Well this might seem weird, but today is world hepatitis day. I guess I should qualify weird with the fact that it’s only weird because no one really knows. What […]... Read more »
Lawitz, E., Sulkowski, M., Ghalib, R., Rodriguez-Torres, M., Younossi, Z., Corregidor, A., DeJesus, E., Pearlman, B., Rabinovitz, M., Gitlin, N.... (2014) Simeprevir plus sofosbuvir, with or without ribavirin, to treat chronic infection with hepatitis C virus genotype 1 in non-responders to pegylated interferon and ribavirin and treatment-naive patients: the COSMOS randomised study. The Lancet. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61036-9
Looking at computers with eyeglasses strains your eyes, so scientists are making computers that help your eyes out.... Read more »
How well can psychotherapists and their clients judge from personal experience whether therapy has been effective? Not well at all, according to a paper by Scott Lilienfeld and his colleagues. The fear is that this can lead to the continued practice of ineffective, or even harmful, treatments.The authors point out that, like the rest of us, clinicians are subject to four main biases that skew their ability to infer the effectiveness of their psychotherapeutic treatments. This includes the mistak........ Read more »
Lilienfeld, S., Ritschel, L., Lynn, S., Cautin, R., & Latzman, R. (2014) Why Ineffective Psychotherapies Appear to Work: A Taxonomy of Causes of Spurious Therapeutic Effectiveness. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9(4), 355-387. DOI: 10.1177/1745691614535216
Most of us now subscribe to the idea that plastic bags are bad for the environment. Hence, droves of people turn up at their local supermarket with a sturdy jute bag in tow. Now, there’s evidence that the items that … Continue reading →... Read more »
Nerin C, Ubeda JL, Alfaro P, Dahmani Y, Aznar M, Canellas E, & Ausejo R. (2014) Compounds from multilayer plastic bags cause reproductive failures in artificial insemination. Scientific reports, 4913. PMID: 24810330
Researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Rice University have created a theoretical model that predicts how carbon components will perform as anodes in lithium-ion batteries.... Read more »
Liu, Y., Wang, Y., Yakobson, B., & Wood, B. (2014) Assessing Carbon-Based Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries: A Universal Description of Charge-Transfer Binding. Physical Review Letters, 113(2). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.028304
Acknowledging that some topics have the ability to furrow brows when it comes to autism research, mercury and autism is becoming something of a frequent talking point on this blog as a function of a whole slew of articles appearing in the peer-reviewed domain. If I were to [very tentatively] summarise the collected literature so far, it would be to say something like:Mosaic of mercury @ Wikipedia (i) there is quite a bit more research to be done on some sources of mercury being 'l........ Read more »
Yau VM, Green PG, Alaimo CP, Yoshida CK, Lutsky M, Windham GC, Delorenze G, Kharrazi M, Grether JK, & Croen LA. (2014) Prenatal and neonatal peripheral blood mercury levels and autism spectrum disorders. Environmental research, 294-303. PMID: 24981828
Technology has been racing forward at an ever increasing rate. Unfortunately, anyone who owns a smartphone will tell you that the battery life doesn’t match the advancements. That is probably […]... Read more »
Liu N, Lu Z, Zhao J, McDowell MT, Lee HW, Zhao W, & Cui Y. (2014) A pomegranate-inspired nanoscale design for large-volume-change lithium battery anodes. Nature nanotechnology, 9(3), 187-92. PMID: 24531496
Possibly one of the most famous cases of parkinson’s is Michael J. Fox. More than just the “shakes” parkinson’s can cause a whole host of other problems mentally and physically […]... Read more »
Barnum CJ, Chen X, Chung J, Chang J, Williams M, Grigoryan N, Tesi RJ, & Tansey MG. (2014) Peripheral Administration of the Selective Inhibitor of Soluble Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) XPro1595 Attenuates Nigral Cell Loss and Glial Activation in 6-OHDA Hemiparkinsonian Rats. Journal of Parkinson's disease. PMID: 25061061
Our experience of current warmth can override our scientific knowledge in driving beliefs about climate change, which is part of the reason we struggle to take the resulting risks seriously, underlines Columbia University’s Elke Weber. ... Read more »
Weber, E. (2006) Experience-Based and Description-Based Perceptions of Long-Term Risk: Why Global Warming does not Scare us (Yet). Climatic Change, 77(1-2), 103-120. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-006-9060-3
Li, Y., Johnson, E., & Zaval, L. (2011) Local Warming: Daily Temperature Change Influences Belief in Global Warming. Psychological Science, 22(4), 454-459. DOI: 10.1177/0956797611400913
Lately I've been gearing up for some nano-particle research, and so I've been doing a lot of reading about very small things. While perusing the literature, I came across a paper published online in Environmental Science and Technology that takes a look at microplastics.Let’s start with the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, a very good example of this type of marine pollution. This huge collection of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean is created by an ocean gyre, a stable circular ocean curre........ Read more »
Watts AJ, Lewis C, Goodhead RM, Beckett SJ, Moger J, Tyler CR, & Galloway TS. (2014) Uptake and Retention of Microplastics by the Shore Crab Carcinus maenas. Environmental science . PMID: 24972075
Despite all the efforts, people are losing the war on obesity. There is probably a number of factors involved, genetics, underlying medical problems, most of all diet, but in any […]... Read more »
Williams KW, Liu T, Kong X, Fukuda M, Deng Y, Berglund ED, Deng Z, Gao Y, Liu T, Sohn JW.... (2014) Xbp1s in Pomc Neurons Connects ER Stress with Energy Balance and Glucose Homeostasis. Cell metabolism. PMID: 25017942
Five of the coolest news stories from the past week... Read more »
Koubeissi, M., Bartolomei, F., Beltagy, A., & Picard, F. (2014) Electrical stimulation of a small brain area reversibly disrupts consciousness. Epilepsy , 32-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.05.027
Are we selfish? Economists like to say that, to a first approximation, we are. In other words, that we tend to seek to maximize our own rewards, in a more or less rational manner. The trouble is that this theory (at least, a straightforward interpretation of it) doesn’t describe how people behave in many situations. […]The post Spotted at last: “Homo economicus”? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »
Sleep disturbance following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common clinical challenge.Hypersomnia and insomnia can both been seen in the TBI population.The risk factors related to TBI-related sleep disturbance are not well known. Identification of risk factors can provide insight into clinical assessment and management.Lijun Hou and colleagues recently examined risk factors related to subjective sleep complaints in a series of 98 TBI subjects.The study sample include adults admitted to a ........ Read more »
Hou L, Han X, Sheng P, Tong W, Li Z, Xu D, Yu M, Huang L, Zhao Z, Lu Y.... (2013) Risk factors associated with sleep disturbance following traumatic brain injury: clinical findings and questionnaire based study. PloS one, 8(10). PMID: 24098425
We expect of our jurors and judges calm, reasoned evaluation of the evidence. Of course we know the reality is rather different - prejudice and emotional reactions will always play their part. Now two new studies add insight into the ways people's legal judgements depart from cool objectivity.Beatrice Capestany and Lasana Harris focused on two main factors - the disgust level of a crime, and whether or not the perpetrators' personality was described in biological terms. Seventeen participants we........ Read more »
Capestany, B., & Harris, L. (2014) Disgust and biological descriptions bias logical reasoning during legal decision-making. Social Neuroscience, 9(3), 265-277. DOI: 10.1080/17470919.2014.892531
Vasquez, E., Loughnan, S., Gootjes-Dreesbach, E., & Weger, U. (2014) The animal in you: Animalistic descriptions of a violent crime increase punishment of perpetrator. Aggressive Behavior, 40(4), 337-344. DOI: 10.1002/ab.21525
Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome is caused by inactivating mutations in the FLCN gene, characterised by skin lesions on the face and upper body; lung cysts and predisposition to pneumothorax; and kidney cancer. Although symptoms typically appear in the third and fourth decade … Continue reading →... Read more »
Johannesma PC, van den Borne BE, Gille JJ, Nagelkerke AF, van Waesberghe JT, Paul MA, van Moorselaar RJ, Menko FH, & Postmus PE. (2014) Spontaneous pneumothorax as indicator for Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome in paediatric patients. BMC pediatrics, 171. PMID: 24994497
It may be time to leave “busy as a bee” with other dubious animal similes like “happy as a clam” and “drunk as a skunk.” That’s because some bees, it turns out, aren’t all that busy. A small group of hive members do the bulk of the foraging, while their sisters relax at home. But […]The post Some Bees Are Busier Than Others appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »
Tenczar, P., Lutz, C., Rao, V., Goldenfeld, N., & Robinson, G. (2014) Automated monitoring reveals extreme interindividual variation and plasticity in honeybee foraging activity levels. Animal Behaviour, 41-48. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.06.006
The American Bar Association is seeking nominations until August 8, 2014 to help it decide on the Top 100 law blogs (“Blawgs”). We have been in the ABA Top 100 for the past 4 years and would like to make it 5! If you like this blog, please nominate us (it’s fast and free) here. […]
A new issue of The Jury Expert!
Who cares? The crime victim was old anyway!
“I punish you because you harmed him!”
... Read more »
Shariff AF, Greene JD, Karremans JC, Luguri JB, Clark CJ, Schooler JW, Baumeister RF, & Vohs KD. (2014) Free Will and Punishment: A Mechanistic View of Human Nature Reduces Retribution. Psychological science. PMID: 24916083
It’s hard to find the best person for the job through an interview. New research uncovers part of the problem: judging a candidate’s calibre becomes trickier when we’re also trying to sell them the benefits of joining the organisation.In an initial study, participants were asked to interview a person (another participant) who was acting as an applicant for a fictional position. Half the interviewers were told their priority was to get a good sense of the applicant, while the rest had to pr........ Read more »
Marr, J., & Cable, D. (2013) Do Interviewers Sell Themselves Short? The Effects of Selling Orientation on Interviewers' Judgments. Academy of Management Journal, 57(3), 624-651. DOI: 10.5465/amj.2011.0504
Scientists at the University of Tokyo have developed an approach with industrial potential to produce nano-sized composite silicon-based powders as negative electrodes for the next generation lithium ion batteries.... Read more »
Homma, K., Kambara, M., & Yoshida, T. (2014) High throughput production of nanocomposite SiO powders by plasma spray physical vapor deposition for negative electrode of lithium ion batteries . Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, 15(2), 25006. DOI: 10.1088/1468-6996/15/2/025006
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