8 posts · 2,546 views
A blog dedicated to Open Science, Open Access and Open Data.
This morning I came across a paper by Laakso & Björk (2012) examining the volume of scientific articles published as OA journals from 2000 to 2011. One of the most interesting points they demonstrated was the internal shift in the structure of publisher types that are involved in OA: What we see here is the total [...]... Read more »
Laakso, M., & Björk, B. (2012) Anatomy of open access publishing: a study of longitudinal development and internal structure. BMC Medicine, 10(1), 124. DOI: 10.1186/1741-7015-10-124
Having already written about the need to independently test results, I’m pleased to see a news article in Nature that highlights the following initiative by Science Exchange to replicate high-profile papers: Scientific publishers are backing an initiative to encourage authors of high-profile research papers to get their results replicated by independent labs. Validation studies will [...]... Read more »
A decade or so ago you’d be forgiven for thinking that the monograph was in terminal decline. Just take the now 13-year-old words of Stanley Chodorow, who in his work, The Pace of Scholarship, the Scholarly Career, and the Monograph, claimed that the specialization of the academic monograph signalled “Its evolutionary track is at an [...]... Read more »
One of the biggest problems facing science is that it’s done by us mere humans. We’re highly fallible and, as a result, science is vulnerable to our numerous list of biases. To some extent the scientific method, as a collective activity, has gradually evolved to shield itself against these individual-level biases. For instance, the notion [...]... Read more »
Fanelli D. (2010) "Positive" results increase down the Hierarchy of the Sciences. PloS one, 5(4). PMID: 20383332
One of the supposed conflicts in academic publishing is ensuring quality reviewed research in an environment of rapid scientific exchange. Traditional peer review, for instance, is a prime example of scientific quality: it allows for the dissemination of knowledge to pass through a filter of peers that self-regulates the suitability of a paper for publication. [...]... Read more »
Pöschl U. (2012) Multi-Stage Open Peer Review: Scientific Evaluation Integrating the Strengths of Traditional Peer Review with the Virtues of Transparency and Self-Regulation. Frontiers in computational neuroscience, 33. PMID: 22783183
Part of making science more open is taking our pre-existing ways of disseminating and practicing science, as seen in journals and statistical programs, and making them open. But there is a larger change taking place. Domains previously more reliant on argumentation and advocacy are now starting to equip themselves with the methodological toolkits us scientists are [...]... Read more »
Brooks, Greg. (2008) Randomised controlled trial of incentives to improve attendance at adult literacy classes. Oxford Review of Education, 317(5), 362-504. DOI: 10.1080/03054980701768741
It’s often difficult to appreciate the brilliance of Wikipedia. Only eleven years old, this free, collaboratively edited and multilingual encyclopaedia is so ingrained in our everyday experience that, like so many successful cultural products, we now take it for granted. One particular charge that’s grown up with WP concerns its purported inaccuracy. Indeed, anecdotally, I’ve noticed [...]... Read more »
If I were to crudely cobble together a book on the dissemination of scientific knowledge, then I would probably organise it into three parts. For the first, it would discuss how we evolved from tinkering apes; blindly and, at times, consciously experimenting with various technologies and methods. Over the next few millennia we would see a gradual shift from communal knowledge of tribal communities to the development of writing and its spawning of cultural institutions, such as libraries and universities. The second part of our book would place us in the year of 1665: here, we see the publication of the first journals, and with that the death of “cryptic anagrams, secret discoveries, and bitter turf wars”. During this period there is also a huge growth in the number of universities as well as an industrial scale dissemination of information thanks to Gutenberg’s printing press. Lastly, following the introduction of Peer Review, we arrive at the precursors for the third part of our book: the mass movement towards the digitisation of knowledge through computers and the internet.
So, in lieu of a formal introduction, here we are at Part Three of our story: welcome to Open Science.... Read more »
Bollen J, Van de Sompel H, Hagberg A, Bettencourt L, Chute R, Rodriguez MA, & Balakireva L. (2009) Clickstream data yields high-resolution maps of science. PloS one, 4(3). PMID: 19277205
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