Over the course of my PhD work (published here, and most recently here), I have found evidence for evolved differences in phenotype (in other words, in their morphology, development, phenology, stress responses) between native and invasive populations of diffuse knapweed. … Continue reading →... Read more »
Joshi, J., & Vrieling, K. (2005) The enemy release and EICA hypothesis revisited: incorporating the fundamental difference between specialist and generalist herbivores. Ecology Letters, 8(7), 704-714. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00769.x
Petitpierre B, Kueffer C, Broennimann O, Randin C, Daehler C, & Guisan A. (2012) Climatic niche shifts are rare among terrestrial plant invaders. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6074), 1344-8. PMID: 22422981
Turner, K., Fréville, H., & Rieseberg, L. (2015) Adaptive plasticity and niche expansion in an invasive thistle. Ecology and Evolution. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1599
De novo mutations — sequence variants that are present in a child but absent from both parents — are an important source of human genetic variation. I think it’s reasonable to say that most of the 3-4 million variants in any individual’s genome arose, once upon a time, as de novo mutations in his or her ancestors. […]... Read more »
Francioli LC, Polak PP, Koren A, Menelaou A, Chun S, Renkens I, Genome of the Netherlands Consortium, van Duijn CM, Swertz M, Wijmenga C.... (2015) Genome-wide patterns and properties of de novo mutations in humans. Nature genetics, 47(7), 822-6. PMID: 25985141
By guest blogger Jordan Gaines LewisFor over 15 years now, I’ve faithfully kept a diary. Every night, from age 11 until my senior year of university, I snuggled into my bedsheets and rehashed the day’s events before nodding off to sleep. Even though I’m more likely to scribble down my thoughts just once or twice a week nowadays, I’ve found that writing in a diary before bed is a fun way to capture my memories – no matter how frivolous – to enjoy again years down the road.Now a new st........ Read more »
Szőllősi, �., Keresztes, A., Conway, M., & Racsmány, M. (2015) A diary after dinner: How the time of event recording influences later accessibility of diary events. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1-6. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2015.1058403
A quote to begin today's post:"Across each population with different kinds of ascertainment, there was a consistent and statistically significant increased prevalence of IBD [inflammatory bowel disease] in patients with ASD [autism spectrum disorder] than their respective controls and nationally reported rates for pediatric IBD."That was the conclusion reached in the paper published by Finale Doshi-Velez and colleagues  including one very notable name on the authorship list, Is........ Read more »
Doshi-Velez F, Avillach P, Palmer N, Bousvaros A, Ge Y, Fox K, Steinberg G, Spettell C, Juster I, & Kohane I. (2015) Prevalence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Among Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Inflammatory bowel diseases. PMID: 26218138
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Monika Pogorzelska-Maziarz PhD MPH Thomas Jefferson University, Jefferson School of Nursing Philadelphia, PA 19107 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Pogorzelska-Maziarz: Sharps disposal containers are ubiquitous in healthcare … Continue reading →
The post Single Use Sharps Recycling Many Reduce C. diff Infections appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Dr. Monika Pogorzelska-Maziarz PhD MPH. (2015) Single Use Sharps Recycling Many Reduce C. diff Infections. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Raveendhara R Bannuru MD, PhD, FAGE Director, Center for Treatment Comparison and Integrative Analysis (CTCIA) Asst Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine Special & Scientific Staff, Center for Arthritis and Rheumatic Diseases Tufts Medical Center … Continue reading →
The post Topical and Injected Placebos More Effective Than Pills appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Raveendhara R Bannuru MD, PhD, FAGE. (2015) Topical and Injected Placebos More Effective Than Pills. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jared Fox, PhD CDC Office of the Associate Director for Policy Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Fox: Increasing the number of people who get preventive care is … Continue reading →
The post Patients With Health Insurance Receive Up To Triple Amount Of Preventive Care appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Jared Fox, PhD. (2015) Patients With Health Insurance Receive Up To Triple Amount Of Preventive Care. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and Northwestern University have engineered a tethered ribosome that works nearly as well as the authentic cellular component, or organelle, that produces all the proteins and enzymes within the cell. The engineered ribosome may enable the production of new drugs and next-generation biomaterials and lead to a better understanding of how ribosomes function.... Read more »
Orelle, C., Carlson, E., Szal, T., Florin, T., Jewett, M., & Mankin, A. (2015) Protein synthesis by ribosomes with tethered subunits. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature14862
Cancer Research UK scientists have for the first time identified that there are five distinct types of prostate cancer and found a way to distinguish between them, according to a landmark study. The findings could have important implications for how doctors treat prostate cancer in the future, by identifying tumours that are more likely to grow and spread aggressively through the body.... Read more »
Ross-Adams, H., Lamb, A., Dunning, M., Halim, S., Lindberg, J., Massie, C., Egevad, L., Russell, R., Ramos-Montoya, A., Vowler, S.... (2015) Integration of copy number and transcriptomics provides risk stratification in prostate cancer: A discovery and validation cohort study. EBioMedicine. DOI: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2015.07.017
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Conrad Earnest, PhD, FACSM Texas A&M University College Station, TX Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Earnest: The study presented here is a thesis project performed by Robbyne Smith and Sammy Licence, under … Continue reading →
The post Walking While Texting Can Be Dangerous To Your Health appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Conrad Earnest, PhD, FACSM. (2015) Walking While Texting Can Be Dangerous To Your Health. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Karla M. Gonye, MBA President, Sphingotec LLC Cambridge, Massachusetts MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? Response: In experimental studies, Neurotensin and neurotensin expression was highly associated to breast cancer tissue Dupouy et al (2009) investigated … Continue reading →
The post Elevated Neurotensin Level May Predict Breast Cancer in Women appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Karla M. Gonye, MBA. (2015) Elevated Neurotensin Level May Predict Breast Cancer in Women. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
What do the third parties do with your data? We do not really know because the laws and regulations are rather fuzzy here. We do know that Google, Facebook and Twitter primarily make money by advertising so they could potentially use your info and customize the ads you see. Just because you visited a page on breast cancer does not mean that the "Invisible Web" knows your name and address but they do know that you have some interest in breast cancer. It would make financial sense to sen........ Read more »
Libert, T. (2015) Privacy implications of health information seeking on the web. Communications of the ACM, 58(3), 68-77. DOI: 10.1145/2658983
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Carmen J. Williams, M.D., Ph.D. Principal Investigator National Institute of Environmental Health Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Williams: G-protein coupled receptors are used by almost all cells to receive signals from the … Continue reading →
The post Protein Link Between Brain/Heart Function and Fertility appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Carmen J. Williams, M.D., Ph.D. (2015) Protein Link Between Brain/Heart Function and Fertility. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Sripal Bangalore, MD, MHA, FACC, FAHA, FSCAI Director of Research, Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory, Director, Cardiovascular Outcomes Group, The Leon H. Charney Division of Cardiology, Associate Professor of Medicine, New York University Langone School of Medicine, Principal Investigator … Continue reading →
The post ACE Inhibitors Not A Good First Choice For Hypertension in Blacks appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interview........ Read more »
Sripal Bangalore, MD, MHA, FACC, FAHA, FSCAI. (2015) ACE Inhibitors Not A Good First Choice For Hypertension in Blacks. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
It’s a miracle that a human body ever works like it’s supposed to. So many things can go wrong and there’s so few ways for things to be right. Ever hear of a defect called situs ambiguus? It’s a big problem. And what’s more, when something like transposition of the great arteries occurs, it’s only a second defect that keeps the patients alive.... Read more »
Kikuchi, K. (2015) Dedifferentiation, Transdifferentiation, and Proliferation: Mechanisms Underlying Cardiac Muscle Regeneration in Zebrafish. Current Pathobiology Reports, 3(1), 81-88. DOI: 10.1007/s40139-015-0063-5
Yousif, M., Elhassan, N., Ali, S., & Ahmed, Y. (2013) Isolated subpulmonic fibrous ring, mirror-image dextrocardia and situs solitus in a young lady unreported and a near miss. Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery, 17(6), 1043-1044. DOI: 10.1093/icvts/ivt278
Loomba RS, Hlavacek AM, Spicer DE, & Anderson RH. (2015) Isomerism or heterotaxy: which term leads to better understanding?. Cardiology in the young, 1-7. PMID: 26088959
This week’s tip is a follow-up to the PathWhiz one featured last week. After I had finished writing that one, the second video in the series became available. It has a lot more detail on how to work with the tool. I’m not going to go into the introduction here again, you can flip back […]... Read more »
Do treats at the vet mean fewer bites and a less fearful pet? Many companion animals are scared of visits to the vet. There is an established procedure for treating fear called desensitization and counter-conditioning (DS/CC) which involves feeding nice food in order to make something less scary. Yet many vets do not give treats to animals. A new paper by Karolina Westlund (Karolinska Institute) considers this reluctance, and looks at the evidence for and against.Westlund says, “Veterinarians ........ Read more »
Westlund, K. (2015) To feed or not to feed: counterconditioning in the veterinary clinic. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2015.05.008
At least those are the findings of the Religious Understandings of Science (RUS) study which is based on a “nationally representative survey of more than 10,000 Americans”. Sponsored by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), this study (completed in early 2014) hit the media about a year later. Sociologist Elaine Howard Ecklund […]
Religion, ethnicity and Asian-American’s voting patterns
Choosing science over beliefs: Frequency of dog bites a........ Read more »
Ecklund, EH, & Scheitle, C. (2014) Religious Communities, Science, Scientists, and Perceptions:A Comprehensive Survey. Annual Meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. . info:/
"The present case-report confirms that psychosis may be a manifestation of NCGS [non-coeliac gluten sensitivity], and may also involve children; the diagnosis is difficult with many cases remaining undiagnosed."Elena Lionetti and colleagues  (open-access) provide an interesting read in today's post on how diet and psychiatry might once again be linked. Presenting a case report of a 14-year old girl coming to the attention of clinical services "for psychotic symptoms that were apparently ........ Read more »
Lionetti, E., Leonardi, S., Franzonello, C., Mancardi, M., Ruggieri, M., & Catassi, C. (2015) Gluten Psychosis: Confirmation of a New Clinical Entity. Nutrients, 7(7), 5532-5539. DOI: 10.3390/nu7075235
As I mentioned a while back, we are preparing a flipped course. And the biggest question always is how to make sure students actually prepare for class. Because if they weren’t prepared, what would you do? Repeat the content they … Continue reading →... Read more »
Heiner, C., Banet, A., & Wieman, C. (2014) Preparing students for class: How to get 80% of students reading the textbook before class. American Journal of Physics, 82(10), 989-996. DOI: 10.1119/1.4895008
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