.915217  

  • August 11, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 107 views

Simple Jury Persuasion: When your Muslim female client wears a head-covering

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We’ve written a number of times about bias against Muslims. But here’s a nice article with an easy to incorporate finding on how to reduce bias against your female client who wears a Muslim head-covering. (In case you have forgotten, we’ve already written about head-coverings for the Muslim man.) The graphic illustrating this post shows […]

Related posts:
Simple Jury Persuasion: Tilt your head. (no kidding)
Simple Jury Persuasion: In the face of ambiguity, we just make stuff up!
S........ Read more »

  • August 11, 2014
  • 05:56 AM
  • 118 views

Taste Isn’t Just For The Tongue

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

Taste is one of our five basic senses, and every child is taught that you use the tongue to taste things. But science is proving that many other tissues can taste what you ingest.... Read more »

Mosinger B, Redding KM, Parker MR, Yevshayeva V, Yee KK, Dyomina K, Li Y, & Margolskee RF. (2013) Genetic loss or pharmacological blockade of testes-expressed taste genes causes male sterility. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(30), 12319-24. PMID: 23818598  

  • August 11, 2014
  • 03:43 AM
  • 121 views

Risk of neurodevelopmental disorder in cases of hypospadias

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"This is the first study to identify an increased risk for neurodevelopmental disorders in patients with hypospadias, as well as an increased risk for ASD [autism spectrum disorders] in their brothers, suggesting a common familial (genetic and/or environmental) liability".Rainy days and Mondays... @ Wikipedia That was the conclusion reached in the study by Agnieszka Butwicka and colleagues [1] looking at various neurodevelopmental outcomes associated with a diagnosis of ........ Read more »

Butwicka A, Lichtenstein P, Landén M, Nordenvall AS, Nordenström A, Nordenskjöld A, & Frisén L. (2014) Hypospadias and increased risk for neurodevelopmental disorders. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines. PMID: 25048198  

  • August 11, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 142 views

Emergency Room Visits for Sports Injuries

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Take Home Message: Sports-related injuries among teenagers accounts for over 430,000 emergency room visits in the United States in 2008 and represent a significant financial burden to the healthcare system.

Sports-related injuries in teenagers result in a significant number of emergency room visits, which can result in relatively large direct costs. However, little is known about national estimates of how many emergency room visits actually occur as well as the direct costs affiliated ........ Read more »

Nalliah RP, Anderson IM, Lee MK, Rampa S, Allareddy V, & Allareddy V. (2014) Epidemiology of Hospital-Based Emergency Department Visits Due to Sports Injuries. Pediatric Emergency Care, 30(8), 511-515. PMID: 25062295  

  • August 10, 2014
  • 07:01 PM
  • 133 views

“You’re all going to hate the word ‘recovery’”

by DJMac in Recovery Review

One of the problems with an aspirational and non-prescriptive definition of recovery is that it is hard to measure. The definitions most commonly featured in the literature share some elements including wellbeing or health, abstinence and citizenship. Clearly if you can’t define it precisely, then it’s hard to commission services to deliver on it. In [...]
The post “You’re all going to hate the word ‘recovery’” appeared first on Recovery Review.
... Read more »

  • August 10, 2014
  • 12:03 PM
  • 153 views

Pregnancy and Antibacterial Soap a Potentially Dangerous Combination

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

My wife likes to sanitize everything with bleach. I don’t really approve, but I bite my tongue because it makes her feel better. Germs are everywhere and honestly there is […]... Read more »

Pycke BF, Geer LA, Dalloul M, Abulafia O, Jenck AM, & Halden RU. (2014) Human biomonitoring of prenatal exposure to triclosan and triclocarban in a multiethnic urban population from Brooklyn, New York. Environmental Science , 8831-8838. info:/10.1021/es501100w

  • August 10, 2014
  • 05:18 AM
  • 162 views

Canine Science Forum 2014 - we come full circle!

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Aw - it's Us @ CSF2014! Thanks Tamás Faragó :)Dear Julie,while you've been off enjoying the fjords of Norway and I've been recovering from six legs of long haul flying with a three year old as hand luggage, I thought I'd put up a quick post to recap the wonderful week in Lincoln, UK that was the (Feline and) Canine Science Forum 2014.Such a fun, stimulating, inspiring week comprising the Feline Science day (Monday), public lecture by James Serpell (rhymes with purple) on Monday ........ Read more »

  • August 10, 2014
  • 01:30 AM
  • 132 views

Reducing Risk and Creating More Resilient Supply Chains

by Andreas Wieland in Supply Chain Management Research

That does a supply chain risk researcher’s heart good: MIT Sloan Management Review has recently published two interesting case studies about the interface between risk and supply chain management. First, in the magazine’s spring issue, Chopra and Sodhi call attention to a dilemma faced by most managers: “Solutions to reduce risk mean little unless they […]... Read more »

Chopra, S., & Sodhi, M.S. (2014) Reducing the Risk of Supply Chain Disruptions. MIT Sloan Management Review. info:/

  • August 9, 2014
  • 01:45 PM
  • 415 views

Marijuana and the Developing Brain

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

You can’t get away from it, the big marijuana debate here in the US. Is it good? Is it bad? What are other countries doing? There are also a lot of claims made about marijuana, most of which aren’t true, namely the big medical claims. Then there is the other side of that fence, what about some of the health issues that are claimed, where does science sit on that?[…]... Read more »

Giedd JN, Blumenthal J, Jeffries NO, Rajapakse JC, Vaituzis AC, Liu H, Berry YC, Tobin M, Nelson J, & Castellanos FX. (1999) Development of the human corpus callosum during childhood and adolescence: a longitudinal MRI study. Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology , 23(4), 571-88. PMID: 10390717  

Giedd, J. N. (2004) Structural magnetic resonance imaging of the adolescent brain. Adolescent Brain Development: Vulnerabilities and Opportunities. info:/

Choo EK, Benz M, Zaller N, Warren O, Rising KL, & McConnell KJ. (2014) The impact of state medical marijuana legislation on adolescent marijuana use. The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 55(2), 160-6. PMID: 24742758  

Joffe A, American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Substance Abuse, & American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Adolescence. (2004) Legalization of marijuana: potential impact on youth. Pediatrics, 113(6), 1825-6. PMID: 15173518  

  • August 9, 2014
  • 12:46 PM
  • 162 views

Terminal Lucidity: Myth, Mystery or Miracle?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

Can sick people gain mental clarity just before they die? University of Virginia researchers Michael Nahm and Bruce Greyson explore this issue in a gripping (if macabre) paper published in the journal Omega: The death of Anna Katharina Ehmer: a case study in terminal lucidity.The authors discuss the case of Anna Katharina Ehmer, a German […]The post Terminal Lucidity: Myth, Mystery or Miracle? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

  • August 8, 2014
  • 06:58 PM
  • 154 views

Coronavirus structural proteins and ER stress

by thelonevirologist in Virology Tidbits

The accumulation of viral proteins at the ER during an infection can induce ER stress as outlined before via three main pathways, PERK, ATF6, and IRE1, which are commonly refereed to as the unfolded Protein Response (UPR) or ER stress response. This response results in the transcriptional activation of genes encoding for ER chaperones, increasing autophagy, or regulating apoptosis.
Coronaviruses are no exception. Both structural and non-structural proteins localise to the ER - followed by the f........ Read more »

Liu DX, Fung TS, Chong KK, Shukla A, & Hilgenfeld R. (2014) Accessory proteins of SARS-CoV and other coronaviruses. Antiviral research, 97-109. PMID: 24995382  

Voss D, Pfefferle S, Drosten C, Stevermann L, Traggiai E, Lanzavecchia A, & Becker S. (2009) Studies on membrane topology, N-glycosylation and functionality of SARS-CoV membrane protein. Virology journal, 79. PMID: 19534833  

Müller MA, van der Hoek L, Voss D, Bader O, Lehmann D, Schulz AR, Kallies S, Suliman T, Fielding BC, Drosten C.... (2010) Human coronavirus NL63 open reading frame 3 encodes a virion-incorporated N-glycosylated membrane protein. Virology journal, 6. PMID: 20078868  

Arbely E, Khattari Z, Brotons G, Akkawi M, Salditt T, & Arkin IT. (2004) A highly unusual palindromic transmembrane helical hairpin formed by SARS coronavirus E protein. Journal of molecular biology, 341(3), 769-79. PMID: 15288785  

DeDiego ML, Nieto-Torres JL, Jiménez-Guardeño JM, Regla-Nava JA, Alvarez E, Oliveros JC, Zhao J, Fett C, Perlman S, & Enjuanes L. (2011) Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus envelope protein regulates cell stress response and apoptosis. PLoS pathogens, 7(10). PMID: 22028656  

  • August 8, 2014
  • 06:00 PM
  • 127 views

Psychiatry and inflammation (again)

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I'd like to bring two papers to your attention in today's very quick post."The Death Star plans are not in the main computer"First up is the article by Kahn & Sommer [1] (open-access) titled: 'The neurobiology and treatment of first-episode schizophrenia'. It's about as good a read as we have so far on the topic of "brain changes in the first phase of schizophrenia" and the various management options for first-episode schizophrenia. Outside of the very important fact that "It is highly unlik........ Read more »

  • August 8, 2014
  • 03:36 PM
  • 195 views

The Self Assembling Brain

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Let’s face it, if the brain were a lego set I would still be staring at the box wondering what I got myself into. So I guess we can just […]... Read more »

Lorenzo I. Finci et. al. (2014) The Crystal Structure of Netrin-1 in Complex with DCC Reveals the Bifunctionality of Netrin-1 As a Guidance Cue. Neuron. info:/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2014.07.010

  • August 8, 2014
  • 12:13 PM
  • 96 views

Melanoma, UV radiation, and TP53

by Aurelie in Coffee break Science

It’s summer, and time to get some tan. Many people flock to beaches and parks and expose as much skin as possible, bathing in sunlight – and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Over the past decades, public health campaigns have rather successfully … Continue reading →... Read more »

Viros A, Sanchez-Laorden B, Pedersen M, Furney SJ, Rae J, Hogan K, Ejiama S, Girotti MR, Cook M, Dhomen N.... (2014) Ultraviolet radiation accelerates BRAF-driven melanomagenesis by targeting TP53. Nature, 511(7510), 478-82. PMID: 24919155  

  • August 8, 2014
  • 11:08 AM
  • 35 views

Pictures Considered #19. The Basal End of Bacterial Flagella

by Moselio Schaechter in Small Things Considered

by Elio | The end of bacterial flagella that is near the cell is a marvel of mechanical miniaturization — a molecular wheel that turns, just like the axle of a car. The assembly consists of a stator, the part that holds it in place, and a rotor, the part that…... Read more »

  • August 8, 2014
  • 10:27 AM
  • 131 views

It Only Takes Six Generations to Turn a Brown Butterfly Purple

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

Evolution can seem like a slow way to get things done. It took more than a billion years for Earth’s life forms to try having more than one cell. In the famous March of Progress illustration showing an ape becoming an upright human, you can almost hear the stoop-shouldered cave guy in the middle groaning, “Hurry […]The post It Only Takes Six Generations to Turn a Brown Butterfly Purple appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Wasik, B., Liew, S., Lilien, D., Dinwiddie, A., Noh, H., Cao, H., & Monteiro, A. (2014) Artificial selection for structural color on butterfly wings and comparison with natural evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1402770111  

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