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  • April 23, 2014
  • 11:32 AM
  • 1 view

Plasmonic Metamaterials Could Improve Solar Cell Performance

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

New plasmonic metamaterials that operate at high temperatures could radically improve solar cell performance and bring advanced computer data storage technology that uses heat to record information on a magnetic disk.... Read more »

Guler, U., Boltasseva, A., & Shalaev, V. (2014) Refractory Plasmonics. Science, 344(6181), 263-264. DOI: 10.1126/science.1252722  

  • April 22, 2014
  • 09:15 PM
  • 7 views

Removal of crop residue for biofuels increases CO2 emissions

by Jonathan Trinastic in Goodnight Earth

A computational study has shown that removal of residue from crop fields increases CO2 emissions... Read more »

Liska, A., Yang, H., Milner, M., Goddard, S., Blanco-Canqui, H., Pelton, M., Fang, X., Zhu, H., & Suyker, A. (2014) Biofuels from crop residue can reduce soil carbon and increase CO2 emissions. Nature Climate Change. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2187  

  • April 21, 2014
  • 12:47 PM
  • 30 views

X-Rays Help Understand High-Temperature Superconductivity

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A new study pins down a major factor behind the appearance of laser-induced high-temperature superconductivity in a promising copper-oxide material.... Read more »

  • April 20, 2014
  • 06:03 AM
  • 140 views

The Mystery of “Quantum Resonance Spectroscopy”

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

Can quantum physics help to diagnose schizophrenia and depression? A paper just published in the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease claims that a technique called ‘quantum resonance spectroscopy’ (QRS) can accurately diagnose various mental health problems. But is it quantum wizardry or magic quackery? According to the authors of the new paper, Zhang et […]The post The Mystery of “Quantum Resonance Spectroscopy” appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

Zhang Y, Liu F, Shi J, Yue X, Zhang H, Du X, Sun L, & Yuan J. (2014) Exploratory quantum resonance spectrometer as a discriminator for psychiatric affective disorders. The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 202(4), 287-91. PMID: 24647211  

  • April 17, 2014
  • 05:45 PM
  • 39 views

X-Rays Help Understand High-Temperature Superconductivity

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A new study pins down a major factor behind the appearance of laser-induced high-temperature superconductivity in a promising copper-oxide material.... Read more »

  • April 16, 2014
  • 11:57 AM
  • 67 views

Quantum Dots Could Be Used to Make Efficient Solar Windows

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A house window that doubles as a solar panel could be on the horizon, thanks to recent quantum-dot work by Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers in collaboration with scientists from University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy.... Read more »

  • April 15, 2014
  • 06:22 PM
  • 83 views

Hold the drill! Fracking emitting more methane than previously thought

by Jonathan Trinastic in Goodnight Earth

A new study measuring methane emissions over well pads has shown that fracking sites even in preparatory phases release orders of magnitude more methane then previously estimated.... Read more »

Caulton, D., Shepson, P., Santoro, R., Sparks, J., Howarth, R., Ingraffea, A., Cambaliza, M., Sweeney, C., Karion, A., Davis, K.... (2014) Toward a better understanding and quantification of methane emissions from shale gas development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1316546111  

  • April 14, 2014
  • 04:28 PM
  • 69 views

Scientists Gain Insight Into High-Temperature Superconductivity

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

In a new study by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, researchers have identified and solved at least one paradox in the behavior of high-temperature superconductors. The riddle involves a phenomenon called the “pseudogap,” a region of energy levels in which relatively few electrons are allowed to exist.... Read more »

  • April 14, 2014
  • 01:22 PM
  • 60 views

Right-Sizing U.S. Electrical Grid Could Reduce Blackout Risk

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

David Newman, a physicist at the University of Alaska, believes that smaller grids would reduce the likelihood of severe outages, such as the 2003 Northeast blackout that cut power to 50 million people in the United States and Canada for up to two days.... Read more »

Carreras, B., Newman, D., & Dobson, I. (2014) Does size matter?. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 24(2), 23104. DOI: 10.1063/1.4868393  

  • April 13, 2014
  • 01:56 PM
  • 86 views

Intro to External Pulsed Plasma Propulsion (EPPP)

by Jason Carr in Wired Cosmos

External Pulsed Plasma Propulsion (EPPP)  is something that’s been discussed for some time. In fact, it was originally proposed by Stanislaw Ulam way back in 1947. Unfortunately the public perception of atomic technology as well as pieces of otherwise well meaning legislation have called into question the feasibility of spacecraft that operate using this advanced … Read More →... Read more »

  • April 13, 2014
  • 01:46 PM
  • 63 views

Organic Solar Cell Benefit From Face-On Alignment of Molecules

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

New research from North Carolina State University and UNC-Chapel Hill reveals that energy is transferred more efficiently inside of complex, three-dimensional organic solar cells when the donor molecules align face-on, rather than edge-on, relative to the acceptor.... Read more »

Tumbleston, J., Collins, B., Yang, L., Stuart, A., Gann, E., Ma, W., You, W., & Ade, H. (2014) The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction solar cells. Nature Photonics. DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2014.55  

  • April 12, 2014
  • 12:12 PM
  • 84 views

Flexible Plastics Turn Vibrations Into Electrical Energy

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Kui Yao and co-workers from the A*STAR Institute of Materials Research and Engineering in Singapore have discovered a way to give lightweight polymer vibration harvesters a hundredfold boost in energy output—a finding that may help to eliminate manual battery recharging in microsensors and mobile devices. ... Read more »

Lei Zhang, ., Oh, S., Ting Chong Wong, ., Chin Yaw Tan, ., & Kui Yao, . (2013) Piezoelectric polymer multilayer on flexible substrate for energy harvesting. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 60(9), 2013-2020. DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2013.2786  

  • April 10, 2014
  • 09:25 AM
  • 83 views

Silver Nanoparticles Help Solar Cells Absorb More Light

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Nanostructures could enable more light to be directed into the active layer of solar cells, increasing their efficiency.... Read more »

  • April 9, 2014
  • 08:01 AM
  • 113 views

From Quark Soup to Matter

by Perikis Livas in Tracing Knowledge

Tracking the Transition of Early-Universe Quark Soup to Matter-as-we-know-it

New evidence from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider reveals different kinds of phase changes at different collision energies... Read more »

STAR Collaboration, L. Adamczyk, J. K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, J. Alford, C. D. Anson, A. Aparin.... (2014) Beam-Energy Dependence of Directed Flow of Protons, Antiprotons and Pions in Au Au Collisions. Cornell University Library. arXiv: 1401.3043v2

  • April 8, 2014
  • 09:03 PM
  • 60 views

An unexpected actor: role of arid environments in terrestrial carbon uptake

by Jonathan Trinastic in Goodnight Earth

A new 10-year study has found an unexpected terrestrial carbon sink in the Mojave desert!... Read more »

Evans, R., Koyama, A., Sonderegger, D., Charlet, T., Newingham, B., Fenstermaker, L., Harlow, B., Jin, V., Ogle, K., Smith, S.... (2014) Greater ecosystem carbon in the Mojave Desert after ten years exposure to elevated CO2. Nature Climate Change. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2184  

  • April 8, 2014
  • 02:52 PM
  • 62 views

Gold Coating to Reduce Glare From Solar Panels

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A new work by UC Irvine scientists could reduce glare from solar panels and electronic displays and dull dangerous glints on military weapons.... Read more »

  • April 6, 2014
  • 04:19 PM
  • 116 views

Scientists Determine Most Favorable Wind Turbine Positioning

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A team of researchers at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) has developed a new way to study wake effects that takes into account the airflow both within and around a wind farm and challenges the conventional belief that turbines arrayed in checker board patterns produce the highest power output.... Read more »

Stevens, R., Gayme, D., & Meneveau, C. (2014) Large eddy simulation studies of the effects of alignment and wind farm length. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 6(2), 23105. DOI: 10.1063/1.4869568  

  • April 6, 2014
  • 10:38 AM
  • 91 views

Like a giant elevator to the stratosphere

by Perikis Livas in Tracing Knowledge

Recent research results show that an atmospheric hole over the tropical West Pacific is reinforcing ozone depletion in the polar regions and could have a significant influence on the climate of the Earth.... Read more »

Rex, M., Wohltmann, I., Ridder, T., Lehmann, R., Rosenlof, K., Wennberg, P., Weisenstein, D., Notholt, J., Krüger, K., Mohr, V.... (2013) A Tropical West Pacific OH minimum and implications for stratospheric composition. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 13(11), 28869-28893. DOI: 10.5194/acpd-13-28869-2013  

  • April 3, 2014
  • 10:30 AM
  • 92 views

Νew insights into quantum dynamics and quantum chaos

by Perikis Livas in Tracing Knowledge

A team of researchers led by University of Notre Dame physicist Boldizsar Janko has announced analytical prediction and numerical verification of novel quantum rotor states in nanostructured superconductors.... Read more »

Lin SH, Milošević MV, Covaci L, Jankó B, & Peeters FM. (2014) Quantum rotor in nanostructured superconductors. Scientific reports, 4542. PMID: 24686241  

  • April 2, 2014
  • 05:30 PM
  • 80 views

Nanoporous silicon a promising material for next-generation lithium-ion batteries

by Jonathan Trinastic in Goodnight Earth

Researchers describe new technique to create high-capacity silicon anode for next-generation batteries... Read more »

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