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The Daily Fusion
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  • July 22, 2014
  • 03:38 PM

Cheaper Platinum-Yttrium Fuel Cell Catalyst Developed

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) report that they have developed a platinum-yttrium fuel cell catalyst which is stable, more active and less expensive than the existing platinum catalysts.... Read more »

Patricia Hernandez-Fernandez, Federico Masini, David N. McCarthy, Christian E. Strebel, Daniel Friebel, Davide Deiana, Paolo Malacrida, Anders Nierhoff, Anders Bodin, Anna M. Wise, Jane H. Nielsen, Thomas W. Hansen, Anders Nilsson, Ifan E. L. . (2014) Mass-selected nanoparticles of PtxY as model catalysts for ​oxygen electroreduction. Nature Chemistry. info:/10.1038/nchem.2001

  • July 18, 2014
  • 08:09 AM

Carbon-Based Catalyst for Batteries, Fuel Cells Developed

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Chemists at the Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany, have developed a carbon-based catalyst for water electrolysis and hydrogen combustion.... Read more »

  • July 17, 2014
  • 05:36 PM

X-Rays Help Study Chemical Reactions in Fuel Cells

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Using high-brilliance X-rays, scientists studied the chemical process that hydrogen fuel cells use to produce electricity.... Read more »

  • July 17, 2014
  • 06:42 AM

Water and Ice in Hydrogen Fuel Cells Directly Imaged

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) have, for the first time, directly imaged the distribution of liquid water and ice in a hydrogen fuel cell.... Read more »

Biesdorf, J., Oberholzer, P., Bernauer, F., Kaestner, A., Vontobel, P., Lehmann, E., Schmidt, T., & Boillat, P. (2014) Dual Spectrum Neutron Radiography: Identification of Phase Transitions between Frozen and Liquid Water. Physical Review Letters, 112(24). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.248301  

  • July 15, 2014
  • 02:47 PM

Scientists Take Snapshots of Photosynthetic Water Oxidation

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

An international collaboration of scientists led by researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has taken detailed “snapshots” of the four photon-step cycle for water oxidation in photosystem II, a large protein complex in green plants.... Read more »

Kern, J., Tran, R., Alonso-Mori, R., Koroidov, S., Echols, N., Hattne, J., Ibrahim, M., Gul, S., Laksmono, H., Sierra, R.... (2014) Taking snapshots of photosynthetic water oxidation using femtosecond X-ray diffraction and spectroscopy. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5371  

  • July 14, 2014
  • 03:37 PM

Laser Helps Understand Inner Workings of Solar Panels

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Believe it or not we don’t totally understand how solar cells work, particularly organic thin-film photovoltaics. But scientists Canada, London and Cyprus have recently used lasers to shed some light into the process, which could help make more efficient solar panels tomorrow.... Read more »

Provencher, F., Bérubé, N., Parker, A., Greetham, G., Towrie, M., Hellmann, C., Côté, M., Stingelin, N., Silva, C., & Hayes, S. (2014) Direct observation of ultrafast long-range charge separation at polymer–fullerene heterojunctions. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5288  

  • July 11, 2014
  • 09:12 AM

Night-Time Lights Intensity Indicates Regional Favoritism

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at Monash University and the University of St Gallen have used satellite data on night-time light intensity and information about the birthplaces of political leaders in 126 countries to pinpoint regional favoritism.... Read more »

Hodler, R., & Raschky, P. (2014) Regional Favoritism. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 129(2), 995-1033. DOI: 10.1093/qje/qju004  

  • July 10, 2014
  • 05:58 PM

Sponge-Like Material Helps Li-Ion Batteries Run Longer

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have developed a new porous, sponge-like material that can be used as an anti-pulverization structure for high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes.... Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 03:43 PM

Researchers Create Sand-Based Li-Ion Batteries

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside, have developed an inexpensive way to produce sand-based Li-ion batteries.... Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 08:58 AM

New Electrochemistry Tech Makes Batteries Last Longer

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the University of Alberta have used a process called induced fluorination to create faster-charging, longer-lasting batteries.... Read more »

  • July 8, 2014
  • 12:00 PM

Mathematical Model Helps Identify Gas Hydrate Pockets

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at Rice University have developed a mathematical model that simulates gas hydrate and free gas accumulation under the ocean floor.... Read more »

  • July 7, 2014
  • 03:54 PM

Transparent Graphite Can Be Used to Make Better Solar Cells

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the University of Maryland Energy Research Center and Monash University, Australia, have used lithium to make a graphite sheet transparent and highly conductive. This new material shows promise for applications in solar cells, flexible displays and touchscreens.... Read more »

  • July 7, 2014
  • 11:04 AM

Simple Process Improves Manufacturing of Silicon Nanoholes

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the A*STAR Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology and Nanyang Technological University have invented a simple procedure that transforms silver nanospheres into silicon nanoholes. The process can significantly increase the cost-effectiveness of nanowire-based solar cells.... Read more »

Hong, L., Wang, X., Zheng, H., He, L., Wang, H., Yu, H., & Rusli, . (2014) High efficiency silicon nanohole/organic heterojunction hybrid solar cell. Applied Physics Letters, 104(5), 53104. DOI: 10.1063/1.4863965  

  • July 7, 2014
  • 06:44 AM

Novel Biosensor to Optimize Bio-Refining Processes

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the University of British Columbia have developed a new type of biosensor that can help optimize bio-refining processes that produce chemicals, fuels and advanced materials.... Read more »

Strachan, C., Singh, R., VanInsberghe, D., Ievdokymenko, K., Budwill, K., Mohn, W., Eltis, L., & Hallam, S. (2014) Metagenomic scaffolds enable combinatorial lignin transformation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1401631111  

  • July 5, 2014
  • 07:55 AM

Scientists Uncover Mechanism for Soot Formation

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the University of Hawaii and the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (Berkeley Lab) have uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas-phase molecules into solid particles like soot and other carbon-based compounds.... Read more »

Parker, D., Kaiser, R., Troy, T., & Ahmed, M. (2014) Hydrogen Abstraction-Acetylene Addition Revealed. Angewandte Chemie. DOI: 10.1002/ange.201404537  

  • July 2, 2014
  • 05:54 PM

Heather Can Help UK Meet Bioenergy Targets

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Harvesting energy from heather could reduce carbon dioxide emissions and help the UK meet its bioenergy targets, according to new research by scientists at Durham and Manchester Universities.... Read more »

  • July 1, 2014
  • 05:36 PM

Porous Nanofiber Opens Way for Better Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Chemists at the NIM Cluster at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich and at the University of Waterloo, Canada, have created a novel type of porous nanofiber that can help make lithium-sulfur batteries more efficient.... Read more »

  • June 30, 2014
  • 04:19 PM

Aqueous Flow Organic Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage Developed

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the University of Southern California (USC) have created an inexpensive aqueous flow organic battery for grid-scale energy storage. The new battery contains no metals or toxic materials.... Read more »

  • June 30, 2014
  • 12:43 PM

Novel Device Cleans Up Spills by Pumping Oil Through ‘Sponge’

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

While porous hydrophobic/oleophilic materials (PHOMs) show promise for cleaning up oil spills, such a cleanup would require a large quantity of PHOMS due to their limited absorption capacity. Chinese scientists have now proposed a way to solve this problem.... Read more »

  • June 30, 2014
  • 07:38 AM

Researchers Encourage Use of Net Energy Analysis

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Net energy analysis—a technique that seeks to compare the amount of energy a technology delivers over its lifetime with the energy needed to build and maintain it—should be a critical energy policy tool, according to Stanford scientists.... Read more »

Carbajales-Dale, M., Barnhart, C., Brandt, A., & Benson, S. (2014) A better currency for investing in a sustainable future. Nature Climate Change, 4(7), 524-527. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2285  

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