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All posts; Tags Include "Sensation and Perception"

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  • December 2, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 1,214 views

Is it best to be competent, warm, or moral?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Despite the research telling us people will like you more if you are warm and hire you more when you are competent–perhaps, it is more important that you are moral. While that may seem odd at first, it actually makes some sense. A seemingly warm and friendly person may be hiding nefarious motives under that […]

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Is that quick decision a good indicator of your moral character?
What’s a moral issue for us these days?
How leaders look: Competent and trustworthy, but not........ Read more »

Goodwin GP, Piazza J, & Rozin P. (2013) Moral Character Predominates in Person Perception and Evaluation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. PMID: 24274087  

  • November 27, 2013
  • 11:40 AM
  • 787 views

Our Estimates of Food Value Run “Hot” and “Cold”

by amikulak in Daily Observations

It stands to reason that you’d be willing to pay more for a nice slice of pumpkin or apple pie before Thanksgiving dinner, when you’re hungry and salivating, than afterwards, […]... Read more »

  • November 25, 2013
  • 12:23 PM
  • 943 views

Going to the Movies: The Seat Choice Dilemma (Part 3)

by Melissa Chernick in Science Storiented

Welcome to Part 3, the final step in our science-tastic trip to the movie theater. I’d suggest checking out Part 1 and Part 2 as so far, you've purchased your expensive ticket, wondered at high concession prices, agonized over which size popcorn to buy, and learned how that choice will ultimately determine how much you will eat. Now you are ready to go find a seat for the show! You pick up your concessions from the counter, figure out how to carry them in such a way as to not spill anything a........ Read more »

  • November 25, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 821 views

Timing your request for that questionable favor…

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

So you need to ask someone to do something and that “something” lies in the morally murky or ambiguous realm. We won’t offer examples of what that favor may be, but you know what we mean. You may wonder when is best to ask. Right after you’ve begun the day (and they’ve had ample coffee)? […]

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Leading our unethical leaders: Behaving as we want our jurors to behave
Which is the more moral negotiator? The male or the female?
What’s a moral issue for us these days?

........ Read more »

  • November 22, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 1,003 views

How leaders look: Competent and trustworthy, but not dominant

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Two weeks ago we did a mock trial with a group of attorneys who were passionate about their case and yet got along very well with each other. It was a high-adrenalin experience that lasted 48 hours. On the morning of the second day, the Plaintiff attorney went into the presentation room a little early […]

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When you wear glasses you are less attractive but more smart and trustworthy
Republicans prefer ‘Republican-looking’ political candidates
Should you want guilt-prone l........ Read more »

  • November 21, 2013
  • 08:00 AM
  • 956 views

Visual System ‘Prioritizes’ Information for Conscious Access

by amikulak in Daily Observations

We are continuously flooded with sensory information from our physical environment – the sights, sounds, smells, feel of everything around us. We’re flooded with so much information, in fact, that […]... Read more »

  • November 20, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 1,162 views

Empathy: Paving the road to preferential treatment with good intentions

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

How do empathy, accountability and fairness interact to result in preferential treatment (but with the best of intentions)? You know we are looking at this with an eye toward litigation implications and it isn’t even that much of a stretch. The researchers are looking at the workplace supervisor/supervisee relationship to assess how knowing that an […]

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Have you seen our articles in The Jury Expert?
“That’s not fair!”
Attractiveness and being fired for poor performan........ Read more »

  • November 18, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 597 views

“You people are endangering others with your blog…”

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Six months ago, we began to be inundated with comments from what were obviously students in entry-level psychology classes. When it reached a volume of about twenty comments a day, we did some research and discovered they came from a community college in Missouri. They were all using falsified email addresses and names so we […]

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Mean-spirited blog comments tick off conservatives
Excuse me potential juror: Is your brain red or blue?
Politics and prejudice? Nope. It’s about........ Read more »

Motyl, M., Iyer, R., Oishi, S., Trawalter, S., & Bosek, BA. (2013) How ideological migration geographically segregates groups. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. . DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2013.10.010  

  • November 13, 2013
  • 01:26 PM
  • 1,155 views

Sleep Unbinds Memories From Their Emotional Context

by sschroeder in Daily Observations

Many of us might remember our parents insisting that we get a good night’s sleep before a big exam or test, with the argument that being well rested would help […]... Read more »

Deliens, G., Gilson, M., Schmitz, R., . (2013) Sleep unbinds memories from their emotional context. Cortex, 49(8), 2221-2228. DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2012.11.014  

  • November 13, 2013
  • 10:26 AM
  • 926 views

Going to the Movies: The Story of a Popcorn Pit (Part 2)

by Melissa Chernick in Science Storiented

Welcome to Part 2 of my journey to the movie theater. This will make sense if you haven’t read Part 1, but to enjoy the full impact of this visite du cinéma, I suggest you read both. If ya just don’t wanna then here’s a summary: (1) movie tickets are expensive, (2) as far as I can tell, nobody has really done a direct study of why, (3) economists try to explain why all movies cost the same through their “uniform pricing for differentiated goods” theory, (4) as it turns out, variable o........ Read more »

  • November 11, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 931 views

Defending the Psychopath: “His brain made him do it”

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Recently, we wrote about how risk assessment measures do not work on the psychopath. So it seems only fitting we summarize a new article that explains psychopathic behavior using fMRI scans that purport to show how the defendant is not in control of his behavior because “his brain made him do it”. This is an […]

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On brains, brain damage, pedophilia and other things we don’t like
Confused about brain scans? Welcome to the club!
Is that a psychopath trying to kill you? A........ Read more »

Phillips, KD. (2013) Empathy for psychopaths: Using fMRI brain scans to please for leniency in death penalty cases. Law and Psychology Review. . info:/

  • November 8, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 822 views

“Blacks just don’t feel pain like White people do”

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

As absurd and biased as that may sound, it is something that many (both White and Black Americans) currently believe. An archival review and six separate experiments (with a total of 876 research participants) show this biased belief system. This particular research is examining disparities in healthcare and the authors review the higher rates of […]

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Which jurors most “feel” your client’s pain?
Proof we don’t hire the most qualified candidate!
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Trawalter S, Hoffman KM, & Waytz A. (2012) Racial bias in perceptions of others' pain. PloS one, 7(11). PMID: 23155390  

  • November 6, 2013
  • 07:25 AM
  • 989 views

The Bouba/Kiki Effect: Synesthesia or Ideasthesia?

by Robert Seymour in NeuroFractal

Many researchers believed that the Bouba/Kiki effect demonstrated that we all show a little synaesthesia, where sensory inputs involuntarily activate an unrelated sensory experience. However, unlike classical synaesthesia, participants in the Bouba/Kiki experiment are associating a sensory input with a semantic label rather than two independent sensory experiences. Nikolic (2009) therefore recently introduced the idea of ideasthesia...... Read more »

Nikolic D. (2009) Is synaesthesia actually ideaesthesia? An inquiry into the nature of the phenomenon. Proceedings of the Third International Congress on Synaesthesia, Science and Art. info:/

  • November 6, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 908 views

Do you want to make your juror “think fast”?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

A new research review says thinking fast can improve our mood, and increase risk-taking, confidence and problem-solving. The author discusses the experiences of running, skiing, driving over the speed limit as all having the capacity to excite, elate and energize us. But we do not have to be moving fast in order to improve our […]

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Think fast! Is this the perpetrator? How certain are you?
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What happens when a ju........ Read more »

  • November 5, 2013
  • 08:00 AM
  • 1,195 views

The ‘Heartwarming’ Nature of Social Bonds

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Emotional connections with others are one of the fundamental ingredients for a happy and fulfilled life. Seeking out these connections often feels good, providing a kind of social “warmth.” New […]... Read more »

  • November 1, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 754 views

Fringe dwellers are very, very certain of their rightness

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

This comes as no surprise to us. We routinely look at mock jurors with extreme views on various issues as unpredictable and thus, dangerous for our case. We think of the extremist as dwelling on the “fringe” of beliefs held by the majority. They are often conspiracy devotees and “hear” facts through a nearly impregnable […]

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The evidence is mounting: The brains of liberals and conservatives differ
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Republicans prefe........ Read more »

  • October 31, 2013
  • 02:30 AM
  • 1,418 views

Give Your Halloween Candy a Flavor Boost with Psychological Science

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Late on Halloween night, with candy strewn across the dining room table, millions of children across the United States will enjoy the hard-earned fruits of their trick-or-treating labors. After picking […]... Read more »

Vohs, K.D., Wang, Y., Gino, F., & Norton, M.I. (2013) Rituals Enhance Consumption. Psychological Science, 24(9), 1714-1721. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613478949  

Cole, G.G., & Wilkins, A.J. (2013) Fear of Holes. Psychological Science, 24(10), 1980-1985. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613484937  

  • October 28, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 865 views

Stop looking at your smartphone & listen to me!

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

If you are reading this blog post while in a meeting, please know it’s twice as likely women will be offended by your behavior than will men. That’s the finding of a new research study from Howard University and the USC Marshall School of Business Center for Management Communication. The study looks at perceptions of […]

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“Stop picking fights and get some emotional intelligence!”
Be careful what you text!
You can stop smoking and lose weight without much effort at al........ Read more »

Washington, MC, Okoro, EA, & Cardon, PW. (2013) Perceptions of Civility for Mobile Phone Use in Formal and Informal Meetings. . Business Communication Quarterly. . info:/

  • October 24, 2013
  • 08:00 AM
  • 1,734 views

To Call a Player’s Poker Hand, Look to the Arms

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Professional poker players rely on the ability to divorce their facial expressions from their emotional state – no matter how good, or how bad, their hand is, they have to maintain an inscrutable “poker face.” But new research suggests that they may do well to focus on another body part: The arms. The research, published in Psychological Science, suggests that homing in on only the player’s arms may be the most reliable way to call a bluff.... Read more »

  • October 11, 2013
  • 07:02 AM
  • 840 views

What’s that book you’re reading as you wait to be impaneled?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

I listen to a lot of audiobooks while driving or flying or cooking or cleaning. I rarely listen to academic tomes. Instead, I like to be entertained with mysteries and thrillers or suspenseful stories. Lately, I have purchased several highly rated mysteries only to discover they are romance novels in disguise. It is irksome and […]

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Can reading a story make you a vampire?
Okay, wait! Which one of you was I listening to?
Wait! What did I say last time?


... Read more »

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