Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

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The mission of SMR is to objectively summarize and describe the clinical relevance of research articles related to basic science, translational research, and clinical research that may be relevant to students and professionals interested in sports medicine. Furthermore, SMR aims to provide a forum for clinicians, researchers, and students in sports medicine-related fields to discuss the clinical relevance of new research.

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  • February 15, 2017
  • 04:30 AM
  • 128 views

Electrical Stim Treatments Improve Patients with Low Back Pain

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Various electrical stimulation treatments over the course of 3 weeks resulted in improved low back pain. Interferential stimulation seemed to have the best outcomes in patients with low back disc degeneration. ... Read more »

Rajfur, J., Pasternok, M., Rajfur, K., Walewicz, K., Fras, B., Bolach, B., Dymarek, R., Rosinczuk, J., Halski, T., & Taradaj, J. (2017) Efficacy of Selected Electrical Therapies on Chronic Low Back Pain: A Comparative Clinical Pilot Study. Medical Science Monitor, 85-100. DOI: 10.12659/MSM.899461  

  • February 13, 2017
  • 04:30 AM
  • 124 views

Blood Test Could Help Provide Information on Prolonged Concussion Recovery

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Elevated plasma tau concentrations within 6 hours of sport-related concussion was associated with prolonged return to play.... Read more »

Gill, J., Merchant-Borna, K., Jeromin, A., Livingston, W., & Bazarian, J. (2017) Acute plasma tau relates to prolonged return to play after concussion. Neurology, 88(6), 595-602. DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003587  

  • February 8, 2017
  • 04:30 AM
  • 141 views

Physical Activity Within 7 Days May Lead to Better Long-Term Outcomes After a Concussion

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Among children and adolescents with acute concussion, participation in physical activity within 7 days of acute injury compared with no physical activity was associated with lower risk of persistent postconcussion symptoms at 28 days post injury.... Read more »

  • February 1, 2017
  • 04:30 AM
  • 455 views

Overtrained Athletes Have Abnormal Biochemical Response to Exercise

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Overtrained athletes have abnormal inflammatory and anabolic responses to exercise, indicating that their body is not responding to exercise the way that it should.... Read more »

  • January 25, 2017
  • 04:30 AM
  • 176 views

Degenerative Changes in the Knee Joint Are Present in Elite American Football Players

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

One in 4 American Football players at the NFL Combine with a history of knee surgery have knee osteoarthritis despite being only 20 to 26 years of age.... Read more »

  • January 18, 2017
  • 04:30 AM
  • 211 views

Alterations in Leg Stiffness Following A Concussion May Lead to Changes in Return-to-Play Protocol

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

An athlete with a recent concussion has altered lower extremity stiffness at the leg, hip, and knee, which could increase their risk for musculoskeletal injury.... Read more »

Dubose DF, Herman DC, Jones DL, Tillman SM, Clugston JR, Pass A, Hernandez JA, Vasilopoulos T, Horodyski M, & Chmielewski TL. (2017) Lower Extremity Stiffness Changes after Concussion in Collegiate Football Players. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 49(1), 167-172. PMID: 27501359  

  • January 11, 2017
  • 04:30 AM
  • 212 views

A Call for High Quality Evidence Linking Movement Screenings to Injury Risk

by Laura McDonald in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

There is limited evidence that poor movement quality is associated with a greater risk of lower extremity injury in athletic and military/first-responder populations.... Read more »

Whittaker JL, Booysen N, de la Motte S, Dennett L, Lewis CL, Wilson D, McKay C, Warner M, Padua D, Emery CA.... (2016) Predicting sport and occupational lower extremity injury risk through movement quality screening: a systematic review. British journal of sports medicine. PMID: 27935483  

  • January 4, 2017
  • 04:30 AM
  • 222 views

Debating Early Viscosupplementation

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Viscosupplementation at the time of partial meniscectomy failed to provide better outcomes than surgery alone. ... Read more »

Filardo, G., Di Matteo, B., Tentoni, F., Cavicchioli, A., Di Martino, A., Lo Presti, M., Iacono, F., Kon, E., & Marcacci, M. (2016) No Effects of Early Viscosupplementation After Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(12), 3119-3125. DOI: 10.1177/0363546516660070  

  • January 2, 2017
  • 04:30 AM
  • 263 views

How Much Do You Know About How Sunscreen Affects Thermoregulation?

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Athletes need to use sunscreen when exercising outdoors; however, they need to be selective and ensure the sunscreen is not impeding effective sweating.... Read more »

Aburto-Corona, J., & Aragón-Vargas, L. (2016) Sunscreen Use and Sweat Production in Men and Women. Journal of Athletic Training, 51(9), 696-700. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-51.11.01  

  • December 28, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 266 views

Ocular Injuries May Not Be the Most Common, But Are They Easily Preventable?

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Sport-related ocular injuries are most commonly open wounds to the eye or surrounding visual structures. Advocating for, or implementing rule changes to require protective eyewear could greatly mitigate this risk.... Read more »

Haring RS, Sheffield ID, Canner JK, & Schneider EB. (2016) Epidemiology of Sports-Related Eye Injuries in the United States. JAMA ophthalmology, 134(12), 1382-1390. PMID: 27812702  

  • December 23, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 289 views

Do Low Neurocognitive Scores Increase the Risk of Injury?

by Stephan Bodkin in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

An athlete with low baseline neurocognitive scores is likely to produce knee movement patterns that are associated to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.... Read more »

  • December 22, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 309 views

More Is Better: Exercise Therapy for the Ankle

by Kyle Kosik in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Exercise therapy and external supports reduce the chance of an ankle sprain; increasing the volume of exercise further reduces the odds.... Read more »

  • December 21, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 300 views

Colder May Not Be Cool for Recovery

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

After exercise, cold water immersion at 15°C may offer some improvements in recovery based on performance of a jump task and possibly markers of muscle damage. A colder temperature may not be as effective as cool water, so controlling the treatment parameters based on evidence is important.... Read more »

Vieira, A., Siqueira, A., Ferreira-Junior, J., do Carmo, J., Durigan, J., Blazevich, A., & Bottaro, M. (2016) The Effect of Water Temperature during Cold-Water Immersion on Recovery from Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 37(12), 937-943. DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-111438  

  • December 20, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 300 views

Is High School Specialization Needed to Participate at the Division I Level?

by Adam Lake in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The majority of athletes participating in NCAA Division I sports reported that they were not highly specialized in that sport during high school.... Read more »

Post, E., Thein-Nissenbaum, J., Stiffler, M., Brooks, M., Bell, D., Sanfilippo, J., Trigsted, S., Heiderscheit, B., & McGuine, T. (2016) High School Sport Specialization Patterns of Current Division I Athletes. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach. DOI: 10.1177/1941738116675455  

  • December 16, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 258 views

Frequency and Location of Head Impacts in Division 1 Men’s Lacrosse Players

by Patricia Kelshaw, MS, LAT, ATC in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Player position and session type such as practice or game are the main factors that influence head impact frequencies and magnitudes for lacrosse athletes.... Read more »

  • December 15, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 278 views

Cortisol and Testosterone Levels Following Exhaustive Endurance Exercise: How Much Recovery Do Athletes Really Need?

by Jennifer Fields in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Following high-intensity endurance exercise, recovery may require 48-72 hours for cortisol and testosterone to return back to resting levels. ... Read more »

Anderson, T., Lane, A., & Hackney, A. (2016) Cortisol and testosterone dynamics following exhaustive endurance exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(8), 1503-1509. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-016-3406-y  

  • December 14, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 261 views

Identifying Athletes at Risk for Chronic Ankle Instability

by Matt Prebble in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The jump-landing protocol was able to distinguish between healthy, ‘coper’, and unstable ankles. This protocol may be useful for identifying athletes at increased risk for injury, and as a return to play indicator following rehabilitation.... Read more »

  • December 13, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 277 views

Can Using a Whole Body Vibration Warm-up Give Athletes Quicker Feet?

by Stuart McCrory in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Whole-body vibration improves performance on quick feet test when compared to a traditional warm-up.... Read more »

Donahue RB, Vingren JL, Duplanty AA, Levitt DE, Luk HY, & Kraemer WJ. (2016) Acute Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Warm-up on Footspeed Quickness. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 30(8), 2286-91. PMID: 27328378  

  • December 12, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 279 views

Substance Use by Gender and Race Among Teenage Athletes

by Jessica Pope in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

While general substance use patterns are seen in adolescent athletes, some gender and racial/ethnic groups are at more risk than others. Prevention and educational programs should be designed with this in mind.... Read more »

Parent, M., Bradstreet, T., Piper, M., Brace, T., & Parkman, T. (2016) Racial Disparities in Substance Use by Sport Participation Among High School Students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 77(6), 980-985. DOI: 10.15288/jsad.2016.77.980  

  • December 9, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 296 views

Balancing on the BACK

by Abbis Haider Jaffri in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Patients who suffer from current or previous symptoms of lower back pain demonstrated lower reach distances in the posterior directions of the Y-Balance Test compared to healthy individuals.... Read more »

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