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  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,080 views

HIV vaccine research heading towards success,so near but so far, latest research and development towards developing HIV vaccine

by B V Waghmare in HIV virus and antiretroviral drugs and antiAIDS vaccine research and developmets

There are few cases observed where some people are tested HIV positive long ago but have not developed AIDS symptoms or the AIDS disease in their entire life and are called by researchers for finding out what is the key difference in them and the other peoples which is imparting capability for not developing HIV infection in to disease AIDS in such individuals.

Researchers have observed that there is a key difference in the genetic constitution of such peoples and they are termed as controlle........ Read more »

B V Waghmare. (2010) Information on HIV virus and antiretroviral drugs and antiAIDS vaccine research and developmets . www.bvwaghmare.blogspot.com. info:/DOI/arXiv/bvwaghmare

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,263 views

Mixture Models for Ordinal Data

by Christopher Winship in SMR Blog

Cumulative probability models are widely used for the analysis of ordinal data. In this article the authors propose cumulative probability mixture models that allow the assumptions of the cumulative probability model to hold within subsamples of the data. The subsamples are defined in terms of latent class membership. In the case of the ordered logit mixture model, on which the authors focus here, the assumption of a logistic distribution for an underlying latent dependent variable holds within ........ Read more »

Breen, R., & Luijkx, R. (2010) Mixture Models for Ordinal Data. Sociological Methods , 39(1), 3-24. DOI: 10.1177/0049124110366240  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,021 views

Let’s Get Cellular: Meth Metabolism

by Dirk Hanson in Addiction Inbox

We know from the work of Nora Volkow and others that meth abusers have chronically low levels of dopamine D2 receptors in their brains. But what is going on in the rest of the body when methamphetamine addiction is running full force?... Read more »

Sun, L., Li, H., Seufferheld, M., Walters, K., Margam, V., Jannasch, A., Diaz, N., Riley, C., Sun, W., Li, Y.... (2011) Systems-Scale Analysis Reveals Pathways Involved in Cellular Response to Methamphetamine. PLoS ONE, 6(4). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018215  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,264 views

Let’s Get Cellular: Meth Metabolism

by Dirk Hanson in Addiction Inbox

We know from the work of Nora Volkow and others that meth abusers have chronically low levels of dopamine D2 receptors in their brains. But what is going on in the rest of the body when methamphetamine addiction is running full force?... Read more »

Sun, L., Li, H., Seufferheld, M., Walters, K., Margam, V., Jannasch, A., Diaz, N., Riley, C., Sun, W., Li, Y.... (2011) Systems-Scale Analysis Reveals Pathways Involved in Cellular Response to Methamphetamine. PLoS ONE, 6(4). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018215  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,206 views

Crystal structure solved by protein folding game players

by Olexandr Isayev in olexandrisayev.com

Following the failure of a wide range of attempts to solve the crystal structure of M-PMV retroviral protease by molecular replacement, authors challenged players of the protein folding game Foldit to produce accurate models of the protein. Remarkably, Foldit players were able to generate models of sufficient quality for successful molecular replacement and subsequent structure determination.... Read more »

Khatib, F., DiMaio, F., Cooper, S., Kazmierczyk, M., Gilski, M., Krzywda, S., Zabranska, H., Pichova, I., Thompson, J., Popović, Z.... (2011) Crystal structure of a monomeric retroviral protease solved by protein folding game players. Nature Structural . DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.2119  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,328 views

Comparing Apples with Oranges: B&W

by Peter Nollert in Protein Crystallization Blog

Identifying individual amino acid residues within a GPCR and comparing these across different receptors is a routine task that’s helped by a widely accepted nomenclature system: that of Ballesteros and Weinstein.... Read more »

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,556 views

Cannabis law has no effect on cannabis use

by Neurobonkers in Neurobonkers

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction confirms that prohibition does not appear to effect levels of cannabis use in any way... Read more »

The european monitoring centre for drugs and drug addiction. (2011) The state of the drugs problem in Europe . Annual Report. info:/

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,190 views

Synthesising Pseudoephedrine From N-Methylamphetamine

by Neurobonkers in Neurobonkers

The paper describes how “in the past most stores were able to sell pseudoephedrine”, the US’s most popular decongestant but new laws require pharmacies, often with restricted opening hours to sell the medicine only to those carrying government issued ID. The paper argues that “it would be of great interest to have a simple synthesis of pseudoephedrine from reagents which can be more readily procured”. The study is published in the splendidly titled Journal of Apocry........ Read more »

Hai, O. Hakkenshit, I.B. (2012) A Simple and Convenient Synthesis of Pseudoephedrine From N-Methylamphetamine. Journal of Apocryphal Chemistry, 213-21. info:/1F.1BC9/b00000F00A

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,187 views

Blood Test to Predict Breast Cancer in Advance

by United Academics in United Academics

Five years from now it may be possible to prevent breast cancer by taking a simple blood test. New research shows that the chances of developing the disease are linked to a molecular modification of the gene ATM, present on white blood cells. In the future, doctors may identify women with this molecular modification to prevent breast cancer occurrence.... Read more »

Brennan, K., Garcia-Closas, M., Orr, N., Fletcher, O., Jones, M., Ashworth, A., Swerdlow, A., Thorne, H., , ., Riboli, E.... (2012) Intragenic ATM Methylation in Peripheral Blood DNA as a Biomarker of Breast Cancer Risk. Cancer Research, 72(9), 2304-2313. DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-11-3157  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,798 views

“Beware of Exercise” is a Sexy Headline

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

A new study that raised concerns about exercise should instead raise concerns about obesity.... Read more »

Claude Bouchard, Steven Blair, Timothy Church, Conrad Earnest, James Hagberg, Keijo Häkkinen, Nathan Jenkins, Laura Karavirta, William Kraus, Arthur Leon.... (2012) Adverse Metabolic Response to Regular Exercise: Is It a Rare or Common Occurrence?. PLOS One, 7(5). info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0037887

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,714 views

“Beware of Exercise” is a Sexy Headline

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

A new study that raised concerns about exercise should instead raise concerns about obesity.... Read more »

Claude Bouchard, Steven Blair, Timothy Church, Conrad Earnest, James Hagberg, Keijo Häkkinen, Nathan Jenkins, Laura Karavirta, William Kraus, Arthur Leon.... (2012) Adverse Metabolic Response to Regular Exercise: Is It a Rare or Common Occurrence?. PLOS One, 7(5). info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0037887

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,385 views

Making sense of a small worm from big data

by Michael Hsieh in Hsieh Lab Blog

We recently published a gene expression microarray-based paper in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. As a "reductionist", it was challenging for me to deal with the massive amount of data associated with the paper. ... Read more »

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,600 views

A Holiday Without Helminths

by Michael Hsieh in Hsieh Lab Blog

What would a holiday without helminths, also known as parasitic worms, look like?... Read more »

Lustigman S, Prichard RK, Gazzinelli A, Grant WN, Boatin BA, McCarthy JS, & Basáñez MG. (2012) A research agenda for helminth diseases of humans: the problem of helminthiases. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 6(4). PMID: 22545164  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,903 views

Fructose: friend or foe? Preliminary findings.

by Kismet in Biogerontology and Health

This discussion has been going on for quite some time and it is certainly not limited to the lay press and lay population. I have always been interested in double checking pop-sci claims, in this case the "evil fructose" meme.... Read more »

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,213 views

I WILL FEAR NO EVIL: THE FIRST HEAD TRANSPLANT ON HUMAN

by Eugenio Maria Battaglia in Science to Grok

In 2008, doctor Sergio Canavero, an italian neurosurgeon based in Turin, IT, have awakened a 20 years old lady from a permanent post-traumatic vegetative state, by means of a bifocal extradural cortical electro-stimulation. Today, while Science still find it hard to explain consciousness and embodied cognition – the world-class neurosurgeon made a shock announcement: “I’m ready for the first head transplant on a man.”

In the manuscript published on Surgical Neurology I........ Read more »

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,306 views

Understanding PREDIMED and the Mediterranean diet: heart-healthy or hype?

by Kismet in Biogerontology and Health

I am going to discuss the failings of the PREDIMED study, real and imagined. I will do this in a Question & Answer style. Several questions are inspired by theheart.org and NEJM comments and even statements by the low fat "gurus", Essselstyn, Ornish, McDougall or Pritikin. It is no surprise they are up in arms after the study has been published. It threatens their livelihood.... Read more »

Estruch, R., Ros, E., Salas-Salvadó, J., Covas, M., Corella, D., Arós, F., Gómez-Gracia, E., Ruiz-Gutiérrez, V., Fiol, M., Lapetra, J.... (2013) Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet. New England Journal of Medicine, 368(14), 1279-1290. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1200303  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,715 views

Electron-spin clue to solving general anesthesia mystery

by This Science is Crazy! in This Science Is Crazy!

New study on fruit flies suggests general anesthetics can affect electron-spin properties... Read more »

Turin Luca, Skoulakis Efthimios, & Horsfield Andrew. (2014) Electron spin changes during general anesthesia in Drosophila. PNAS, Early edition(N/A). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1404387111  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 924 views

PD-L1 expression associates with non-inactivated VHL ccRCC

by Joana Guedes in BHD Research Blog

The loss of the of the tumor suppressor gene VHL and the subsequent deregulation of VHL/HIF/VEGF signalling are known to play a role in development of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Renal tumours associated with BHD syndrome are histologically diverse and include a percentage of ccRCC (Pavlovich et al., 2002). Anti-angiogenic therapies targeting the VHL/HIF/VEGF pathway have emerged in past years (Rini et al., 2006) but the development of resistance to these therapeutic agents is leadi........ Read more »

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 544 views

Highlights from the RLDC 2016 Cincinnati Conference

by Joana Guedes in BHD Research Blog

As mentioned in last week’s blog, the International Rare Lung Diseases Research Conference (RLDC) was held in Cincinnati, USA, 22nd-25th September. Clinicians, scientists, patient organizations, patients and families were brought together to discuss research and clinical trials in rare lung disease and to promote dialogue between the research community and patients.... Read more »

McCormack FX, Inoue Y, Moss J, Singer LG, Strange C, Nakata K, Barker AF, Chapman JT, Brantly ML, Stocks JM, Brown KK, Lynch JP 3rd, Goldberg HJ, Young LR, Kinder BW, Downey GP, Sullivan EJ, Colby TV, McKay RT, Cohen MM, Korbee L, Taveira-DaSilva AM, Lee . (2011) Efficacy and Safety of Sirolimus in Lymphangioleiomyomatosis. New England Journal of Medicine, 365(3), 271-272. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc1106358  

  • November 30, 1999
  • 12:00 AM
  • 11 views

DHM attenuates obesity-induced slow-twitch-fiber decrease via FLCN/FNIP1/AMPK pathway

by Joana Guedes in BHD Research Blog

Obesity is often associated with decreases in the proportion of skeletal muscle slow-twitch fibers and insulin sensitivity. Slow-twitch fibers are rich in mitochondria and utilize fatty acid oxidative phosphorylation for energy production. In their new study, Zhou et al. (2017) explore the role of the FLCN/FNIP1/AMPK signalling pathway in obesity-induced reductions in slow-twitch fibers and insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle using high-fat-diet-induced (HFD) obese mice, ob/ob mutant mice, an........ Read more »

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