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  • July 22, 2014
  • 01:19 PM
  • 9 views

Optical Cables, from Thin Air!

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

It’s a project that would make Tesla proud. Just imagine being able to instantaneously run an optical cable or fiber to any point on earth, or even into space. That’s what researchers are trying to do. Did I mention it was instantaneous and involved no connection other than the air around us? Well if you are as excited as I am, then you should read on! If not, two words, laser weapons!!... Read more »

Rosenthal, E., Jhajj, N., Wahlstrand, J., & Milchberg, H. (2014) Collection of remote optical signals by air waveguides. Optica, 1(1), 5. DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.1.000005  

Jhajj, N., Rosenthal, E., Birnbaum, R., Wahlstrand, J., & Milchberg, H. (2014) Demonstration of Long-Lived High-Power Optical Waveguides in Air. Physical Review X, 4(1). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.4.011027  

  • July 17, 2014
  • 05:36 PM
  • 79 views

X-Rays Help Study Chemical Reactions in Fuel Cells

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Using high-brilliance X-rays, scientists studied the chemical process that hydrogen fuel cells use to produce electricity.... Read more »

  • July 11, 2014
  • 05:24 AM
  • 37 views

Reward Prediction Error Signals are Meta-Representational

by Doctor Spurt / David Spurrett in Effortless Incitement

Critical discussion of Nicholas Shea's (2014) paper with the same title. (Trying import because embedded citation didn't get picked up after 48 hours.)... Read more »

  • July 11, 2014
  • 05:24 AM
  • 34 views

Reward Prediction Error Signals are Meta-Representational

by Doctor Spurt / David Spurrett in Common Currencies

Explanatory and constructive discussion of a recent paper by Nicholas Shea with the title "Reward Prediction Error Signals are Meta-Representational". Contains Research Blogging citation code, but has not been picked up in nearly four days.... Read more »

  • July 10, 2014
  • 11:19 AM
  • 83 views

Haha, kkkk, 555, LOL, jaja: Globalization Through Internet Jokes

by Nura Rutten in United Academics

In a recent article from Shifman, Levy and Thelwall, internet jokes are found to serve as an important and powerful agent of globalization and americanization. To research the role of internet jokes, they look at the concept of “user-generated globalization”, where internet users are the focal points through which user-generated content (in this case jokes) is translated, customized and distributed across the globe.... Read more »

Shifman, L., Levy, H., & Thelwall, M. (2014) Internet Jokes: The Secret Agents of Globalization?. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. DOI: 10.1111/jcc4.12082  

  • July 7, 2014
  • 03:54 PM
  • 92 views

Transparent Graphite Can Be Used to Make Better Solar Cells

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the University of Maryland Energy Research Center and Monash University, Australia, have used lithium to make a graphite sheet transparent and highly conductive. This new material shows promise for applications in solar cells, flexible displays and touchscreens.... Read more »

  • July 7, 2014
  • 11:04 AM
  • 86 views

Simple Process Improves Manufacturing of Silicon Nanoholes

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the A*STAR Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology and Nanyang Technological University have invented a simple procedure that transforms silver nanospheres into silicon nanoholes. The process can significantly increase the cost-effectiveness of nanowire-based solar cells.... Read more »

Hong, L., Wang, X., Zheng, H., He, L., Wang, H., Yu, H., & Rusli, . (2014) High efficiency silicon nanohole/organic heterojunction hybrid solar cell. Applied Physics Letters, 104(5), 53104. DOI: 10.1063/1.4863965  

  • July 4, 2014
  • 02:00 PM
  • 42 views

OhMyDog! Discover The Ins And Outs Of Your Pet, And Yourself

by Elisabeth Buhl Thubron in United Academics

A new health collar or chip may be the next big accessory for dogs, and humans.... Read more »

Xu S, Zhang Y, Jia L, Mathewson KE, Jang KI, Kim J, Fu H, Huang X, Chava P, Wang R.... (2014) Soft microfluidic assemblies of sensors, circuits, and radios for the skin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6179), 70-4. PMID: 24700852  

  • July 2, 2014
  • 09:03 AM
  • 138 views

Chimps stick grass in their ears to be cool: notes on cultural transmission

by Neuroecology in Neuroecology

1. In 2010, a female chimpanzee named Julie began repeatedly stuffing a stiff blade of grass into her ear. This Grass-in-ear behavior has affectionately been dubbed “GIEB” by the scientists who observed it.... Read more »

Huffman, M., Nahallage, C., & Leca, J. (2008) Cultured Monkeys: Social Learning Cast in Stones. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17(6), 410-414. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8721.2008.00616.x  

Stocker R, Green DG, & Newth D. (2001) Consensus and cohesion in simulated social networks. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 4(4). info:/

Rendell L, Fogarty L, Hoppitt WJ, Morgan TJ, Webster MM, & Laland KN. (2011) Cognitive culture: theoretical and empirical insights into social learning strategies. Trends in cognitive sciences, 15(2), 68-76. PMID: 21215677  

  • July 1, 2014
  • 09:25 AM
  • 100 views

To Feed the World, Try Legos

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

“It was an idea that just popped into my head,” says Ludovico Cademartiri, a materials scientist who’s upped his research game by using Legos. He hopes other researchers will steal his idea, and not just because Legos are fun. Cademartiri thinks the humble bricks could help solve the world’s impending food crisis. Members of Cademartiri’s […]The post To Feed the World, Try Legos appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

  • June 29, 2014
  • 04:59 PM
  • 88 views

Snowflakes Help Study Wind Turbine Airflow

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the University of Minnesota (UMN) used snowflakes from a winter snowstorm to study the airflow patterns around large wind turbines. This measurement technique could prove valuable to improving wind energy efficiency.... Read more »

Hong, J., Toloui, M., Chamorro, L., Guala, M., Howard, K., Riley, S., Tucker, J., & Sotiropoulos, F. (2014) Natural snowfall reveals large-scale flow structures in the wake of a 2.5-MW wind turbine. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5216  

  • June 28, 2014
  • 11:19 PM
  • 95 views

Predicting the Flu

by Viputheshwar Sitaraman in Draw Science

Using search engines to predict the future of infectious diseases: computer science meets epidemiology.... Read more »

  • June 28, 2014
  • 01:57 PM
  • 116 views

On Luck, Skill and Hard Work - in Soccer and Life

by Aurametrix team in Health Technologies

Big data doesn't always get us closer to truth. Especially if there a fair bit of luck involved. And many think this applies to football/soccer games (Sally and Anderson, for example, say that soccer results are 50% luck). Yet data analysis provides valuable, sometimes counter-intuitive insights into this beautiful sport and the science of winning and losing in general.How many measurable elements of a soccer game contribute to the outcome? 2014 FIFA world cup's statistics page displays scores c........ Read more »

Javier López Peña, & Hugo Touchette. (2012) A network theory analysis of football strategies. In C. Clanet (ed.), Sports Physics: Proc. 2012 Euromech Physics of Sports Conference, p. 517-528, \'Editions de l'\'Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, 2013. (ISBN 978-2-7302-1615-9). arXiv: 1206.6904v1

Cotta, C., Mora, A., Merelo, J., & Merelo-Molina, C. (2013) A network analysis of the 2010 FIFA world cup champion team play. Journal of Systems Science and Complexity, 26(1), 21-42. DOI: 10.1007/s11424-013-2291-2  

Padulo J, Haddad M, Ardigò LP, Chamari K, & Pizzolato F. (2014) High frequency performance analysis of professional soccer goalkeepers: a pilot study. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. PMID: 24921614  

  • June 26, 2014
  • 02:03 PM
  • 96 views

Researchers Quantify How Energy Storage Costs Affect Wind Farms

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at the Carnegie Mellon University have quantified what the price of energy storage needs to be to justify the use of energy storage devices at remote wind farms.... Read more »

  • June 24, 2014
  • 02:50 PM
  • 125 views

Concentrating Solar Power Can Meet Up to 80% of Electricity Demand

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A new study suggests that connecting concentrating solar power (CSP) plants together could provide a considerable part of electrical energy demand at costs comparable to other energy technologies.... Read more »

Pfenninger, S., Gauché, P., Lilliestam, J., Damerau, K., Wagner, F., & Patt, A. (2014) Potential for concentrating solar power to provide baseload and dispatchable power. Nature Climate Change. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2276  

  • June 24, 2014
  • 06:43 AM
  • 108 views

Pyramid-Like Arrangement Makes LEDs Brighter

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

According to the scientists at the University of Michigan, triangular phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PHOLEDs) arranged into a pyramid-like structure shine three times brighter than a flat configuration of LEDs at the same current.... Read more »

Lee, J., Slootsky, M., Lee, K., Zhang, Y., & Forrest, S. (2014) An electrophosphorescent organic light emitting concentrator. Light: Science , 3(6). DOI: 10.1038/lsa.2014.62  

  • June 24, 2014
  • 04:50 AM
  • 78 views

A clever use of SciPy’s ndimage.generic_filter for n-dimensional image processing

by Juan Nunez-Iglesias in I Love Symposia!

This year I am privileged to be a mentor in the Google Summer of Code for the scikit-image project, as part of the Python Software Foundation organisation. Our student, Vighnesh Birodkar, recently came up with a clever use of SciPy’s ndimage.generic_filter that is certainly worth sharing widely.

Vighnesh is tasked with implementing region adjacency graphs and graph based methods for image segmentation. He initially wrote specific functions for 2D and 3D images, and I suggested that he s........ Read more »

Stefan Van Der Walt, S. Chris Colbert, & Gaël Varoquaux. (2011) The NumPy array: a structure for efficient numerical computation. Computing in Science and Engineering 13, 2 (2011) 22-30. arXiv: 1102.1523v1

  • June 22, 2014
  • 10:23 AM
  • 143 views

The Love Song of Philo T. Farnsworth

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Philo Farnsworth, if the name sounds vaguely familiar than you might just be a Futurama watcher. If you don't watch and know who I'm talking about or even better are a fan then, "YAY!" and for those of you who don't know, don't sweat it you're not alone. One of the forgotten greats, Farnsworth should be a household name, namely because one of his biggest inventions is in practically every home.... Read more »

The associated press. (2006) Elma Gardner Farnsworth, 98, Who Helped Husband Develop TV, Dies. The New York Times. info:/http://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/03/arts/television/03farnsworth.html?_r

Edwin Cartlidge. (2007) The Secrete way of Amateur Fusion. Physics World. info:/http://physicsworldarchive.iop.org/index.cfm?action

  • June 20, 2014
  • 07:31 AM
  • 132 views

Journal Club: Passenger pigeon extinction: it’s complicated

by GrrlScientist in Maniraptora

A newly published study reveals that the extinction of the passenger pigeon likely was due to the combined effects of their natural dramatic population fluctuations and human over-exploitation. Read more... Read more »

Hung Chih-Ming, Shaner Pei-Jen L., Zink Robert M., Liu Wei-Chung, Chu Te-Chin, Huang Wen-San, & Li Shou-Hsien. (2014) Drastic population fluctuations explain the rapid extinction of the passenger pigeon. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1401526111  

Groenen Martien A. M., Archibald Alan L., Uenishi Hirohide, Tuggle Christopher K., Takeuchi Yasuhiro, Rothschild Max F., Rogel-Gaillard Claire, Park Chankyu, Milan Denis, & Megens Hendrik-Jan. (2012) Analyses of pig genomes provide insight into porcine demography and evolution. Nature, 491(7424), 393-398. DOI: 10.1038/nature11622  

  • June 18, 2014
  • 06:44 PM
  • 140 views

New Architecture Allows to Charge Li-ion Batteries in 10 Minutes

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering have developed a three-dimensional, silicon-decorated, cone-shaped carbon-nanotube cluster architecture for lithium-ion battery anodes that could enable charging of portable electronics in 10 minutes, instead of hours.... Read more »

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