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All posts; Tags Include "Sensation and Perception"

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  • November 13, 2013
  • 01:26 PM

Sleep Unbinds Memories From Their Emotional Context

by sschroeder in Daily Observations

Many of us might remember our parents insisting that we get a good night’s sleep before a big exam or test, with the argument that being well rested would help […]... Read more »

Deliens, G., Gilson, M., Schmitz, R., . (2013) Sleep unbinds memories from their emotional context. Cortex, 49(8), 2221-2228. DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2012.11.014  

  • November 13, 2013
  • 10:26 AM

Going to the Movies: The Story of a Popcorn Pit (Part 2)

by Melissa Chernick in Science Storiented

Welcome to Part 2 of my journey to the movie theater. This will make sense if you haven’t read Part 1, but to enjoy the full impact of this visite du cinéma, I suggest you read both. If ya just don’t wanna then here’s a summary: (1) movie tickets are expensive, (2) as far as I can tell, nobody has really done a direct study of why, (3) economists try to explain why all movies cost the same through their “uniform pricing for differentiated goods” theory, (4) as it turns out, variable o........ Read more »

  • November 11, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

Defending the Psychopath: “His brain made him do it”

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Recently, we wrote about how risk assessment measures do not work on the psychopath. So it seems only fitting we summarize a new article that explains psychopathic behavior using fMRI scans that purport to show how the defendant is not in control of his behavior because “his brain made him do it”. This is an […]

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On brains, brain damage, pedophilia and other things we don’t like
Confused about brain scans? Welcome to the club!
Is that a psychopath trying to kill you? A........ Read more »

Phillips, KD. (2013) Empathy for psychopaths: Using fMRI brain scans to please for leniency in death penalty cases. Law and Psychology Review. . info:/

  • November 8, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

“Blacks just don’t feel pain like White people do”

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

As absurd and biased as that may sound, it is something that many (both White and Black Americans) currently believe. An archival review and six separate experiments (with a total of 876 research participants) show this biased belief system. This particular research is examining disparities in healthcare and the authors review the higher rates of […]

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Which jurors most “feel” your client’s pain?
Proof we don’t hire the most qualified candidate!
The incompetence stere........ Read more »

Trawalter S, Hoffman KM, & Waytz A. (2012) Racial bias in perceptions of others' pain. PloS one, 7(11). PMID: 23155390  

  • November 6, 2013
  • 07:25 AM

The Bouba/Kiki Effect: Synesthesia or Ideasthesia?

by Robert Seymour in NeuroFractal

Many researchers believed that the Bouba/Kiki effect demonstrated that we all show a little synaesthesia, where sensory inputs involuntarily activate an unrelated sensory experience. However, unlike classical synaesthesia, participants in the Bouba/Kiki experiment are associating a sensory input with a semantic label rather than two independent sensory experiences. Nikolic (2009) therefore recently introduced the idea of ideasthesia...... Read more »

Nikolic D. (2009) Is synaesthesia actually ideaesthesia? An inquiry into the nature of the phenomenon. Proceedings of the Third International Congress on Synaesthesia, Science and Art. info:/

  • November 6, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

Do you want to make your juror “think fast”?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

A new research review says thinking fast can improve our mood, and increase risk-taking, confidence and problem-solving. The author discusses the experiences of running, skiing, driving over the speed limit as all having the capacity to excite, elate and energize us. But we do not have to be moving fast in order to improve our […]

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Think fast! Is this the perpetrator? How certain are you?
Is that quick decision a good indicator of your moral character?
What happens when a ju........ Read more »

  • November 5, 2013
  • 08:00 AM

The ‘Heartwarming’ Nature of Social Bonds

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Emotional connections with others are one of the fundamental ingredients for a happy and fulfilled life. Seeking out these connections often feels good, providing a kind of social “warmth.” New […]... Read more »

  • November 1, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

Fringe dwellers are very, very certain of their rightness

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

This comes as no surprise to us. We routinely look at mock jurors with extreme views on various issues as unpredictable and thus, dangerous for our case. We think of the extremist as dwelling on the “fringe” of beliefs held by the majority. They are often conspiracy devotees and “hear” facts through a nearly impregnable […]

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The evidence is mounting: The brains of liberals and conservatives differ
Politics and prejudice? Nope. It’s about ideology!
Republicans prefe........ Read more »

  • October 31, 2013
  • 02:30 AM

Give Your Halloween Candy a Flavor Boost with Psychological Science

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Late on Halloween night, with candy strewn across the dining room table, millions of children across the United States will enjoy the hard-earned fruits of their trick-or-treating labors. After picking […]... Read more »

Vohs, K.D., Wang, Y., Gino, F., & Norton, M.I. (2013) Rituals Enhance Consumption. Psychological Science, 24(9), 1714-1721. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613478949  

Cole, G.G., & Wilkins, A.J. (2013) Fear of Holes. Psychological Science, 24(10), 1980-1985. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613484937  

  • October 28, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

Stop looking at your smartphone & listen to me!

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

If you are reading this blog post while in a meeting, please know it’s twice as likely women will be offended by your behavior than will men. That’s the finding of a new research study from Howard University and the USC Marshall School of Business Center for Management Communication. The study looks at perceptions of […]

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“Stop picking fights and get some emotional intelligence!”
Be careful what you text!
You can stop smoking and lose weight without much effort at al........ Read more »

Washington, MC, Okoro, EA, & Cardon, PW. (2013) Perceptions of Civility for Mobile Phone Use in Formal and Informal Meetings. . Business Communication Quarterly. . info:/

  • October 24, 2013
  • 08:00 AM

To Call a Player’s Poker Hand, Look to the Arms

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Professional poker players rely on the ability to divorce their facial expressions from their emotional state – no matter how good, or how bad, their hand is, they have to maintain an inscrutable “poker face.” But new research suggests that they may do well to focus on another body part: The arms. The research, published in Psychological Science, suggests that homing in on only the player’s arms may be the most reliable way to call a bluff.... Read more »

  • October 11, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

What’s that book you’re reading as you wait to be impaneled?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

I listen to a lot of audiobooks while driving or flying or cooking or cleaning. I rarely listen to academic tomes. Instead, I like to be entertained with mysteries and thrillers or suspenseful stories. Lately, I have purchased several highly rated mysteries only to discover they are romance novels in disguise. It is irksome and […]

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Can reading a story make you a vampire?
Okay, wait! Which one of you was I listening to?
Wait! What did I say last time?

... Read more »

  • October 7, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

How can cheating be wrong when it feels so right?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

I think I was in college when Barbara Mandrell came out with this song for cheaters everywhere. A few decades later, I listened to my niece talk about tools she uses to identify plagiarism in her college freshman students. So I ask my (then) high school kids about cheating. They look at me as though […]

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Apology redux: Doing it right (and doing it wrong)
Is it wrong to want an 8-foot chicken?
“I can tell how she feels by looking at her face…”

... Read more »

Ruedy NE, Moore C, Gino F, & Schweitzer ME. (2013) The cheater's high: The unexpected affective benefits of unethical behavior. Journal of personality and social psychology, 105(4), 531-48. PMID: 24000799  

  • October 4, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

Who is more corrupt: men or women?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

For those of you blurting out “men are more corrupt”–slow down a bit. Interestingly, it may depend in part on where you live and whether corruption is seen as something to avoid (rather than a fact of life). According to these researchers, women in democratic countries are less likely to tolerate corruption and less likely […]

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“It was ‘a man’s work’ and I just didn’t like working with those incompetent women….”
Men prefer boxes and women prefer e........ Read more »

Esarey, Justin, & Chirillo, Gina. (2013) 'Fairer Sex' or Purity Myth? Corruption, Gender, and Institutional Context. Politics and Gender . info:/

  • October 2, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

The CAST Scale: A comprehensive assessment of sadistic tendencies

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We bring you various psychological questionnaires from time to time. You heard about the GASP scale here (a measure of how prone you are to shame and guilt). Let’s not forget we also told you about the Depravity Scale (when describing specific behaviors, just  how creepy, heinous, or depraved are they?). We’ve also shown you […]

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‘Everyday Sadists’: They walk among us
The GASP scale: A new measure of guilt and shame proneness
Keep your eye on this one: A Depravity S........ Read more »

Buckels EE, Jones DN, & Paulhus DL. (2013) Behavioral Confirmation of Everyday Sadism. Psychological Science. PMID: 24022650  

  • September 30, 2013
  • 03:48 PM

Looking Schizophrenia in the Eye

by Rebecca Schwarzlose in Garden of the Mind

More than a century ago, scientists discovered something usual about how people with schizophrenia move their eyes. Psychologist and inventor Raymond Dodge and psychiatrist Allen Diefendorf were trying out an early incarnation of the modern eye tracker. When they used it on psychiatric patients, they found that people with schizophrenia had a funny way of following a moving object with their eyes.... Read more »

  • September 30, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

Never trust a man with a wide face

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We’ve written twice before about wide-faced men, but we have something new! This time, it isn’t just those wide-faced men who are going to lie, cheat and be prejudiced. They are also going to make you behave selfishly just by interacting with them. Your selfish behavior is going to make others behave selfishly and the […]

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“Wide-faced men are going to lie and cheat”
Wide-faced men are not just liars and cheaters, they’re prejudiced too!
I can tell from your face th........ Read more »

  • September 28, 2013
  • 09:01 AM

Marital Separation, Expressive Writing, and Meaning Making: Important Cautions to Lawyers & Clients About Keeping “Divorce Journals”

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Marital separation, which can include divorce, correlates with pain and suffering.  Easily characterized as one of life’s most stressful experiences, marital separation puts people at risk for poor outcomes in their mental and physical health.  Expressive writing, according to the authors of the study reported in this post, has a “strong record for improving [...]The post Marital Separation, Expressive Writing, and Meaning Making: Important Cautions to Lawyers & Clients About Keeping &........ Read more »

  • September 27, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

Simple Jury Persuasion: Do haters have to hate? It would seem so.

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

It’s in our genes. Or at least, in our dispositions. We all know people who are consistently negative. They pick out the negative in every situation and magnify it. Conversely, we also know people who are invariably positive. We call them Pollyanna’s. They are two extremes: the Haters and the Pollyanna’s. However, those extremes may […]

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Simple Jury Persuasion: Activate their values
The latest issue of The Jury Expert is a total classic!
Detecting Deception Using the L........ Read more »

  • September 25, 2013
  • 07:02 AM

Will Mozart or Metallica make you seem more attractive?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

The Finnish metal band Apocalyptica (pictured at left) combines classically trained cellists with metal music. According to this research, you are likely to find them very attractive one way or another. Fortunately for you, you do not have to combine metal and Mozart to be optimally attractive. Just ask yourself this (hopefully) simple question: Am […]

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When you wear glasses you are less attractive but more smart and trustworthy
The Danger of Stereotyping: Does Gay + Black =........ Read more »

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