Post List

  • November 18, 2015
  • 07:04 AM

Give Thanks For The Cranberry

by Mark Lasbury in As Many Exceptions As Rules

Here comes Thanksgiving! The cranberry is an amazing fruit on its own for several reasons. Its cultivation and botany are unusual, as is its seed dispersal mechanism and structure. However, a major push has been on to understand the medicinal uses of the cranberry. Much debate is taking place as to the usefulness of cranberry compounds, anthocyanidins and polyphenols, in the prevention of urinary tract infections. Cranberry is even having some success in type II diabetes and as an anti-viral age........ Read more »

Ruel G, Lapointe A, Pomerleau S, Couture P, Lemieux S, Lamarche B, & Couillard C. (2013) Evidence that cranberry juice may improve augmentation index in overweight men. Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.), 33(1), 41-9. PMID: 23351409  

Shidfar F, Heydari I, Hajimiresmaiel SJ, Hosseini S, Shidfar S, & Amiri F. (2012) The effects of cranberry juice on serum glucose, apoB, apoA-I, Lp(a), and Paraoxonase-1 activity in type 2 diabetic male patients. Journal of research in medical sciences : the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 17(4), 355-60. PMID: 23267397  

  • November 18, 2015
  • 07:02 AM

The Motivation to Express Prejudice Scale 

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We hear a lot more these days about covert or “modern prejudice” than we do about plain old overt prejudice. So it’s a little surprising to see this measure but it makes sense. There are some people who do want to express prejudice and here is a scale you can use to measure their wishes […]

Related posts:
Detecting Deception Using the Law of Sufficient Motivation
The Bias Awareness Scale 
The Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale 

... Read more »

Forscher PS, Cox WT, Graetz N, & Devine PG. (2015) The motivation to express prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109(5), 791-812. PMID: 26479365  

  • November 18, 2015
  • 05:16 AM

What happens when you fall in love with someone who's aggressive?

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Does experiencing aggression in a relationship make us more vigilant against it – or more forgiving? New research published recently in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology suggests that when we want to keep our partner badly enough, we redefine the levels of aggression that we believe it is justifiable to endure.Aggression can manifest in obvious violations such as controlling behaviours or physical violence, but also includes more common behaviours – denigrating a partner, or t........ Read more »

  • November 18, 2015
  • 04:39 AM

The kynurenine pathway and some autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Our data indicated that there were alterations to the KP [kynurenine pathway] in ASD [autism spectrum disorder]. Specifically, increased production of the downstream metabolite, quinolinic acid, which is capable of enhancing glutamatergic neurotransmission was noted."Those were some of the rather interesting results reported by Chai Lim and colleagues [1] suggesting that when it comes to tryptophan metabolism in relation to autism, the continued sole focus on serotonin and melato........ Read more »

Lim CK, Essa MM, de Paula Martins R, Lovejoy DB, Bilgin AA, Waly MI, Al-Farsi YM, Al-Sharbati M, Al-Shaffae MA, & Guillemin GJ. (2015) Altered kynurenine pathway metabolism in autism: Implication for immune-induced glutamatergic activity. Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism Research. PMID: 26497015  

  • November 18, 2015
  • 04:30 AM

Dental Injuries Surveillance Supports Use of Properly Fitted Mouthguards

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Dental injuries were relatively rare among high school athletes but most of these injuries occurred while an athlete was not wearing a properly fitted mouthguard.... Read more »

  • November 17, 2015
  • 04:48 PM

What’s in a name? More than you think…

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

What’s in a name? In the case of the usernames of video gamers, a remarkable amount of information about their real world personalities, according to research. Analysis of anonymised data from one of the world’s most popular computer games by scientists in the Department of Psychology at York also revealed information about their ages.... Read more »

  • November 17, 2015
  • 11:47 AM

Landscapes of Death and Mass Graves from the Roman Empire

by Katy Meyers Emery in Bones Don't Lie

There is an amazing relationship between human behavior and space. Our landscape and environment shapes what we can do on it, how we move through it, and where we can […]... Read more »

  • November 17, 2015
  • 04:58 AM

Sports psychologists understand surprisingly little about "the yips"

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Two-time Masters Champion Bernhard Langerhas battled the yips throughout his career. He told the Telegraph they are: "an involuntary and uncontrollable movement of the muscles, resulting in a fast, jerky, uncontrolled putting stroke. It is like a muscle spasm; you hold the putter this way or that way - it doesn't matter - and sometimes you can't take it back. You freeze, you totally freeze - or you just jerk."Image: Wikipedia. A golf champion prepares for the easiest of putts on t........ Read more »

Clarke, P., Sheffield, D., & Akehurst, S. (2015) The yips in sport: A systematic review. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1-29. DOI: 10.1080/1750984X.2015.1052088  

  • November 17, 2015
  • 04:32 AM

Sex, STEM careers and the 'big data' of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ)

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I'm a fan of 'big data' on this blog (see here) and the particular idea that large participant numbers can offer up some really important results or patterns of results relevant to our knowledge of labels like autism.  I do also believe there is a balance to be struck between big data and somewhat smaller data - specifically the value of the N=1 when it comes to a heterogeneous condition like autism - but big data is a nice way of introducing or confirming more general trends and/or correla........ Read more »

  • November 17, 2015
  • 04:30 AM

Active Shoulder Motion Assessment using Kinect versus Photographic Measurements

by Byron Campbell, Brittany Davis, and Liz Zwicker in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The Kinect provides a method to objectively measuring active shoulder range of motion.... Read more »

  • November 16, 2015
  • 10:36 PM

Asymptomatic dengue-infected humans can transmit the virus to mosquitoes

by Betty Zou in Eat, Read, Science

A paper published last week in PNAS is the first to experimentally test whether asymptomatic dengue virus-infected humans are infectious to humans. Spoiler alert: they are.... Read more »

Duong V, Lambrechts L, Paul RE, Ly S, Lay RS, Long KC, Huy R, Tarantola A, Scott TW, Sakuntabhai A.... (2015) Asymptomatic humans transmit dengue virus to mosquitoes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 26553981  

  • November 16, 2015
  • 08:37 PM

Strongest evidence yet of a link between breakfast and educational outcomes

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

A direct and positive link between pupils’ breakfast quality and consumption, and their educational attainment, has for the first time been demonstrated in a ground-breaking new study carried out by public health experts at Cardiff University. The study of 5000 9-11 year-olds from more than 100 primary schools sought to examine the link between breakfast consumption and quality and subsequent attainment in Key Stage 2 Teacher Assessments* 6-18 months later.... Read more »

  • November 16, 2015
  • 11:40 AM

Smell Test in Screening for Parkinson's Disease Risk

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Molecular model of polypeptide parkinIdentification of early or prodromal stages of the diseases of neuroscience medicine is an important clinical and research goal.Identification of prodromal illness allows for enhanced surveillance and initiation of secondary prevention interventions.Impairment of smell or olfactory sensation is a key early clue for Parkinson's disease (PD).Danna Jennings and colleagues recently published an important study of the role of smell impairment in prodromal PD.This ........ Read more »

Jennings D, Siderowf A, Stern M, Seibyl J, Eberly S, Oakes D, Marek K, & PARS Investigators. (2014) Imaging prodromal Parkinson disease: the Parkinson Associated Risk Syndrome Study. Neurology, 83(19), 1739-46. PMID: 25298306  

  • November 16, 2015
  • 10:27 AM

Being true to yourself may protect against the harmful effects of loneliness

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

A lot has been written about the downward spiral of loneliness. People who crave more social contact often develop behaviours and thinking styles that only serve to accentuate their isolation, such as turning to drink and becoming more sensitive to perceived slights and rejections. Less studied is the question of whether some people have personality traits that give them a buffer against these loneliness-related risks. A new study published in the Journal of Health Psychology finds a promising c........ Read more »

  • November 16, 2015
  • 09:42 AM

Freak bacterial skin infections in hockey players

by Rosin Cerate in Rosin Cerate

I suspect I'd be dead if not for antibacterial drugs (most people call them antibiotics, but I'm stubborn and prefer a more specific term). As a preschooler, I spent several months being very ill with tonsillitis. It took more than a couple rounds of bacteria-harming drugs to fix me up, and who knows if I would've been able to kick the infection without them before my throat closed up or my heart failed due to rheumatic fever. Due at least in part to my childhood experience, I'm morbidly fascina........ Read more »

  • November 16, 2015
  • 06:33 AM

Careful – a long-running rivalry can make you reckless

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Victory is always gratifying and acquires an even more delicious taste when it involves the defeat of a rival. But new evidence published recently in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology suggests that rivalries, as well as spurring us on, also promote a mindset that favours eagerness, even recklessness – a mindset that seeks to achieve a legacy for the history books, but carries a risk to our chances on the day.NYU psychologist Gavin Kilduff defines rivalry as a relationship charac........ Read more »

  • November 16, 2015
  • 05:50 AM

The Neuroscience of Social Media: An Unofficial History

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

There's a new article in Trends in Cognitive Sciences about how neuroscientists can incorporate social media into their research on the neural correlates of social cognition (Meshi et al., 2015). The authors outlined the sorts of social behaviors that can be studied via participants' use of Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, etc.: (1) broadcasting information; (2) receiving feedback; (3) observing others' broadcasts; (4) providing feedback; (5) comparing self to others.Meshi, Tamir, and Heekeren / Tr........ Read more »

Meshi D, Tamir TI, Heekeren HR. (2015) The Emerging Neuroscience of Social Media. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. info:/10.1016/j.tics.2015.09.004

  • November 16, 2015
  • 04:41 AM

Symptom profiles of chronic fatigue syndrome across borders

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

To quote from the paper by Maria Zdunek and colleagues [1] (open-access available here): "These findings suggest that there may be important differences in illness characteristics across individuals with CFS [chronic fatigue syndrome] in the US [United States] and the UK [United Kingdom], and this has implications for the comparability of research findings across these two countries."Looking at how symptom profiles and the "functional differences experienced by patients with ........ Read more »

Zdunek M, Jason LA, Evans M, Jantke R, & Newton JL. (2015) A Cross Cultural Comparison of Disability and Symptomatology Associated with CFS. International journal of psychology and behavioral sciences, 5(2), 98-107. PMID: 26478826  

  • November 16, 2015
  • 04:30 AM

Making a Comeback After Rotator Cuff Repair

by Kyle Lewis, Michelle Moreau in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

If an athlete suffers a rotator cuff tear, whether it is a partial or full thickness tear, their chances of returning to their previous level of play after surgery is favorable at the recreational level but not at the professional level.... Read more »

  • November 15, 2015
  • 06:00 PM

Critical Thinking Skills: What are They and How Do I Get Them?

by Winston Sieck in Thinker Academy

Critical thinking is often touted as a superior way to confront the issues one faces. But what is critical thinking, really? How is it done?   Can anyone do it, or are Spock-like mental abilities required? Critical thinking is sometimes talked about as a near-mystical skill that exercises untapped parts of your brain. The supposed…
Check out Critical Thinking Skills: What are They and How Do I Get Them?, an original post on Thinker Academy.
... Read more »

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