Quantum laws loom ever larger in physical world as new research finds quantum phenomena in effect on a molecular level... Read more »
University of Cambridge. (2013) Movement of pyrrole molecules defy ‘classical’ physics. University of Cambridge Research News. info:/
All you need is love. Or failing that chocolate.And not only because dark chocolate could lower the risk of heart disease, blood pressure and sugar levels. As Dr. Schieberle's team recently discovered that heart could sense and enjoy the sweet smell of chocolate too. When they put small odor-emitting molecules from chocolate on one side of a dish, cells actually moved towards the aroma.The heart, the lungs, the blood, the sperm and testis all have the abilities to recognize chemicals responsible........ Read more »
Feldmesser E, Olender T, Khen M, Yanai I, Ophir R, & Lancet D. (2006) Widespread ectopic expression of olfactory receptor genes. BMC genomics, 121. PMID: 16716209
Schieberle P, & Molyneux RJ. (2012) Quantitation of sensory-active and bioactive constituents of food: A Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry perspective. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 60(10), 2404-8. PMID: 22369090
He saw respected journals getting hijacked, bogus articles being published quasi-professionally and so-called open access websites covered with “BUY NOW” buttons. So librarian Jeffrey Beall decided to do something about it. He created a black list of all the journals (343!) he thinks are questionable and put it on his website scholaryoa.com. In this interview he explains why.... Read more »
Researchers from the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) found that two approaches to breaking down cell walls of biomass, if used together, are more effective than either method alone.... Read more »
Resch, M., Donohoe, B., Baker, J., Decker, S., Bayer, E., Beckham, G., & Himmel, M. (2013) Fungal cellulases and complexed cellulosomal enzymes exhibit synergistic mechanisms in cellulose deconstruction. Energy . DOI: 10.1039/C3EE00019B
Researchers at the Yale School of Medicine have figured out how to measure an infant’s risk of developing autism by looking for abnormalities in his/her placenta at birth, allowing for earlier diagnosis and treatment for the developmental disorder.... Read more »
Karen N. Peart. (2013) Autism risk spotted at birth in abnormal placentas. Yale News. info:/
What are you saying with your smells? Image by freedigitalphotos.net.Animals communicate in all kinds of ways: with vocalizations, body language, vibrations, and even odors. In fact, compared to most species, we are pathetic in our abilities to communicate with body odor. With just a whiff of eau de crotch, many animals can decipher that individual’s species, sex, age, health status, reproductive status, emotional state, and dietary history. Some species can go so far as to make out that indiv........ Read more »
Linklater, W., Mayer, K., & Swaisgood, R. (2013) Chemical signals of age, sex and identity in black rhinoceros. Animal Behaviour, 85(3), 671-677. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.12.034
I apologize if you've already heard about this, but the paper is really cool and I couldn't resist discussing it here.Escherichia coli, or E. coli for brevity, is a bacterium normally associated with "bad" things like food poisoning. Even though most strains are actually harmless, even the CDC has a page dedicated to E. coli outbreaks. Since it's part of our gut flora, the lower intestines in particular, it's usually not a good sign when E. coli is found in places like restaurants and cafeterias........ Read more »
Howard, T., Middelhaufe, S., Moore, K., Edner, C., Kolak, D., Taylor, G., Parker, D., Lee, R., Smirnoff, N., Aves, S.... (2013) Synthesis of customized petroleum-replica fuel molecules by targeted modification of free fatty acid pools in Escherichia coli. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1215966110
There are a lot of cancer database resources out there. Most of the ones we’ve focused on have been the data repository types. TCGA, ICGC, CaBIG, COSMIC, Cancer Genome Workbench, UCSC Cancer Genomic Browser, and of course big repositories like GEO. Researchers will need these sources of data to locate key alterations in cancer cells [...]... Read more »
Swanton, C. (2012) My Cancer Genome: a unified genomics and clinical trial portal. The Lancet Oncology, 13(7), 668-669. DOI: 10.1016/S1470-2045(12)70312-1
Yeh, P., Chen, H., Andrews, J., Naser, R., Pao, W., & Horn, L. (2013) DNA-Mutation Inventory to Refine and Enhance Cancer Treatment (DIRECT): A Catalog of Clinically Relevant Cancer Mutations to Enable Genome-Directed Anticancer Therapy. Clinical Cancer Research, 19(7), 1894-1901. DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-1894
Heart failure, when the heart is unable to pump blood adequately, affects more than 750,000 people in the UK, causing breathlessness and hindering day-to-day activities.
The therapy is designed to increase the levels of SERCA2a protein in heart muscle cells by using a harmless virus to insert extra genes into the cells.... Read more »
Sam Wong. (2013) New gene therapy could treat devastating heart failure. London Imperial College of London. info:/
by ebender in Daily Observations
Five psychological scientists, including four APS Fellows, are among the 84 new members and 21 foreign associates elected to the National Academy of Sciences, in recognition of their contributions and The post Four APS Fellows Elected to NAS appeared first on Association for Psychological Science.... Read more »
Aslin, R.N. (2012) Questioning the questions that have been asked about the infant brain using near-infrared spectroscopy. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 29(1-2), 7-33. PMID: 22329690
Dog training is an unlicensed profession. Sometimes it surprises people to learn there is a science to training, the origins of which can be traced back to Pavlov and Skinner. When studying how ordinary people train their dogs, scientists have to map between technical terms and everyday language. How do they do this?You’ve probably heard the phrase that “dogs do what works”, as explained by Jean Donaldson in her wonderful book The Culture Clash. What this means is, the behaviours tha........ Read more »
Arhant, C., Bubna-Littitz, H., Bartels, A., Futschik, A., & Troxler, J. (2010) Behaviour of smaller and larger dogs: Effects of training methods, inconsistency of owner behaviour and level of engagement in activities with the dog. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 123(3-4), 131-142. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2010.01.003
Hiby, E.F., Rooney, N.J., & Bradshaw, J.W.S. (2004) Dog training methods: Their use, effectiveness, and interaction with behaviour and welfare. Animal Welfare, 63-69. info:/
A powerful earthquake in China’s rural south-west, which measured 6.6 in magnitude, highlighted the importance of research to understand what is happening inside the Earth’s rocky and often violent interior.
Dr James Hammond, from the Department of Earth Science and Engineering at Imperial, has published research in the journal Geology about what is happening to a region below the Earth’s crust called the mantle. He is studying the mantle in a part of East Africa called the ........ Read more »
Colin Smith. (2013) Imperial research explains what is cracking up Africa. Imperial College of London. info:/
There are many thousands of poison plants, but not too many are venomous. The nettles and the dendrocnidaes have hollow spines that deliver neurotoxins when they stab you. Recent research has shown that nettle toxin is beneficial in liver regeneration. It stimulates cell proliferation and reduces apoptosis. In an opposite effect, the dendrocnidae toxin called moroidin is a mitotic spindle inhibitor. It may prove useful as an anticancer drug.... Read more »
Oguz, S., Kanter, M., Erboga, M., Toydemir, T., Sayhan, M., & Onur, H. (2013) Effects of Urtica dioica on oxidative stress, proliferation and apoptosis after partial hepatectomy in rats. Toxicology and Industrial Health. DOI: 10.1177/0748233713480211
Have you ever marveled at a summer meadow in full bloom? And maybe even wondered how it is that flowers and their petals come in so many beautiful and different shapes?
Well, new findings published in PLOS Biology reveal…... Read more »
Susanna Sauret-Güeto, Katharina Schiessl, Andrew Bangham, Robert Sablowski, Enrico Coen. (2013) JAGGED Controls Arabidopsis Petal Growth and Shape by Interacting with a Divergent Polarity Field. PLOS Biology, 11(4). info:/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001550
Everything our bodies do depends on interactions that happen on a nanoscale, the realm of atoms and small molecules. Today, medicine is catching up.
At the University of Minnesota, nanomedicine researchers are pushing forward with projects like new drug-delivery technologies and better screening of potential drugs.... Read more »
UM News. (2013) Nanomedicine: a new frontier. University of Minessota. info:/
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
Oh, the things men say. Well, in truth, no real man said this. It’s featured in a parody of the viral Dove video where a forensic artist draws pictures of women as they describe themselves and then as they are described by a stranger. In the real ad, the women describe themselves as less attractive than [...]
Real men don’t make mistakes
“It was ‘a man’s work’ and I just didn’t like working with those incompetent women….”
Look into my eyes…..
... Read more »
Cha, Y. (2013) Overwork and the Persistence of Gender Segregation in Occupations. Gender , 27(2), 158-184. DOI: 10.1177/0891243212470510
Treatment strategies against HIV-1 infection could be enhanced by the use of marijuana derivatives.
Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Technically speaking, researchers have found that the compounds that stimulate the cannabinoid type-2 (CB2) receptor in white blood cells, particularly in macrophages, can reduce the severity of HIV-1 infection. CB2 is responsible for showing the effects of cannabis.
"The synthetic compounds we used in our stud........ Read more »
Ramirez, S., Reichenbach, N., Fan, S., Rom, S., Merkel, S., Wang, X., Ho, W., & Persidsky, Y. (2013) Attenuation of HIV-1 replication in macrophages by cannabinoid receptor 2 agonists. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 93(5), 801-810. DOI: 10.1189/jlb.1012523
Berkeley Lab physicists and their colleagues in CERN’s ALPHA experiment present the first direct evidence of how atoms of antimatter interact with gravity... Read more »
Paul Preuss. (2013) Does Antimatter Fall Up or Down?. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory . info:/
Proteins, the workhorses of the body, can have more than one function, but they often need to be very specific in their action or they create cellular havoc, possibly leading to disease.... Read more »
TSRI Office of Communications. (2013) Scripps Research Institute Scientists Discover How a Protein Finds Its Way. The Scripps Research Institute. info:/
Researchers have found a way to see synthetic nanostructures and molecules using a new type of super-resolution optical microscopy that does not require fluorescent dyes, representing a practical tool for biomedical and nanotechnology research.... Read more »
Emil Venere. (2013) 'Super-resolution' microscope possible for nanostructures. Purdue University News. info:/
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