Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

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The mission of SMR is to objectively summarize and describe the clinical relevance of research articles related to basic science, translational research, and clinical research that may be relevant to students and professionals interested in sports medicine. Furthermore, SMR aims to provide a forum for clinicians, researchers, and students in sports medicine-related fields to discuss the clinical relevance of new research.

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  • April 15, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 37 views

Hurts So Good: Eccentric Hamstrings to Prevent Strains

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

A program focused on eccentric hamstring strengthening may prevent hamstring injuries.... Read more »

  • April 13, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 58 views

Low Back Pain? Work It Out

by Danielle Schindler and Adam Rosen in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Exercise reduces pain in patients with nonspecific low back pain. Exercise protocols involving strength training and stabilization with a whole-body approach appear to provide the greatest relief.... Read more »

  • April 10, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 69 views

Athletes, Alcohol Abuse, and Violence- Is There a Connection?

by Adam Rosen and Robert Dill in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Participating in athletics isn’t a risk factor for violence outside of competition. However, sports participants with alcohol use problems are more likely to later be violent than those without alcohol use problems.... Read more »

  • April 8, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 62 views

ACL Injuries Are Getting on My Nerves

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Patients who sustained an anterior cruciate ligament tear often suffer quadriceps weakness, altered spinal-reflexive excitability during the first few weeks after the injury, and altered corticospinal excitability a few months after the injury.... Read more »

  • April 6, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 94 views

Concussions and Depression… Is There a Connection?

by Jessica Herek and Adam Rosen in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Athletes demonstrated greater rates of depression post-concussion. Older age, baseline depression symptoms, and increased concussion-related symptoms were factors most associated with post-concussion depression.... Read more »

  • April 1, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 81 views

Predicting Elbow Injuries in Youth Baseball with a Preseason Checklist

by Bailey Shiller and Adam Rosen in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Using a preseason checklist with Little League Baseball Players may help to determine which young athletes are at risk of developing elbow injuries.... Read more »

  • March 30, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 66 views

On-field Management and Return-to-Play in Concussed Children are Lacking

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Only 58% of concussed children were managed according to recommended guidelines and 13% returned to play while symptomatic. Additionally, 93% of parents and 96% of players were unaware of their organization’s return-to-play guidelines following a concussion.... Read more »

  • March 25, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 69 views

Bisphosphonate May Protect Against Joint Degeneration in the Short-Term After a Knee Injury

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

In a mouse model, high-dose injections of alendronate delayed joint damage compared with a low-dose or placebo.... Read more »

  • March 18, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 96 views

Altered Joint Health 1 Year Post ACL Reconstruction

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

There are osteoarthritic changes in knee as early as one year post anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in both the tibiofemoral and patellofemoral joints.... Read more »

  • March 16, 2015
  • 05:00 AM
  • 88 views

Don’t Blink. The King-Devick Test: A Rapid, Sideline Visual Assessment Tool to Assist in Detection of Concussion

by Adam Rosen and Andrew Sheridan in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The King-Devick test is a quick and reliable method to assess vision, eye movements, language function, and attention. An athlete with a concussion tends to complete the test slower than his/her preseason assessment while other athletes improve over time. ... Read more »

  • March 11, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 66 views

Bone Marrow Oedema May Signify Poor Long-Term Outcomes Following an ACL Injury

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Knees with bone marrow oedema 3 or more months after an anterior cruciate ligament injury are less likely to return to activity when compared with knees without oedema.... Read more »

Filardo, G., Kon, E., Tentoni, F., Andriolo, L., Di Martino, A., Busacca, M., Di Matteo, B., & Marcacci, M. (2015) Anterior cruciate ligament injury: post-traumatic bone marrow oedema correlates with long-term prognosis. International Orthopaedics. DOI: 10.1007/s00264-015-2672-3  

  • March 4, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 77 views

“Shock”ingly No Improvements in Ankle Sprain Outcomes

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

There is no evidence to support the use of electrical stimulation after an acute lateral ankle sprain to reduce edema, decrease pain, or improve functional limitations.... Read more »

  • March 2, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 113 views

Tau-A Could be a Grade A Concussion Tool for Safe Return To Play

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The Tau-A biomarker is a potential biomarker to distinguish those at risk for prolonged recovery following a concussion.... Read more »

Shahim P, Linemann T, Inekci D, Karsdal MA, Blennow K, Tegner Y, Zetterberg H, & Henriksen K. (2015) Serum tau fragments predict return to play in concussed professional ice hockey players. Journal of Neurotrauma. PMID: 25621407  

  • February 25, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 100 views

Consider the Landing Surface When Thinking About Landing Techniques

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

College athletes have decreased quadriceps:hamstring activation ratio, increased peak hamstring activation, and increased trunk sway when landing on an unstable surface versus a stable surface.
... Read more »

  • February 18, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 69 views

Fear and Exercise Importance in Returning from ACL Injury

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Fear of re-injury, exercise importance, and age are associated with return to activities after an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. ... Read more »

Gignac MA, Cao X, White LM, Hurtig M, Kunz M, & Marks PH. (2015) Perceived personal importance of exercise and fears of re-injury: a longitudinal study of psychological factors related to activity after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 4. info:/

  • February 16, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 76 views

What’s the Real Story? Effect of Fatigue on Acromiohumeral Distance and Scapular Position

by Katie Reuther in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

After overhead shoulder fatigue, healthy individuals have an increase in acromiohumeral distance and altered scapular position, consistent with a protective, impingement-sparing situation.... Read more »

  • February 11, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 133 views

Fatigue May Increase Anterior Tibial Translation

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Following a fatiguing exercise protocol, participants showed increased anterior tibial translation, compressive force, and knee flexion range of motion during the transition from non-weight-bearing to weight-bearing. This illustrates an inability of the lower extremity muscles to stabilize the knee joint.... Read more »

  • February 4, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 120 views

Mom or Dad’s Bad Knees May be Inheritable, but are They Inevitable?

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Specific genotypes that influence new blood vessel growth are more common among individuals with an anterior cruciate ligament tear.... Read more »

  • February 2, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 145 views

No Strict Rest for the Weary or Concussed

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

For individuals 11 to 22 years of age, strict rest after a concussion had no added benefit compared to 1-2 days of rest before the stepwise program.... Read more »

  • January 28, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 134 views

ACL Graft Type May Not Matter When Attempting to Improve Patient-Reported Outcome 2-Years Post-Surgery

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Three anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction techniques yield similar patient-reported and objective outcomes for up to 2 years after surgery. The one exception was joint laxity, which was better among patients who received a patellar tendon autograft instead of one of two hamstring techniques.... Read more »

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